Hunthistoricalcharacters ...Treasure hunting, without treasure! Teacher: Claudia Tomasi
Game’s rules• Each group has one map and one images box.• In each map you can find eight descriptions of historical characters,indeed here you can find famous scientists only.• The men described lived in Europe, between 16th And 17th century•You have to read the description and then you have to choice betweenfour options (A, B, C, D). The choice is very easy!• Put the correct answer in the groups paper.•To each character you have to link, following the text, three picturesthat you can find in the box.• To win you have to answer to the big final question•The first group that completes the map successfully, it gains the chanceto answer to the big final question.• You can access to the big final question only if all eight answers and thelinks are correct.Attention: the final question is quite difficult and involves historical menand women closer to us. Good query and good luck!
1. A thousand – year – old dreamIm a man. I was born in Béziers, France, in 1609 (some sources say 1604) andmy death was in 1680. After a very ordinary education, thanks to my fathersinfluence, I entered the salt tax service and I started a lucrative career as a salttax collector of the Languedoc region.As a youth, I was only interested in mathematics and science, but for you Imfamous because I was an engineer and I was responsible for the most inspiredworks of the 17th century. My best project, supported by Colbert, was a speciallink between Two Seas. I never lived to see the completion of my masterpiece.My family claimed to be descendant of Gherardo Arrighetti, an Italian aristocratwho was exilled from Florence in 1268 and who, in France, changed his name to….....( _ _ __ETTI) the _ _ _ _ TY and finally in my name..........PICTURE 1 is my portraitPICTURE 2 is an example of lock chambre used in my masterpiece.In the PICTURE 3 you can find the project of two structures still draw theadmiration of modern day engineers (oval lock basins).A) Richelieu B) Georges Pompidou C) Pierre-Paul Riquet D) Michel François Platini
2 - I am the one and only genius!Im generally considered to have invented the locks used for his masterpiece bythe previous person (character 1). The PICTURE 1 shows project on the ArnoRiver. Yes, I’m an engineer…but I’m painter, sculptor, musician, scientist,mathematician, architect, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist,and writer!!!I was born in Tuscany in 1452. When I was 14 years old I left my home and Imoved to Florence and I started to work in the Verrocchio’s workshop. In thePICTURE 2 you can find my earliest complete work. During my apprenticeship toAndrea del Verrocchio I began formal training in the anatomy of the human body.As a successful artist, I was given permission to dissect human corpses at theHospital of Santa Maria Nuova in Florence and later at hospitals in Milan andRome.I made over 200 pages of drawings and many pages of notes towards a treatise onanatomy. These papers were left to my heir, Francesco Melzi. The PICTURE 3shows an example.I died at Clos Lucé, in France, on May 2, 1519. The king, Francis the first, hadbecome my close friend!A) Michelangelo Buonarroti B) Leonardo da Vinci C) Nicolaus Copernicus D) Johann Gutenberg
3 - I’m founder of modern humananatomy!Exactly…I was an anatomist, physician, and author of one of the most influentialbooks on human anatomy, De humani corporis fabrica (On the Structure of theHuman Body).I was born on 31 December 1514, in Brussels. I studied at University of Leuven(Belgium), University of Paris, University of Padua (for Italians Padova).My carreer starts in Padua. Already the day after my graduation, I had my firstpublic lesson, explaining and dissecting a cadaver organs and the technique used.The senate of Venice immediately gave me the chair of anatomy and surgery.My main work (De humani corporis fabrica) was published in June 1543 - the sameyear as another masterpiece in the history of the science (De revolutionibusorbium coelestium) … don’t forget!!!) – contains many detailed drawings of humandissections (see PICTURE 1).Then I was named court physician to Emperor Charles V (see PICTURE 2, do yourecognize the emperor?)My name is the Latinized form of Andries van Wesel.In the PICTURE 3 you can find my portrait.A) Hippocrates B) Andreas Vesalius C) Julius Caesar D) Vercingetorix
4 - My work changed the scientificmethod!I was born in Pisa on 15 February 1564. My father was a famous lutenist, composer, and music theorist. My family was from Florence…don’t forget!I died on 8 January 1642, aged 77. The Grand Duke of Tuscany, Ferdinando II, wished to bury me in the main body of the Basilica of Santa Croce (see PICTURE 1).I wrote a great Dialogue that the Inquisition found "vehemently suspect of heresy": I’m philosopher who played a major role in the Scientific Revolution of the 17th century!But I loved look at the sky, at the planets, at the moon (PICTURE 2 shows one of my drawings that illustrates the play of light and shadows on the lunar surface).And finally I made a number of contributions to what is now known as technology (in PICTURE 3 you can see my thermoscope and its modern version).ISAAC NEWTON FERDINAND MAGELLAN GALILEO GALILEI CRISTOFORO COLOMBO
5 – We live submerged at the bottom of anocean of airI was born in Faenza in 1608, part of the State of Church. I studied mathematics and philosophy into a Jesuit College until 1626.Ive been a big supporter of the character described above (at the number 4) and in the last months of his life I lived in Arcetri, at his home.I’m famous in the world (In the PICTURE 1 you can find a commemorative stamp of the U.S.S.R) for my mercury barometer (please see PICTURE 2 and relative schema PICTURE 3).I died in Florence a few days after having contracted typhoid fever, and I was buried in San Lorenzo. The asteroid 7437 was named in my honor and I am sure that you have used my unit in vacuum measurements!A) EVANGELISTA TORRICELLI B) THOMAS ALVA EDISON C) VLAD TEPES III D) JOSEPH-MICHEL MONTGOLFIER
6 - In honor of my scientific contributions, my name has beengiven to the SI unit of pressure and to a programming language!I was born on 19 June 1623 in Clermont-Ferrand. I was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Catholic philosopher. I was a child prodigy and I was educated by my father, a tax collector in Rouen. My earliest work was in the natural and applied sciences where I made important contributions to the study of fluids, and clarified the concepts of pressure and vacuum by generalizing the work of the character described above (at the number 5). I measured the variation of atmospheric pressure with altitude (The PICTURE 1 shows the experiment – in the region of Massif Central).In 1642, while still a teenager, I started some pioneering work on calculating machines, and after three years of effort and 50 prototypes I invented the mechanical calculator. I built twenty of these machines (the PICTURE 2 shows an example of these machines). Following a mystical experience in late 1654, I abandoned my scientific work and devoted myself to philosophy and theology. My two most famous works date from this period are the Lettres provinciales and the Pensées. I had poor health especially after my eighteenth year and my death came just two months after my 39th birthday. I was buried in Saint- Étienne-du-Mont, a church in Paris (PICTURE 3 shows this church).A) Molière B) Pierre de Coubertin C) Nicolas Sarkozy D) Blaise Pascal
7 - I think, therefore I am."As a young man, when I discovered something, I wondered if Iwere not able to find it alone, without learning it from books."I was born in La Haye en Touraine on 31 March 1596. I was a French philosopher, mathematician, and writer and I spent most of my adult life in the Dutch Republic.At the age of eight, I entered the Jesuit Collège Royal Henry-Le-Grand at La Flèche (see PICTURE 1…the building with French flag is my college!) where I studied letters and Aristotle philosophy. After graduating in law I began to solve scientific problems like the refraction of light (see PICTURE 2). In 1649 I moved to Sweden, where I had been invited as a tutor for Queen Christina of Sweden (The PICTURE 3 shows me and Queen Christina). On 11 February 1650 I died in Stockholm. In 1633 the man described at the step number 4 was condemned by the Roman Catholic Church for his Dialogue. In 1663, the Pope placed also my works on the Index of Prohibited Books! I can say that while the application of mathematics to experimental physics done by character number 4 was innovative, my algebraic methods superseded his standard mathematical methods.A) Pythagoras of Samos B) Archimede C) Eratosthenes D) René Descartes
8 - Thanks to me, you are here today! School is aworkshop for humanityI was born in 1592 in Moravia. Regarding my ethnicity, I described myself as "Moravus ego natione, lingua Bohemus"; i.e. an inhabitant of the Margrave of Moravia (probably with Slovak roots) who used the Czech language for daily communication. My original family name (Szeges or Segeš) seems to be Magyar and is relatively common in Western Slovakia both for Slovaks and even for local Magyars. I’m very popular with Czechs and Slovaks. I have been represented on a Czech banknote (see PICTURE 1) and the largest and oldest University in Slovakia, in Bratislava, was dedicated to me. (see PICTURE 2).I have become a symbol of the European Union!Like the previous historical character (number 7) I was involved in the events of the Thirty Years War and, after the Battle of White Mountain (see PICTURE 3), outside Prague, in November 1620, I moved to Poland. I lived in England, Sweden, Hungary, Germany and finally I died in 1670, in Amsterdam, where I where I published my main work, Didactica Magna.I was teacher, educator and writer. I had cosmopolite ideas: in my opinion man, through education, he could show his full potential and lead a harmonious life.A) Lazzaro Spallanzani B) John Amos Comenius C) Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier D) Francis Bacon
Marie Skłodowska-Curie SHE WAS THE FIRST FEMALE PROFESSOR AT THE UNIVERSITY OF__________________
Andy Warhol WHERE WERE HIS PARENTS FROM? (WHICH COUNTRY?)
Nicolae Paulescu IN 1921 PAULESCU, FIRST IN THE WORLD, DISCOVERED HOW TO CURE DIABETES, SO THAT NEXT YEAR, NAMELY APRIL 10, 1922, HE OBTAINED A PATENT FOR THE DISCOVERY OF PANCREINA. WHERE IS HE FROM?
Hermann Julius Oberth HERMANN JULIUS OBERTH (25 JUNE 1894 – 28 DECEMBER 1989) HE IS CONSIDERED ONE OF THE FOUNDING FATHERS OF ROCKETRY AND ASTRONAUTICS. HE WAS BORN IN_________________