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# Undersatnding Compare & Contrast in Reading

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Learn about compare and contrast language as well as how a Venn Diagram can help you sort through similarities and differences when reading.

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• Welcome to EPA… Reading Module 3, Reading Comprehensions Skills, Compare and Contrast
• A Venn diagram can help illustrate how two things or ideas or groups might be the same and how they might be different. A Venn diagram consists of overlapping circles. Where the cicles overlapp is where we see things that are alike about the two topics. So if we look here we can see….
• Let’s look at an example of a paragraph that compares and contrasts
• Take 15 seconds to read this paragraph on Sharks
• Now let’s analyse the similarities and differences…
• Here is the information represented in a Venn Diagram…
Now we’re going to look at information on a website…
• Here is some information on 2 types of lighting from the BC Hydro website. Take 30 seconds to look it over
• Now let’s highlight the relevant information….
• Here’s the information represented in a Venn Diagram- note no information was presented that explained any similarities.
• With compare and contrast, we can often find language that indicates something is being compared or contasted….
• Now let’s look at contrasting language….
• ### Undersatnding Compare & Contrast in Reading

1. 1. Reading Comprehension SkillsReading Comprehension Skills Compare & ContrastCompare & Contrast
2. 2. ComparingComparing How something is the same or similar. How are a pencil and a piece of chalk the same? You use both to write with. They are both long and round.
3. 3. ContrastingContrasting How something is different. Pencil: Used to write on paper. Color is black. Chalk: Used to write on a black board. Color is white
4. 4. Using a Venn DiagramUsing a Venn Diagram Pencil Used on paper black Chalk blackboard white Alike Used to write long and round Different Different
5. 5. Comparing & ContrastingComparing & Contrasting Reading a paragraph or document about two or more things can be confusing. You can sort out the information by looking to see how they are the same and how they are different. Doing this can help you understand what you are reading.
6. 6. SharksSharks The great white shark lives in the deep, cold seas. It will attack large animals such as sea lions. The bull shark lives mostly in shallow waters. It is sometimes found in rivers. These sharks are both very good swimmers and hunters. Both kinds of sharks have lots of teeth.
7. 7. SharksSharks This paragraph compares The great white shark and the bull shark. Comparing: What kind of swimmer are both sharks? very good How many teeth do these sharks have? lots of teeth Contrasting Where does the great white shark live? deep, cold seas Where does the bull shark live? shallow waters
8. 8. Venn DiagramVenn Diagram Alike Very good swimmers Lots of teeth Great white shark Deep, cold seas Bull shark Shallow water
9. 9. Comparing 2 Types of LightingComparing 2 Types of Lighting
10. 10. Highlighting Relevant InformationHighlighting Relevant Information
11. 11. Compare and ContrastCompare and Contrast
12. 12. Key PhrasesKey Phrases
13. 13. More Key PhrasesMore Key Phrases Key words commonly used to express comparison include: like same too similar In the same way as most important have in common the same as similarly alike as well as both
14. 14. Contrasting Key PhrasesContrasting Key Phrases although yet whereas however but while differ instead unless unlike on the contrary contrary to in contrast even though on the other hand the reverse
15. 15. ConclusionConclusion Sorting out similarities and differences can help you understand a text Look for key words and phrases to help you determine the similarities and differences of 2 or more things, topics or concepts Use a Venn diagram to help you visualize the similarities and differences
16. 16. SourcesSources http://www.bchydro.com/powersmart/techn http://languagearts.pppst.com/compare-cont