The Inner City

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The Inner City

  1. 1. The Inner City Characteristics & Causes of inner city decline
  2. 2. Characteristics  High population out migration figures  Many boarded up shops  Many empty & derelict properties  The closing of schools & low levels of education  High levels of unemployment  High incidences of crime, vandalism & graffiti  Low levels of participation in local democracy
  3. 3. Causes of inner city decline  A) Deindustrialisation – between 1960-81 1.6mn manufacturing jobs were lost in major urban areas.  This led to unemployment in inner city areas of former industrial regions of Liverpool, Sheffield, Glasgow….  Unemployment was very high among the poorly skilled and ethnic minorities.
  4. 4.  B) Population loss & social decline – the more skilled & affluent people moved to search for better employment opportunities, they also desired larger houses with open space, and now the countryside was more easily accessible.
  5. 5. Poor physical environment  Low quality housing  Derelict properties  Vacant factories  Unsightly overgrown wasteland  Vandalism, graffiti.  Few amenities, such as parks or play areas.  Bleak concrete dominated landscape, with urban motorways & flyovers.
  6. 6. What would it be like to live in these tower blocks?
  7. 7. Inner city high rise developments  They lacked a community feel  They were poorly ventilated & suffered from damp  Expensive to heat  Poorly designed open spaces – no one cared – vandalism  Poorly designed led to ‘hidden paces’ where hooliganism & criminal activity took place. Many have now been demolished.

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