Population Fertility *Understand how fertility is measured and gain an appreciation of the values relative to a range of countries. *Explain how fertility is influenced by a range of factors.
Crude Birth Rate (CBR) The most common measure of fertility.
The number of births, per 1000 people in the population, per year.
General Fertility Rate This in an indicator of the number of likely births.
It is an index of the number of live births in a year divided by the number of women aged between 15 and 49.
* Total Fertility Rate (TFR) The average number of children born to a woman during her lifetime.
Measurements of fertility
Define crude birth rate, general fertility rate and total fertility rate, and gain an appreciation of their values relative to a range of countries with different economic and social development levels.
Sociocultural factors and fertility
Explain how fertility is influenced by factors including the status of women, level of education, nature of employment, type of residence, religion, health care and family status.
Economic factors and fertility
Understand how fertility is influenced by the real and perceived cost of having children.
Spatial patterns of fertility
Appreciate the broad, global patterns of fertility and be able to describe and account for these patterns.
This map shows the proportion of the world's total births for each territory . 133,121,000 babies were born in the year 2000. In countries with the fewest births per person, more people are dying than are being born. As with all population statistics, even this vital one, figures are rough estimates. More children are born each year in Africa than are born in the Americas, all of Europe and Japan put together. Worldwide, more than a third of a million new people will be born on your birthday this year.
Diverging Trends in Fertility Reduction Average number of children per woman Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision , 2005.
10 Places With the Lowest Total Fertility Worldwide Average number of children per woman, 2000-2005 Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision , 2005.