1980s: Asking families to have fewer children during the 1970s had not worked so in 1979 the One Child Policy was introduced. Strong pressure was put on women to use contraception. There were even people known as ‘granny police’ whose job it was to watch their neighbours to make sure they were taking the pill. If they suspected women were pregnant without permission they were reported to the authorities. Some women were forced to have abortions and sterilisations.
1990s: The policy has been deemed a failure. At a meeting in Peking in 1989 delegates were told there would be around 120mn more Chinese people than had been planned.
2000: Policy has been relaxed, but you are still fined heavily is you have more than one child.
Birth control measure seem to be working in the cities.
In the Shaanxi Province there are 145 males born for every 100 females born.
This leads to large numbers of unmarried men.
The baby boom of the 1950s means China has a large greying population.
The policy means there are low numbers of younger people to support the old.
Children with no brothers and sisters receive a great deal of attention – spoilt.
In rural areas problems have risen as they need the children to help on the farm. They go to great lengths to ensure the first child born is male. If the first child is a girl the child may be disposed or killed (female infanticide)