EQUINE MEDICINE
Feeds and Feeding Horses
Roughage
• Hay
• Legumes
• Alfalfa
• High nutrient
content
• Clover
• Lower protein
Roughage
• Hay
• Grass
• Timothy
• Low protein
• Orchard
• Moderate protein
Roughage
• Hay
• Grass
• Cereal grass
• Oats, wheat,
barley, rye
• Fescue
• Low energy
• Toxic
• Bermuda
• Dry-fine stems
Roughage
Silage
Haylage
Pasture
• Natural
• 1 horse-2.5-5 acres
• Rotational grazing
• Stocking rate
• Factors
• Management
Concentrates
• High energy feeds
• Uses
• Regulate energy
• Regulate nutrients
• Problems
• Choke
• Tying-up
• Founder
Concentrates
Oats
Sorghum
Corn
Barley
Concentrates
Wheat
Cane Molasses
Wheat Bran
Protein Supplements
• Linseed meal
• Soybean meal
• Cottonseed meal
• Commercial
Supplements
Minerals
• Trace mineral salt
• Natural craving
• No Calcium
• No Phosphorus
Calculating Nutrients
• Requirements
• Feed types
• Palatability
• Maximum feed
intake
• Nutrients in feed
Feed Management
• Quality feeds
• Balanced rations
• ½ ration-hay
• Free choice salt
• Monitor teeth
• Regular exercise
• ...
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Feeds & Feeding Horses

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Feeds & Feeding Horses

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Feeds & Feeding Horses

  1. 1. EQUINE MEDICINE Feeds and Feeding Horses
  2. 2. Roughage • Hay • Legumes • Alfalfa • High nutrient content • Clover • Lower protein
  3. 3. Roughage • Hay • Grass • Timothy • Low protein • Orchard • Moderate protein
  4. 4. Roughage • Hay • Grass • Cereal grass • Oats, wheat, barley, rye • Fescue • Low energy • Toxic • Bermuda • Dry-fine stems
  5. 5. Roughage Silage Haylage
  6. 6. Pasture • Natural • 1 horse-2.5-5 acres • Rotational grazing • Stocking rate • Factors • Management
  7. 7. Concentrates • High energy feeds • Uses • Regulate energy • Regulate nutrients • Problems • Choke • Tying-up • Founder
  8. 8. Concentrates Oats Sorghum Corn Barley
  9. 9. Concentrates Wheat Cane Molasses Wheat Bran
  10. 10. Protein Supplements • Linseed meal • Soybean meal • Cottonseed meal • Commercial Supplements
  11. 11. Minerals • Trace mineral salt • Natural craving • No Calcium • No Phosphorus
  12. 12. Calculating Nutrients • Requirements • Feed types • Palatability • Maximum feed intake • Nutrients in feed
  13. 13. Feed Management • Quality feeds • Balanced rations • ½ ration-hay • Free choice salt • Monitor teeth • Regular exercise • Feed as individuals
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