The Inner City
Causes of inner city decline
High population out migration figures
Many boarded up shops
Many empty & derelict properties
The closing of schools & low levels of
High levels of unemployment
High incidences of crime, vandalism &
Low levels of participation in local
Causes of inner city
A) Deindustrialisation – between 1960-81
1.6mn manufacturing jobs were lost in
major urban areas.
This led to unemployment in inner city areas
of former industrial regions of Liverpool,
Unemployment was very high among the
poorly skilled and ethnic minorities.
B) Population loss & social decline
– the more skilled & affluent people
moved to search for better
employment opportunities, they also
desired larger houses with open space,
and now the countryside was more
Low quality housing
Unsightly overgrown wasteland
Few amenities, such as parks or play areas.
Bleak concrete dominated landscape, with
urban motorways & flyovers.
What would it be like
to live in these tower
Inner city high rise
They lacked a community feel
They were poorly ventilated & suffered from
Expensive to heat
Poorly designed open spaces – no one cared
Poorly designed led to ‘hidden paces’ where
hooliganism & criminal activity took place.
Many have now been demolished.