Changes In Rural Settlements In The UkPresentation Transcript
Changes in rural settlements in the UK Case study: Isle of Purbeck Case study taken from AQA AS Geography (Philip Allen)
Remote rural villages in the UK are declining whereas accessible rural-urban fringe areas are expanding. Consequences?
Consequences of decline
Many people left – elderly with limited means.
Houses brought as second homes – ghost town effect for most of the year.
Deprivation sets in, as many cannot afford to move away.
Sense of isolation
Effects on services – many close.
Consequences of expansion
Creation of several small, new housing estates, often with houses that local people cannot afford.
Increased congestion as many families have 2 or more cars.
Dormitory villages, little life during the day.
Conflicts between established villagers and new comers.
Changes to Services CHANGES FOR THE BETTER CHANGES FOR THE WORSE SERVICE Grants General decline. Village halls Grants available & mini health centres set up. Decline in dental facilities, many GP surgeries close. Primary health care Mobile libraries increase. Service cut. Libraries More nurseries, grants to support small schools, shared headships. Ageing pop – falling school number – closure. Wealthy educate privately. Village schools Grants available for community buses, such as postal bus service – combines letter delivery. Passenger numbers fall -people move out / new comers have cars. Closure of uneconomic routes. Public Transport Cooperation between PO and banks to provide combined services. Many down graded to hole in the wall of part time facilities. Post Offices New types created, such as farm shops & garage shops. Many stores have closed. Supermarkets in nearby towns open longer, cheaper & free bus. Food shops
The Isle of Purbeck
Isle of Purbeck
SE part of the Purbeck district in Dorset.
200km ² bounded by sea from the S and E, by the River Frome & Poole Harbour to the N.
Remote rural district. One town Swanage – seaside resort.
A351 – provide direct link to Poole- Bournemouth conurbation (500,000 people).
Important dormitory function – commuter traffic at peak periods.
Population has increased over last 40yrs – 44, 000 in 2001. Popular area for retirement, so pop is considerably older than UK average. Out migration of younger adults searching for jobs & lower cost housing.
Natural decrease exists due to high DR and low BR.
House prices high due to – commuters, retirees, 2 nd homeowners, in-migrants.
Local employment opportunities ltd & wages low.
Decline in services – few general stores, 3 out of 4 villages no general store, 38 rural PO have closed since 91, 35 petrol stations have closed since 91 & 8 villages have lost their only pub.
Public transport in limited.
6 village surgeries have opened.
Parishes have grouped together and priest work on rota basis.
Tourism function will have positive impact on services available.
Extra mini bus coverage – through volunteer schemes, limited extent.