Engineering is Elementary<br />Clement Chau, Learning Team<br />
Goals<br />Learn about the what and why of engineering education<br />Explore some current research and educational initia...
Engineering<br />The design & development of tools, machines, materials, and processes to improve human lives<br />The app...
Engineering Education for Early Childhood Education<br />A new hot topic in early and elementary education<br />From after...
Why Engineering Education for ECE<br />Building a 21st Century Workforce<br />Developmentally Appropriate<br />
Statistics<br />By 2018, 8.6 million jobs in the US will require a degree in STEM (Georgetown U.)<br />By 4th grade, 1/3 o...
Source: OECD, PISA, 2009<br />
Why Engineering Education for ECE<br />Building a 21st Century Workforce<br />Developmentally Appropriate<br />
Constructionism<br />Seymour Papert (1980) of MIT Media Lab<br />Learning happens when we are actively building tangible o...
What is Engineering Ed?<br />Teaching children to identify, understand, and solve real-life problems<br />Providing the to...
National Curricula<br />Massachusetts is the only state with a distinct Engineering framework<br />Many states including t...
Key Strands for K-2<br />Materials and Tools<br />Engineering Design<br />
Materials and Tools<br />
Engineering Design<br />
Engineering Design<br />Design Challenge<br />Pose a problem<br />Identify the parameters<br />Specify the desired outcome...
Design Environments<br />Building & Tinkering<br />Construction manipulatives<br />Tangible objects that can be examined a...
Lego Simple Machines<br />Lego Education DUPLO construction kit<br />Complete kit comes with teachers’ guide, curriculum, ...
Design Environments<br />Building & Tinkering<br />Construction manipulatives<br />Tangible objects that can be examined a...
Scratch<br />Programming language & environment<br />Developed by the Lifelong Kindergarten group at the MIT Media Lab<br ...
Design Environments<br />Building & Tinkering<br />Construction manipulatives<br />Tangible objects that can be examined a...
Lego WeDo<br />Lego Robotics Kit for elementary school<br />Developed as a collaboration between Lego and the Lifelong Kin...
CHERP<br />A hybrid programming interface for robotics<br />Created by the Developmental Technologies Research Group at Tu...
Discussion<br />Q & A<br />Relevance to LF? Ideas?<br />
Additional Resources<br />Engineering is Elementary (MOS): http://www.mos.org/eie/<br />MIT Scratch:http://scratch.mit.edu...
Demo Session<br />
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Engineering is elementary

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An introduction to the importance of engineering education in our schools and few examples of innovations to engage children in engineering thinking.

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  • Today’s talk is about ……
  • First, let’s establish a definition of Engineering. There are many branches of engineering, with a history dating back to antiquity. But in general, engineering can be defined as….
  • Why are we talking about engineering education for early childhood education?
  • Recent emphasis on technology and engineering education for young children stems from two sourcesMany initiatives coming from both private and the public sectors to strengthen STEM education to prepare a workforce that is ready for 21st C. jobsCulmination of years of research in education, and a new field called the Learning Sciences, on leveraging engineering and new technology to engage children’s critical thinking and bridge curricular disciplines
  • Emphasis on STEM education
  • By 10th grade, we lack behind many other countries.This is the often cited statistic on how US compares to other countries in STEM scores.
  • Recent emphasis on technology and engineering education for young children stems from two sourcesMany initiatives coming from both private and the public sectors to strengthen STEM education to prepare a workforce that is ready for 21st C. jobsCulmination of years of research in education, and a new field called the Learning Sciences, on leveraging engineering and new technology to engage children’s critical thinking and bridge curricular disciplines
  • A lot of work around engineering education, especially those that deal with computer-based learning environment, stem from the work of Seymour Papert, most noted for his work on the Logo programming language.
  • National CurriculaITEEA = International Technology and Engineering Educators Association
  • How do teachers approach engineering design in the early childhood classroom?
  • How do teachers approach engineering design in the early childhood classroom?
  • How do teachers approach engineering design in the early childhood classroom?
  • Scratch
  • How do teachers approach engineering design in the early childhood classroom?
  • Creative Hybrid Environment for Robotic Programming
  • Additional Resources
  • Engineering is elementary

    1. 1. Engineering is Elementary<br />Clement Chau, Learning Team<br />
    2. 2.
    3. 3.
    4. 4. Goals<br />Learn about the what and why of engineering education<br />Explore some current research and educational initiatives on engineering education<br />Questions and Ideas<br />Play!<br />
    5. 5. Engineering<br />The design & development of tools, machines, materials, and processes to improve human lives<br />The application of mathematics and scientific knowledge to solve problems<br />Scientists study the world as it is; engineers create the world that has never been. -Theodore von Kármán<br />
    6. 6. Engineering Education for Early Childhood Education<br />A new hot topic in early and elementary education<br />From after-school robotics to standardized K-12 curriculum<br />Interdisciplinary in nature, with an emphasis on problem solving & critical thinking<br />Developmentally appropriate<br />Research support for engineering education<br />
    7. 7. Why Engineering Education for ECE<br />Building a 21st Century Workforce<br />Developmentally Appropriate<br />
    8. 8. Statistics<br />By 2018, 8.6 million jobs in the US will require a degree in STEM (Georgetown U.)<br />By 4th grade, 1/3 of students lose interests in STEM<br />By 8th grade, 50% of students see STEM as irrelevant<br />
    9. 9. Source: OECD, PISA, 2009<br />
    10. 10. Why Engineering Education for ECE<br />Building a 21st Century Workforce<br />Developmentally Appropriate<br />
    11. 11. Constructionism<br />Seymour Papert (1980) of MIT Media Lab<br />Learning happens when we are actively building tangible objects in the real world<br />Children construct their own understanding of objects around them as they mainpulate with tangible objects<br />Building and constructing with models<br />
    12. 12. What is Engineering Ed?<br />Teaching children to identify, understand, and solve real-life problems<br />Providing the tools, knowledge, and thinking skills needed to design and build solutions<br />Offering a space or environment in which children can “practice” engineering<br />
    13. 13. National Curricula<br />Massachusetts is the only state with a distinct Engineering framework<br />Many states including technology or design as part of the state’s science curriculum framework<br />Other organizations have published complete curricula, such as<br /> “Engineering is Elementary” - MOS-Boston<br />“Engineering by Design” - ITEEA<br />
    14. 14. Key Strands for K-2<br />Materials and Tools<br />Engineering Design<br />
    15. 15. Materials and Tools<br />
    16. 16. Engineering Design<br />
    17. 17. Engineering Design<br />Design Challenge<br />Pose a problem<br />Identify the parameters<br />Specify the desired outcomes<br />Design Journal<br />Guide children thru the engineering design process<br />Encourage children to predictions and documenting results<br />Foster early literacy <br />
    18. 18. Design Environments<br />Building & Tinkering<br />Construction manipulatives<br />Tangible objects that can be examined and tested<br />A focus on the prototype and refinement process<br />Programming<br />Programming environment<br />Virtual manipulatives that can be easily modified with immediately observable results<br />A focus on the debugging process<br />
    19. 19. Lego Simple Machines<br />Lego Education DUPLO construction kit<br />Complete kit comes with teachers’ guide, curriculum, and activity pages<br />Designed for Preschool & Kindergarteners<br />
    20. 20.
    21. 21. Design Environments<br />Building & Tinkering<br />Construction manipulatives<br />Tangible objects that can be examined and tested<br />A focus on the prototype and refinement process<br />Programming<br />Programming environment<br />Virtual manipulatives that can be easily modified with immediately observable results<br />A focus on the debugging process<br />
    22. 22. Scratch<br />Programming language & environment<br />Developed by the Lifelong Kindergarten group at the MIT Media Lab<br />Specifically designed for 6 – 16 yos<br />
    23. 23.
    24. 24. Design Environments<br />Building & Tinkering<br />Construction manipulatives<br />Tangible objects that can be examined and tested<br />A focus on the prototype and refinement process<br />Programming<br />Programming environment<br />Virtual manipulatives that can be easily modified with immediately observable results<br />A focus on the debugging process<br />Robotics<br />
    25. 25. Lego WeDo<br />Lego Robotics Kit for elementary school<br />Developed as a collaboration between Lego and the Lifelong Kindergarten Group at the MIT Media Lab (Mitchel Resnick and others)<br />Designed for 7+, but appropriate for 5+<br />
    26. 26.
    27. 27. CHERP<br />A hybrid programming interface for robotics<br />Created by the Developmental Technologies Research Group at Tufts University (Marina Bers and others)<br />Designed for 4+<br />Funded by the NSF<br />
    28. 28.
    29. 29. Discussion<br />Q & A<br />Relevance to LF? Ideas?<br />
    30. 30. Additional Resources<br />Engineering is Elementary (MOS): http://www.mos.org/eie/<br />MIT Scratch:http://scratch.mit.edu/<br />MIT Media Lab, Lifelong Kindergarten: http://llk.media.mit.edu/<br />Lego Education: http://www.legoeducation.us/<br />Tufts DevTech: http://ase.tufts.edu/devtech/<br />
    31. 31. Demo Session<br />

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