Normal Resting Values-Evaluation Techniques

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Normal Resting Values-Evaluation Techniques

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Normal Resting Values-Evaluation Techniques

  1. 1. EQUINE MEDICINENormal Resting Values-Evaluation Techniques
  2. 2. Basic Physical Exam
  3. 3. Body Temperature • Normal-Adult – 99.0-101.5 • Foals – + 1 degree
  4. 4. Body Temperature
  5. 5. Heart Rate• Auscultation – Adult • 30-40 BPM – Newborn • 60-80 BPM – 1-2 weeks • 75-100BPM
  6. 6. Heart Rate • Pulse – Submandibular Artery • Inside of mandible – Transverse Facial Artery • Lateral to the eye
  7. 7. Heart Rate • Pulse – Coccygeal artery • tail – Dorsal Metatarsal artery • Between cannon and lateral splint
  8. 8. Heart Rate• Pulse – Lateral and Medial Digital arteries • Fetlock • heels – Carotid arteries • Deep in neck
  9. 9. Heart Auscultation• Most common-left chest – S1-”lub” – S2”dub” – Murmurs-may be normal
  10. 10. Respiratory Rate • Adults-10-20 BPM • Newborn-80-90 BPM • 1-2 wks-20-40 BMP
  11. 11. Mucous Membranes Gums Lining of vulvaLining Conjunctivaof of eyenostrils
  12. 12. Hydration Status • Skin pinch test – Normal-1-2 sec • Capillary Refill Time – Normal-less than 2.0 sec
  13. 13. Abdominal Sounds May be heard with the naked ear or stethoscope

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