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Advantages: good motorway links, own bus station, 11,000 free parking spaces, services (banks, PO, travel agents), crèche, weatherproof & air con, disabled facilities.
Disadvantages: Congestion & pressure on local roads, artificial atmosphere, big chains, as too expensive for local shops, effected Manchester’s CBD – Marks & Spencer's realised there mistake when they first didn’t chose to locate in the centre. Some stores have left central Manchester.
In recent years the Government has tried to reduce pressure on the RUF by encouraging development of brownfield sites over greenfield sites, and stopping any more out of town shopping centres from being built.
Why build on Brownfield Sites? - many areas have unoccupied houses which could be upgraded - brownfield sites already have utilities such as water and gas pipes - development in urban as opposed to rural areas can help reduce reliance on cars
GreenBelts - countryside area around an urban area which are protected from development to restrict urban sprawl Brownfield Site - an area of land previously build on where developments have been demolished and new building can take place Greenfield Site - an area of countryside never built on before
Out-of-town Shopping Centres - large retail developments found in out-of-town locations close to major transport links.
Rural-urban fringe - where urban areas meet the surrounding countryside
Urban Sprawl - uncontrolled growth on the edge of a settlement