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Determining Age, Height, and Weight
Determining Age, Height, and Weight
Determining Age, Height, and Weight
Determining Age, Height, and Weight
Determining Age, Height, and Weight
Determining Age, Height, and Weight
Determining Age, Height, and Weight
Determining Age, Height, and Weight
Determining Age, Height, and Weight
Determining Age, Height, and Weight
Determining Age, Height, and Weight
Determining Age, Height, and Weight
Determining Age, Height, and Weight
Determining Age, Height, and Weight
Determining Age, Height, and Weight
Determining Age, Height, and Weight
Determining Age, Height, and Weight
Determining Age, Height, and Weight
Determining Age, Height, and Weight
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Determining Age, Height, and Weight

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Determining Age, Height, and Weight

Determining Age, Height, and Weight

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  • 1. EQUINE MEDICINE Determining Age, Height, and Weight
  • 2. Age Classifications • Foal • Weanling • Yearling • Colt • Stallion • Filly • Mare
  • 3. Teeth • Incisors • Centrals • Intermediates • Corners • Canines • May or may not be present • Molars • 24 in adult
  • 4. Teeth • Deciduous • 8 days • 8 weeks • 8 months • Permanent • 2 ½-3 yrs • 3 ½-4 yrs • 4 ½-5 yrs Incisors
  • 5. Teeth • Cups • Center of infundibulum of tooth • Disappears as horse ages, gone by 8 yrs of age (becomes enamel spot) • Dental Star • Pulp cavity of tooth • Appears at 8 yrs of age in first incisor • Grows larger & darker as horse ages
  • 6. Teeth • Angle • Forward and out with age • Surface • Shape changes with age
  • 7. Teeth • Tooth Structure • Crown • Root • Enamel • Cement • Dentin • Pulp Cavity
  • 8. Teeth • Tooth Eruption • < 2 weeks • Central incisors • 4-6 weeks • Intermediate incisors • 6-10 months • Corner incisors • 1st premolars • 12 months • Dental star
  • 9. Teeth • 2 yrs • All incisors in wear • 2nd molar erupts • 2 ½ yrs • Central molars permanent • 3 yrs • Central molar in wear • 3rd premolar erupts • 3 ½ yrs • Intermediate molars permanent
  • 10. Teeth • 4 yrs • Canine teeth • 4th premolar eruption • 3rd molar eruption • 4 ½ yrs • Corner incisor eruption • 5 yrs • All incisors in wear
  • 11. Teeth 6 years 7 years 8 years 9 years
  • 12. Teeth • 10 yrs • Galvayne’s groove • 11 yrs • Incisor hook • 12 yrs • Dental star-central • 13 yrs • Elongation of teeth • 15 yrs • Galvayne’s groove ½ way down tooth 10 years 11 years 12 years 13 years 14 years 15 years
  • 13. Teeth • 17 yrs • Lower incisors triangular • Angle increasing • 20 yrs • Galvayne’s groove entire length of tooth 16 years 17 years 18 years
  • 14. Teeth • Abnormalities • Parrot mouth • Monkey mouth
  • 15. Teeth • Abnormalities • Cribbing • Bishoping
  • 16. Teeth • Floating • May alter tooth appearance
  • 17. Aging • Face depressions • Pronounced poll • Hollows above eyes • Back hollows • Angular joints • White hairs
  • 18. Height • 1 hand=4 inches • Measure from ground to the highest point of the withers
  • 19. Weight • Truck or animal scale • Weight tape • Body weight formula

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