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Paraphrasing- a Reading Comprehension Skill
Paraphrasing- a Reading Comprehension Skill
Paraphrasing- a Reading Comprehension Skill
Paraphrasing- a Reading Comprehension Skill
Paraphrasing- a Reading Comprehension Skill
Paraphrasing- a Reading Comprehension Skill
Paraphrasing- a Reading Comprehension Skill
Paraphrasing- a Reading Comprehension Skill
Paraphrasing- a Reading Comprehension Skill
Paraphrasing- a Reading Comprehension Skill
Paraphrasing- a Reading Comprehension Skill
Paraphrasing- a Reading Comprehension Skill
Paraphrasing- a Reading Comprehension Skill
Paraphrasing- a Reading Comprehension Skill
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Paraphrasing- a Reading Comprehension Skill

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Learn about the role of Paraphrasing in Reading Comprehension

Learn about the role of Paraphrasing in Reading Comprehension

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  • Welcome to EPA…. Reading Module 2 Reading Comprehension Skills, Paraphrasing
  • Basically what does this mean in my own words… We usually paraphrase part of a text – if we are discussing a whole text or document, we are often summarizing and not paraphrasing
  • Cue Card #2
  • Cue Card #8 We are going to look at this article and look at some techniques in paraphrasing. Take 30 seconds to read it.
  • Here is the article again, but we have highlighted key words and phrases. Now let’s take a sentence from the article and paraphrase it using certain techniques.
  • Cue Card #3
  • Cue Card #4
  • Cue Card #11Here is an example of a different type of document – take 15 seconds to skim it. Notice the headings
  • Let’s highlight key words and phrases
  • Here are some examples of information from the text that has been paraphrased
  • Let’s highlight key words and phrases
  • Transcript

    • 1. Reading Comprehension Skills Paraphrasing
    • 2. Paraphrasing means putting information into your own words
      • You can paraphrase:
        • A single word
        • A phrase or group of words
        • A sentence or sentences
        • An image
        • A chart
        • A table or graph
    • 3. Why paraphrase?
      • When we paraphrase…
        • we demonstrate our comprehension of a written text
        • we demonstrate our comprehension of a spoken text
        • we enhance our understanding of a text by putting it in our own words
      • If you can explain something in your own words, then you have a good understanding of a topic
    • 4. Characteristics of a Good Paraphrase
      • A paraphrase must be correct . ✓
      • A paraphrase must include your own words
      • A paraphrase must make sense .
    • 5. Example Paragraph from a Newspaper Article
    • 6. Notice key words
      • Let’s look at our article again, but we will highlight key words and phrases:
      • The information at
      • the bottom of the
      • page is details
    • 7. How to paraphrase?
      • Here are some ideas for creating your own words for the headline:
      • “ Vancouver company creates GPS-enabled goggles to deliver instant feedback for skiing and snowboarding”
      • Synonyms
      • A synonym is a word that has the same meaning or a very close
      • meaning to the original word.
      • Examples :
      • A synonym for Vancouver company is a local company .
      • A synonym for GPS-enabled goggles is goggles with GPS
      • A synonym for instant is immediate .
      • You do not have to change every word – certain key words cannot be changed
      • Our paraphrase now reads:
      • A local company creates goggles with GPS to deliver immediate feedback for skiing and snowboarding
    • 8. How else do I paraphrase?
      • Grammar and Word Form
      • Another idea is to change the grammar or word form:
      • “ Skiing and snowboarding has taken on a new high tech twist.”
      • Could become:
      • A new high tech innovation has been developed for skiers and snowboarders
      • Note the active to the passive voice and the verb change: has taken on = has been developed
      • Note the the synonym for twist = innovation
      • Note the word form change for skiing = skiers
      • Note the word form change for snowboarding = snowboarders
    • 9. Other Types of Documents: Graph Example
    • 10. Highlighted Information
    • 11. Paraphrased Information
      • Employment statistics remained fairly constant in September with a slight drop
      • Decrease in part time work was balanced with an increase in full time jobs
      • Young people aged 15-24 were especially affected.
    • 12. Highlighted Information
    • 13. Conclusion
      • When we paraphrase, we put parts of a text into our own words
      • Paraphrasing demonstrates understanding– if you can explain it in your own words, you have a good understanding of an idea or phrase
      • To paraphrase, use such techniques as synonyms, changing grammar and word forms
    • 14. Sources
      • http://www.slideworld.com/slideshows.aspx/The-Fundamentals-of-Summarizing-and-Paraphrasing-ppt-968465
      • www.quia.com
      • http://www.statcan.gc.ca/subjects-sujets/labour-travail/lfs-epa/lfs-epa-eng.htm
      • http://communities.canada.com/vancouversun/blogs/techsense/archive/2010/10/01/gps-enabled-goggles-deliver-instant-feedback-on-your-skiing-and-snowboarding.aspx?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+canada%2FiWCa+%28Digital+Life%29
      • www.esu.edu/~bsockman/PPT/ paraphrasing.ppt

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