Hacking the public sphere


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How to crowd-produce the public space? How can we conceive new models for social networks?

Those slides are from a presentation I gave for the launch event of the Creative Exchange, a UK program involving academics and companies.

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Hacking the public sphere

  1. 1. Hacking the public spherefrom Sharing to Cognitive Commons Clément Renaud @clemsos www.sharismlab.com
  2. 2. About Sharism Lab #Sharism Lab is an sharing, learning,independent research center social networks, hack, china, urban...based in Chinaexperimental methodology& community to empowersociety by sharing founded by Isaac Mao
  3. 3. Digital social sphereFrom public to individual sphere
  4. 4. Private
  5. 5. Private
  6. 6. PublicPrivate
  7. 7. PublicPrivate
  8. 8. PublicSocialPrivate WEB
  9. 9. Public sphere & social spaces (cafès, salons...)Lecture de la tragédie de lorphelin de la Chine de Voltaire dans le salon de madame Geoffrin. - by Lemmoneit (1812)
  10. 10. Millions of services blooming!
  11. 11. Wikipedia actualises Aufklärung :better knowledge, better societyDiderot & dAlembert Wikipedia 1751-1772 2001- 2012+
  12. 12. Public sphere = production of elite? Habermas coined the term public sphere ...... as "bourgeois" :projection ofprivate interests asa public sphere
  13. 13. Technology as areflect of social production
  14. 14. Digital public sphere structure(accumulation)
  15. 15. Who is producing the toolsto build this digital public sphere ?
  16. 16. 404 : Page not found
  17. 17. Great Firewall in China Fang Binxing, Chief engineer of the Great Firewall
  18. 18. Appropriation of technologyHow is produced technology? Who owns knowledge?
  19. 19. Build a common memory : crowd produce Sharing to build our public sphere
  20. 20. Crowd are not masses
  21. 21. New way to produce : the crowd- QuoraWe-report is a crowdfunding website crowdsource for news in Chinese answers
  22. 22. Crowdfunding support Jue.so
  23. 23. How to maketechnologies differently?Changes in culturalindustriesProduce less,but more specific ex. Harvard Book Store print-on-demand
  24. 24. Fab Lab : just what you needSmall-scaleworkshopoffering(personal)digitalfabrication(from Wikipedia) Fab Lab in Amsterdam
  25. 25. 3d printer for USD 1800created in NYC Resistorprint objectssolve problems locallyshare YOUR solution aaM akerbot
  26. 26. From DIY to DIO+ produce in smallquantity+ design products thatfit our needs = identifyour needs !+ create objects weneed / love with others Arduino provides open- source hardware to create objects.
  27. 27. Answer requests from the market● local production “made in my city”● very high personalization “made only for me”● direct customer relation “made by my old friend in Canada”● valorization of customer experience “I found exactly what I needed”● etc.
  28. 28. What about knowledge?Not everyone is anengineer !How to use thosemachine?How to design anobject?
  29. 29. Learn at low cost : hack !China counterfeitproducts Shanzhai 山寨 subverting industry copy = create ?
  30. 30. Open courses : lifetime learningManyuniversities arenow openingtheir coursesonline to publicaudience(MOOC)
  31. 31. From DIY to DIO :Collective individuation Xinchejian, a hackerspace in Shanghai
  32. 32. Hack to learn,share your skills with society "Quit your stupid job !" Mitch Altman, father of hackerspaces
  33. 33. Get the meaning back into socialIdentify problemsaround youInvolve friends andstrangers to solvereal-life designproblemsCreate small-scalesustainable business
  34. 34. How to grow plants in 1m²? From Xinchejian, Shanghai hackerspace
  35. 35. Technology as individuationan ongoing process to become human
  36. 36. Technologies are memoriesTechnology is anexternalization of ourmemories to face theimpossibility oftransmission to othersLeroi-Gourhan
  37. 37. 3 types / scales of memoriesGenetic Sensitive Externalmemory memory memory
  38. 38. How tocrowd produce our public sphere ?How to do it?Should wedestroy themachines?Are they friends orfoes? Luddites destroying their work tool
  39. 39. Towards cognitive commonsHaps and mishaps of the social brain
  40. 40. Semantic Web and the machine● Linked Data● Internet of Things● Smart cities● Ontologies...Semantic Web aimsat explaining ourhuman world to themachines(so they can help us...)
  41. 41. Why are we building machines?What should we do with the human?Are we updating Will robots save theSkynet? earth?
  42. 42. Technology is not a free gift We should face issues before the crashThreat AND Salvation
  43. 43. Privacy : Get your data back !build a personal data spaceKeep your things inyour pocket ! Maketing company asked :Control access to yourdata through different Do you want to share yourrequests (family, browsing history for $10 perfriends, boss, month?marketing company,etc.)
  44. 44. Social computingPublic data spaceShare computing powerusing existing devices Create public data spaces
  45. 45. New data geographycreating public space around technology Photos du projet Dakar Dead Drop Fiction
  46. 46. Social clusteringdistributed structure A structure reflecting dynamics of group and communities
  47. 47. Digital public spaceshould empower the societyWhat you need isneeded by others.Take the space tomake it Solar powered traffic lights presented in Maker Faire Africa 2010
  48. 48. Describe new modelsbased on common approachSharing is an actSharing is rewardedSharing is (co-)creating Sharism
  49. 49. Describe societyIdentify needsSolve problemsChallenge yourself HackDefine ideasFind your space andLearn in doing shareDesign thingsMake stuff !!Watch other improve it.... then start again !
  50. 50. Thanks !@sharimlab Questions?