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Hacking the public sphere

Hacking the public sphere



How to crowd-produce the public space? How can we conceive new models for social networks?...

How to crowd-produce the public space? How can we conceive new models for social networks?

Those slides are from a presentation I gave for the launch event of the Creative Exchange, a UK program involving academics and companies.



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    Hacking the public sphere Hacking the public sphere Presentation Transcript

    • Hacking the public spherefrom Sharing to Cognitive Commons Clément Renaud @clemsos www.sharismlab.com
    • About Sharism Lab #Sharism Lab is an sharing, learning,independent research center social networks, hack, china, urban...based in Chinaexperimental methodology& community to empowersociety by sharing founded by Isaac Mao
    • Digital social sphereFrom public to individual sphere
    • Private
    • Private
    • PublicPrivate
    • PublicPrivate
    • PublicSocialPrivate WEB
    • Public sphere & social spaces (cafès, salons...)Lecture de la tragédie de lorphelin de la Chine de Voltaire dans le salon de madame Geoffrin. - by Lemmoneit (1812)
    • Millions of services blooming!
    • Wikipedia actualises Aufklärung :better knowledge, better societyDiderot & dAlembert Wikipedia 1751-1772 2001- 2012+
    • Public sphere = production of elite? Habermas coined the term public sphere ...... as "bourgeois" :projection ofprivate interests asa public sphere
    • Technology as areflect of social production
    • Digital public sphere structure(accumulation)
    • Who is producing the toolsto build this digital public sphere ?
    • 404 : Page not found
    • Great Firewall in China Fang Binxing, Chief engineer of the Great Firewall
    • Appropriation of technologyHow is produced technology? Who owns knowledge?
    • Build a common memory : crowd produce Sharing to build our public sphere
    • Crowd are not masses
    • New way to produce : the crowd- QuoraWe-report is a crowdfunding website crowdsource for news in Chinese answers
    • Crowdfunding support Jue.so
    • How to maketechnologies differently?Changes in culturalindustriesProduce less,but more specific ex. Harvard Book Store print-on-demand
    • Fab Lab : just what you needSmall-scaleworkshopoffering(personal)digitalfabrication(from Wikipedia) Fab Lab in Amsterdam
    • 3d printer for USD 1800created in NYC Resistorprint objectssolve problems locallyshare YOUR solution aaM akerbot
    • From DIY to DIO+ produce in smallquantity+ design products thatfit our needs = identifyour needs !+ create objects weneed / love with others Arduino provides open- source hardware to create objects.
    • Answer requests from the market● local production “made in my city”● very high personalization “made only for me”● direct customer relation “made by my old friend in Canada”● valorization of customer experience “I found exactly what I needed”● etc.
    • What about knowledge?Not everyone is anengineer !How to use thosemachine?How to design anobject?
    • Learn at low cost : hack !China counterfeitproducts Shanzhai 山寨 subverting industry copy = create ?
    • Open courses : lifetime learningManyuniversities arenow openingtheir coursesonline to publicaudience(MOOC)
    • From DIY to DIO :Collective individuation Xinchejian, a hackerspace in Shanghai
    • Hack to learn,share your skills with society "Quit your stupid job !" Mitch Altman, father of hackerspaces
    • Get the meaning back into socialIdentify problemsaround youInvolve friends andstrangers to solvereal-life designproblemsCreate small-scalesustainable business
    • How to grow plants in 1m²? From Xinchejian, Shanghai hackerspace
    • Technology as individuationan ongoing process to become human
    • Technologies are memoriesTechnology is anexternalization of ourmemories to face theimpossibility oftransmission to othersLeroi-Gourhan
    • 3 types / scales of memoriesGenetic Sensitive Externalmemory memory memory
    • How tocrowd produce our public sphere ?How to do it?Should wedestroy themachines?Are they friends orfoes? Luddites destroying their work tool
    • Towards cognitive commonsHaps and mishaps of the social brain
    • Semantic Web and the machine● Linked Data● Internet of Things● Smart cities● Ontologies...Semantic Web aimsat explaining ourhuman world to themachines(so they can help us...)
    • Why are we building machines?What should we do with the human?Are we updating Will robots save theSkynet? earth?
    • Technology is not a free gift We should face issues before the crashThreat AND Salvation
    • Privacy : Get your data back !build a personal data spaceKeep your things inyour pocket ! Maketing company asked :Control access to yourdata through different Do you want to share yourrequests (family, browsing history for $10 perfriends, boss, month?marketing company,etc.)
    • Social computingPublic data spaceShare computing powerusing existing devices Create public data spaces
    • New data geographycreating public space around technology Photos du projet Dakar Dead Drop Fiction
    • Social clusteringdistributed structure A structure reflecting dynamics of group and communities
    • Digital public spaceshould empower the societyWhat you need isneeded by others.Take the space tomake it Solar powered traffic lights presented in Maker Faire Africa 2010
    • Describe new modelsbased on common approachSharing is an actSharing is rewardedSharing is (co-)creating Sharism
    • Describe societyIdentify needsSolve problemsChallenge yourself HackDefine ideasFind your space andLearn in doing shareDesign thingsMake stuff !!Watch other improve it.... then start again !
    • Thanks !@sharimlab Questions?