CNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Researchhttp://www.iia.cnr.it   TRAFFIC IMPACT ANALYSIS AND    FUTURE CHALLENGES FO...
THE CONTRIBUTION OF TRANSPORT ON GHG                          EMISSIONS    The transport sector plays a crucial and growin...
AIR POLLUTANT EMISSIONS IN EUCNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Researchhttp://www.iia.cnr.it
PM10 CONCENTRATIONCNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Researchhttp://www.iia.cnr.it
NO2 CONCENTRATIONCNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Researchhttp://www.iia.cnr.it
AIR POLLUTION AND HUMAN HEALTHAbout 100 000 deaths a year could be linked to ambient air pollution in cities in the WHOEur...
AIR POLLUTION AND HUMAN HEALTHCNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Researchhttp://www.iia.cnr.it
AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT AND HEALTHCNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Researchhttp://www.iia.cnr.it
HOW TRAFFIC AFFECTS AIR POLLUTION IN CITIESCNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Researchhttp://www.iia.cnr.it
HOW TO REDUCE EMISSIONS FROM TRAFFIC?                There are three primary ways to reduce               greenhouse gas e...
PARIS AND LONDON       London : charging station       •I want to rapidly accelerate the uptake of electric vehicles and m...
BEST PRACTICES SELECTED: LOGISTIC SYSTEMSVicenza: V.E.LO.CE. (Vicenza Eco-Logistic Center) All goods destined for the zone...
BEST PRACTICES SELECTED: CONGESTION TAX London •Number of vehicles declined by 18%. •Traffic delays cut by 25%. •7-15% dec...
KYOTO CLUB AND CIMO RECOMENDATIONS     Effective action on Urban Transport is central to achieving target on GHG     reduc...
Francesco PetracchiniCNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution ResearchEmail petracchini@iia.cnr.itWeb    www.iia.cnr.itAssoc...
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08 Francesco Petracchini CNR / TRAFFIC IMPACT ANALYSIS AND FUTURE CHALLENGES FOR A SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY

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Presentation from 30/11-2/12/2012 Roma Cleanweb Hackathon, see http://italy.cleanweb.co

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Transcript of "08 Francesco Petracchini CNR / TRAFFIC IMPACT ANALYSIS AND FUTURE CHALLENGES FOR A SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY"

  1. 1. CNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Researchhttp://www.iia.cnr.it TRAFFIC IMPACT ANALYSIS AND FUTURE CHALLENGES FOR A SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY Francesco Petracchini CNR - Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Research
  2. 2. THE CONTRIBUTION OF TRANSPORT ON GHG EMISSIONS The transport sector plays a crucial and growing role in world energy use and emissions of GHGs. In 2004, transport energy use amounted to 26% of total world energy use and the transport sector was responsible for about 23% of world energy-related GHG emissions (IEA, 2006b). Source: Based on data from World Business Council for Sustainable Development, Mobility 2030 Report: Meeting the Challenges to Sustainability, WCBSD, 2004.CNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Research 2http://www.iia.cnr.itc
  3. 3. AIR POLLUTANT EMISSIONS IN EUCNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Researchhttp://www.iia.cnr.it
  4. 4. PM10 CONCENTRATIONCNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Researchhttp://www.iia.cnr.it
  5. 5. NO2 CONCENTRATIONCNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Researchhttp://www.iia.cnr.it
  6. 6. AIR POLLUTION AND HUMAN HEALTHAbout 100 000 deaths a year could be linked to ambient air pollution in cities in the WHOEuropean Region, shortening life expectancy by an average of a year. Thenumber of casualties attributed to air pollution is comparable to the numberof fatalities from traffic accidents, and its imprint is observed in all age groups,including children (Valent et al., 2004).CNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Researchhttp://www.iia.cnr.it
  7. 7. AIR POLLUTION AND HUMAN HEALTHCNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Researchhttp://www.iia.cnr.it
  8. 8. AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT AND HEALTHCNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Researchhttp://www.iia.cnr.it
  9. 9. HOW TRAFFIC AFFECTS AIR POLLUTION IN CITIESCNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Researchhttp://www.iia.cnr.it
  10. 10. HOW TO REDUCE EMISSIONS FROM TRAFFIC? There are three primary ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from transport: AVOID SHIFT IMPROVE „ Reduce or Improve the energy Shift to more avoid travel or efficiency of trasport Environmentally the need to modes and vehicles friends mode travel technologyCNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Researchhttp://www.iia.cnr.it
  11. 11. PARIS AND LONDON London : charging station •I want to rapidly accelerate the uptake of electric vehicles and make London the epicentre of electric driving in Europe. Increasing numbers of motorists are opting for cleaner, greener electric transport, delivering a host of benefits to the driver including a 100 per cent Congestion Charge discount. https://www.sourcelondon.net/map Paris Autolib Autolib’ is the first public service plan with electric vehicles to be developed in a large European metropolis. https://www.autolib.eu/stations/CNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Researchhttp://www.iia.cnr.it
  12. 12. BEST PRACTICES SELECTED: LOGISTIC SYSTEMSVicenza: V.E.LO.CE. (Vicenza Eco-Logistic Center) All goods destined for the zone with limited traffic are sent to the VELOCE Eco-logistical Centre of Vicenza’s historical city centre. The Centre then sees to the deliveryand pick-up of goods using only ecologically powered vehicles.CNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Research 12http://www.iia.cnr.it
  13. 13. BEST PRACTICES SELECTED: CONGESTION TAX London •Number of vehicles declined by 18%. •Traffic delays cut by 25%. •7-15% decrease of NOx, CO2 and PM10 emissions.CNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Researchhttp://www.iia.cnr.it
  14. 14. KYOTO CLUB AND CIMO RECOMENDATIONS Effective action on Urban Transport is central to achieving target on GHG reduction and to reduce pollution in cities 1. “Reducing the need to travel”: efficient logistic and trasport systems for people 2. Move of road freight to other modes such as rail or waterborne transport 3. Higher involvement of the small medium european cities throught european projects (i.e the Convenant of Mayors) 4. Strengthen public awareness of sustainable: demonstration project such as European Mobility Week 2012 or Corrente-in-movimento 2012 5. Higher involvement of the local ONG to implement bottom-up approach on mobility plansCNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Research 14http://www.iia.cnr.it
  15. 15. Francesco PetracchiniCNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution ResearchEmail petracchini@iia.cnr.itWeb www.iia.cnr.itAssociazione Corrente in MovimentoWeb site: www.correnteinmovimento.it EUROPEAN COMMISSION’S SUSTAINABLE URBAN MOBILITY CAMPAIGN
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