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Ponencia SAL Collado Solís
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Ponencia SAL Collado Solís

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  • To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 3.58” and the Width box is set to 8”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Recolor, and then under Dark Variations click Text color 2 Dark (first option from the left). Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click Picture Effects, point to Shadow, and then under Inner click Inside Diagonal Top Left (first row, first option from the left).Drag the picture so that it is positioned above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow next to Paste, and then click Duplicate.Press and hold CTRL and select both pictures on the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center. Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Middle. Click the slide background area to cancel the selection of both pictures. Select the duplicate (top) picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, under Crop from,enter valuesinto the Left andRight boxes so that under Size and rotate, and the Width box is set to 2.33”. (Note: For best results, crop the duplicate picture to tightly focus on a single element in the original picture.)Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Recolor, and then under No Recolor click No Recolor. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 7.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 2.33”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow next to Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 55%.Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.On the slide, drag the rectangle to cover the duplicate picture. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide.Point to Align, and then click Align Middle. Click Send Backward. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw another rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4”.In the Shape Width box, enter 2.67”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow next to Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane. In the Fill pane, select No fill. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, select Solid line in the Line Color pane, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 70%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then do the following in the Line Style pane:In the Width box, enter 0.75 pt. Click the button next to Dash type, and then click Square Dot (third option from the top).Drag the dotted rectangle on top of the small, full-color picture. Press and hold SHIFT and select the dotted rectangle, the small picture, and the large picture on the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Middle. On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box.Enter text in the text box, select the text, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, select Gill Sans MT Condensedfrom the Font list, select 24 from the Font Size list, click the button next to Font Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center to center the text within the text box.On the slide, drag the text box below the dotted rectangle.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and then select Solid fill in the Fill pane. Also in the Fill pane, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 15% (fifth row, second option from the left).To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:To view the area beyond the slide, on the View tab, click Zoom, and then in the Zoom dialog box, in the Percent box, enter 70%. (Note: Make sure that Fit is not selected in the Zoom dialog box.)On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the dotted rectangle. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, point to Draw Custom Path, and then click Freeform. Press and hold SHIFT to conform the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then do the following on the slide:Click the center of the dotted rectangle to create the first motion-path point.Click approximately ½” beyond the right edge of the rectangle to create the second motion-path point. Double-click approximately 2” beyond the left edge of the slide to create the third and final motion-path point. On the slide, right-click the freeform motion path, and then click Reverse Path Direction. On the slide, select the freeform motion path. In the Custom Animation task pane, under Modify: Custom Path, in the Start list, select With Previous. On the slide, select the gradient-filled rectangle. In the Custom Animation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Under Modify: Fade, in the Start list, select With Previous.Under Modify: Fade, in the Speed list, select Very Fast.Click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Down.Under Modify: Down, in the Start list, select With Previous. Under Modify: Down, in the Speed list, select Medium. On the slide, right-click the down motion path and click ReversePathDirection.On the slide, select the smaller, full-color picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Under Modify: Fade, in the Start list, select With Previous.Under Modify: Fade, in the Speed list, select Very Fast.Right-click the picture fade effect in the pane, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 1.5.On the slide, select the text box. In the Custom Animation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Moderate, click Descend, and then click OK. Under Modify: Descend, in the Start list, select With Previous. Under Modify:Descend, in the Speed list, select Fast.
  • Custom animation effects: line sweeps in picture and text(Basic)To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Lines click Line (first option from the left).On the slide, press and hold SHIFT, and then drag to draw a straight, vertical line.Select the line. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Shape Width box, enter 7.5”.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane. In the LineColor pane, select Solidline, click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click LineStyle in the left pane. In the LineStyle pane, in the Weight box, enter 2 pt.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeEffects, point to Glow, and then under GlowVariations click Accent color 1, 5 pt glow (first row, first option from the left). Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeEffects, point to Glow, point to MoreGlowColors, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click AlignCenter.Click AlignMiddle.On the slide, select the line. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.Drag the duplicate line slightly off the right edge of the slide.With the duplicate line still selected, on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align to Slide. Click Align Middle.On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the InsertPicture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert.On the slide, select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 7.5” and the Width box is set to 5”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.ClickAlignRight.ClickAlignMiddle.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click TextBox. On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Arial.In the FontSize list, select 28.Click Bold.Click the button next to FontColor, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click AlignTextRight to align the text right in the text box. Drag the text box onto the left half of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 40%.Click the button next to Color, and then click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then click Black, Text 1, Lighter 50% (second row, second option from the left).To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click CustomAnimation. Select the line off the right edge of the slide. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddEntranceEffect dialog box, under Basic, click FlyIn.Select the animation effect (fly-in effect for the second line). Under Modify: Fly In,do the following:In the Start list, select After Previous.In the Direction list, select FromLeft.In the Speed list, select Fast.On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane.In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the first line you created (in the middle of the slide). In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddEntranceEffect dialog box, under Basic, click FlyIn.Select the second animation effect (fly-in effect for the first line). Under Modify: Fly In,do the following:In the Start list, select AfterPrevious.In the Direction list, select FromRight.In the Speed list, select Fast.On the slide, select the picture. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddEntranceEffect dialog box, under Basic, click Wipe.Select the third animation effect (wipe effect for the picture). Under Modify: Wipe,do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Direction list, select FromRight.In the Speed list, select Fast.On the slide, select the text box. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddEntranceEffect dialog box, under Basic, clickFlyIn.Select the fourth animation effect (fly-in effect for the text box). Under Modify: Fly In,do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Direction list, select FromRight.In the Speed list, select Fast.
  • To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 3.58” and the Width box is set to 8”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Recolor, and then under Dark Variations click Text color 2 Dark (first option from the left). Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click Picture Effects, point to Shadow, and then under Inner click Inside Diagonal Top Left (first row, first option from the left).Drag the picture so that it is positioned above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow next to Paste, and then click Duplicate.Press and hold CTRL and select both pictures on the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center. Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Middle. Click the slide background area to cancel the selection of both pictures. Select the duplicate (top) picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, under Crop from,enter valuesinto the Left andRight boxes so that under Size and rotate, and the Width box is set to 2.33”. (Note: For best results, crop the duplicate picture to tightly focus on a single element in the original picture.)Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Recolor, and then under No Recolor click No Recolor. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 7.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 2.33”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow next to Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 55%.Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.On the slide, drag the rectangle to cover the duplicate picture. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide.Point to Align, and then click Align Middle. Click Send Backward. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw another rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4”.In the Shape Width box, enter 2.67”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow next to Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane. In the Fill pane, select No fill. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, select Solid line in the Line Color pane, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 70%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then do the following in the Line Style pane:In the Width box, enter 0.75 pt. Click the button next to Dash type, and then click Square Dot (third option from the top).Drag the dotted rectangle on top of the small, full-color picture. Press and hold SHIFT and select the dotted rectangle, the small picture, and the large picture on the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Middle. On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box.Enter text in the text box, select the text, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, select Gill Sans MT Condensedfrom the Font list, select 24 from the Font Size list, click the button next to Font Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center to center the text within the text box.On the slide, drag the text box below the dotted rectangle.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and then select Solid fill in the Fill pane. Also in the Fill pane, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 15% (fifth row, second option from the left).To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:To view the area beyond the slide, on the View tab, click Zoom, and then in the Zoom dialog box, in the Percent box, enter 70%. (Note: Make sure that Fit is not selected in the Zoom dialog box.)On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the dotted rectangle. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, point to Draw Custom Path, and then click Freeform. Press and hold SHIFT to conform the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then do the following on the slide:Click the center of the dotted rectangle to create the first motion-path point.Click approximately ½” beyond the right edge of the rectangle to create the second motion-path point. Double-click approximately 2” beyond the left edge of the slide to create the third and final motion-path point. On the slide, right-click the freeform motion path, and then click Reverse Path Direction. On the slide, select the freeform motion path. In the Custom Animation task pane, under Modify: Custom Path, in the Start list, select With Previous. On the slide, select the gradient-filled rectangle. In the Custom Animation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Under Modify: Fade, in the Start list, select With Previous.Under Modify: Fade, in the Speed list, select Very Fast.Click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Down.Under Modify: Down, in the Start list, select With Previous. Under Modify: Down, in the Speed list, select Medium. On the slide, right-click the down motion path and click ReversePathDirection.On the slide, select the smaller, full-color picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Under Modify: Fade, in the Start list, select With Previous.Under Modify: Fade, in the Speed list, select Very Fast.Right-click the picture fade effect in the pane, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 1.5.On the slide, select the text box. In the Custom Animation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Moderate, click Descend, and then click OK. Under Modify: Descend, in the Start list, select With Previous. Under Modify:Descend, in the Speed list, select Fast.
  • Custom animation effects: shrink picture circle with text(Intermediate)To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the InsertPicture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert.On the slide, select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the PictureStyles group, click PictureShape, and then under BasicShapes click Oval (first row, first option from the left).Select the picture-filled oval. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 6” and the Width box is set to 6”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the PictureStyles group, click PictureEffects, point to Glow, and then under GlowVariations click Accent color 1, 18 pt glow (fourth row, first option from the left).Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the PictureStyles group, click PictureEffects, point to Glow, point to More Glow Colors, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, under Inner click InsideDiagonalBottomLeft (third row, first option from the left), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 50%.In the Blur box, enter 8 pt.In the Angle box, enter 135°.In the Distance box, enter 8 pt.On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click TextBox. On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Candara.In the FontSize box, enter 30.Click the arrow next to FontColor, and then click Black, Text 1, Lighter 25% (fourth row, second option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click AlignTextLeft.On the slide, select the text box. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the WordArt Styles group, click TextEffects, point to Reflection, and then under ReflectionVariations click TightReflection, touching (first row, first option from the left).Drag the text box onto the right half of the slide.With the text box still selected, on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide.Point to Align, and then click Align Right.Point to Align, and then click Align Middle.Click Send to Back. To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click CustomAnimation. On the slide, select the picture. In CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Wheel.Select the animation effect (wheel effect for the picture). Under Modify: Wheel,do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Spokes list, select 1 Spoke.In the Speed list, select Medium. On the slide, select the picture. In CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click FadedZoom.Select the second animation effect (faded zoom effect for the picture). Under Modify: FadedZoom,do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Speed list, select Medium. On the slide, select the picture. In CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Emphasis, and then click More Effects. In the Add Emphasis Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Grow/Shrink.Select the third animation effect (grow/shrink effect for the picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click EffectOptions. In the Grow/Shrink dialog box, do the following:On the Effect tab, under Settings, do the following:In the Size list, in the Custom box, enter 95%, and then press ENTER.Select SmoothStart.Select SmoothEnd.Select Auto-reverse.On the Timing tab, do the following: In the Start list, select AfterPrevious. In the Speed box, enter 0.3 seconds. On the slide, select the picture. In CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Emphasis, and then click More Effects. In the Add Emphasis Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Grow/Shrink.Select the fourth animation effect (grow/shrink effect for the picture). Under Grow/Shrink, do the following:In the Start list, select AfterPrevious.In the Size list, select Smaller.In the Speed list, select Medium. On the slide, select the picture. In CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:ClickAddEffect, point to MotionPaths, and then click Left.Select the fifth animation effect (left motion path for the picture). Under Modify: Left,do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Speed list, select Medium.On the slide, select the text box. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, select Fade.Select the sixth animation effect (fade effect for the text box). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Delay box, enter 1.5.In the Speed list, select 1 seconds (Fast).On the slide, select the text box. In CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:ClickAddEffect, point to MotionPaths, and then click Left.Select the seventh animation effect (left motion path for the text box). Under Modify: Left,do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Speed list, select Fast.On the slide, right–click the selected motion path for the text box, and then clickReversePathDirection. To reproduce the rectangle on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in theDrawing group, clickShapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the ShapeHeight box, enter 1.54”.In theShapeWidth box, enter 10”.Under DrawingTools, on theFormat tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the arrow next to ShapeOutline, and then click NoOutline.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, clickFill in the left pane, selectGradientfill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Right (first row, fourth option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 88%.Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 43%.On the Home tab, in the Drawinggroup, click Arrange, and then do the following:Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then clickAlignMiddle.Point to Align, and then clickAlignCenter.Click Send to Back. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial.Click the button next to Direction, and then click From Center (third option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 50% (second row, second option from the left).
  • Custom animation effects: motion path text and change color(Intermediate)To reproduce the picture on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert.On the slide, select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 3” and the Width box is set to 10”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow under Arrange, point to Align, and do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click AlignCenter.Click Align Top.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box. Enter text in the text box and select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Century Gothic.In the Font Size box, enter 30. Click Bold.Click the arrow next to FontColor, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 80, Green: 129, Blue: 226.On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Align Text Left to align the text left in the text box.Drag the text box below the picture, in the middle of the left side of the slide.To reproduce the animation effects for the first text box on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation.On the slide, select the text box. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects.In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade. Select the animation effect (fade effect for the first text box). Under Modify: Fade, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous. In the Speed list, select Medium.On the slide, select the text box. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Select the second animation effect (right motion path for the first text box). Under Modify: Right, do the following:In theStart list, selectWithPrevious.In the Speed list, select Medium.On the slide, select the text box. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Emphasis, and then click More Effects.In the Add Emphasis Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Change Font Color. Select the third animation effect (change font color effect for the first text box). Under Modify: Change Font Color, do the following:In theStart list, selectAfterPrevious.In the Font Color list, select White (first option from the left).In the Speed list, select Fast.On the slide, select the motion path for the text box. Point to the endpoint (red arrow) until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow, press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the endpoint to lengthen the motion path about 4”. (Note: It will help to use the ruler to measure the path. On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler.) Right-click the motion path, and then click Reverse Path Direction. To reproduce the other animated text boxes on this slide, do the following:On the slide, select the text box. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Drag the second text box below and to the right of the first text box.Click in the second text box, and then edit the text. Select the text in the second text box. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font Size list, select 24.Click Bold to unbold the text.Click Italic. On the slide, select the motion path for the second text box. Point to the starting point (green arrow) until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the left of the second text box, until the length of the path is about 4”. Select the first text box. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. On the slide, Drag the third text box until it is below and to the left of the second text box, and to the right of the first text box.Click in the third text box, and then edit the text.Select the text in the third text box. On the Home tab, in the Font group, in the Font Size list, select 24.In the Custom Animation task pane, select the sixth animation effect (change font color effect for the second text box). Under Modify: Change Font Color, in the Speed list, select Fast. On the slide, press and hold CTRL, and then select all three text boxes. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Exit, and then click More Effects.In the Add Exit Effect dialog box, under Moderate, click Stretchy. Select the 10th, 11th, and 12th animation effects (stretchy effects for the text boxes). Under Modify: Stretchy, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous. In the Speed list, select Medium.Select the 10th animation effect (stretchy effect for the first text box), and then drag it until it is ninth in the list of effects. Select the 12th animation effect (stretchy effect for the third text box), and then under Modify: Exit, in the Start list, select After Previous.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Up (second row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until four stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 25% (fourth row, second option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 20%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).Select Stop 3 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 80%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).Select Stop 4 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 25% (fourth row, second option from the left).
  • Custom animation effects: recolored picture with full-color section and motion path(Advanced)To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 3.58” and the Width box is set to 8”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Recolor, and then under Dark Variations click Text color 2 Dark (first option from the left). Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click Picture Effects, point to Shadow, and then under Inner click Inside Diagonal Top Left (first row, first option from the left).Drag the picture so that it is positioned above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow next to Paste, and then click Duplicate.Press and hold CTRL and select both pictures on the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center. Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Middle. Click the slide background area to cancel the selection of both pictures. Select the duplicate (top) picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, under Crop from,enter valuesinto the Left andRight boxes so that under Size and rotate, and the Width box is set to 2.33”. (Note: For best results, crop the duplicate picture to tightly focus on a single element in the original picture.)Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Recolor, and then under No Recolor click No Recolor. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 7.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 2.33”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow next to Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 55%.Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.On the slide, drag the rectangle to cover the duplicate picture. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide.Point to Align, and then click Align Middle. Click Send Backward. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw another rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4”.In the Shape Width box, enter 2.67”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow next to Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane. In the Fill pane, select No fill. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, select Solid line in the Line Color pane, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 70%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then do the following in the Line Style pane:In the Width box, enter 0.75 pt. Click the button next to Dash type, and then click Square Dot (third option from the top).Drag the dotted rectangle on top of the small, full-color picture. Press and hold SHIFT and select the dotted rectangle, the small picture, and the large picture on the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Middle. On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box.Enter text in the text box, select the text, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, select Gill Sans MT Condensedfrom the Font list, select 24 from the Font Size list, click the button next to Font Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center to center the text within the text box.On the slide, drag the text box below the dotted rectangle.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and then select Solid fill in the Fill pane. Also in the Fill pane, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 15% (fifth row, second option from the left).To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:To view the area beyond the slide, on the View tab, click Zoom, and then in the Zoom dialog box, in the Percent box, enter 70%. (Note: Make sure that Fit is not selected in the Zoom dialog box.)On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the dotted rectangle. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, point to Draw Custom Path, and then click Freeform. Press and hold SHIFT to conform the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then do the following on the slide:Click the center of the dotted rectangle to create the first motion-path point.Click approximately ½” beyond the right edge of the rectangle to create the second motion-path point. Double-click approximately 2” beyond the left edge of the slide to create the third and final motion-path point. On the slide, right-click the freeform motion path, and then click Reverse Path Direction. On the slide, select the freeform motion path. In the Custom Animation task pane, under Modify: Custom Path, in the Start list, select With Previous. On the slide, select the gradient-filled rectangle. In the Custom Animation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Under Modify: Fade, in the Start list, select With Previous.Under Modify: Fade, in the Speed list, select Very Fast.Click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Down.Under Modify: Down, in the Start list, select With Previous. Under Modify: Down, in the Speed list, select Medium. On the slide, right-click the down motion path and click ReversePathDirection.On the slide, select the smaller, full-color picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Under Modify: Fade, in the Start list, select With Previous.Under Modify: Fade, in the Speed list, select Very Fast.Right-click the picture fade effect in the pane, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 1.5.On the slide, select the text box. In the Custom Animation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Moderate, click Descend, and then click OK. Under Modify: Descend, in the Start list, select With Previous. Under Modify:Descend, in the Speed list, select Fast.
  • Custom animation effects: duplicate picture with varied brightness to full color(Advanced)Tip: For the effects on this slide, use a picture with a “portrait” (vertical) orientation. To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then clickBlank. On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Georgiafrom the Font list, enter 34 in the Font Size box, click Italic, click the arrow next to Font Color, and then under Theme Colors click Aqua, Accent 5, Darker 25% (fifth row, ninth option from the left).Drag the text box into the upper half of the slide, slightly left of the center.To reproduce the first picture with animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture.In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert. On the slide, select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 3.81” and the Width box is set to 2.54”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Drag the picture into the into the top left corner of the slide. (Note: Align the left edge of the picture with the left edge of the slide, and leave a small margin between the top edge of the picture and the top edge of the slide.)Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher.In the Format Picture dialog box, in the left pane, click Picture, and then do the following in the Picture pane: Click the button next to Recolor, and then select the recolor option that works best with the picture. (Note: The first picture in the example above is set to No Recolor.)In the Brightness box, enter 50%. (Note: You may want to adjust the brightness settings for the picture you have chosen.)On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click CustomAnimation.On the slide, select the picture, and then do the following in the Custom Animation task pane:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box,under Basic, click Fly In, and then click OK.Under Modify: Fly In, in the Start list, select With Previous. Under Modify: Fly In,in the Direction list, select From Left.Under Modify: Fly In,in the Speed list, select Fast.Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box,under Subtle, click Expand, and then click OK.Under Modify: Expand, in the Start list, select With Previous.Under Modify: Expand, in the Speed list, select Fast.To reproduce the second picture with animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the slide, select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.Drag the second picture until the left side slightly overlaps the right side of the first picture.Select the second picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher.In the Format Picture dialog box, in the left pane, click Picture. In the Picture pane, in the Brightness box, enter 40%. (Note: You may want to adjust the brightness settings for the picture you have chosen.)Press and hold CTRL, and then select the third and fourth animation effects (fly-in and expand effects for the second picture) in the CustomAnimation task pane. Click the arrow to the right of one of the animation effects, and then click Timing. In the Effect Options dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 0.2, and then click OK.To reproduce the third picture with animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the slide, select the second picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.Drag the third picture until its left side slightly overlaps the right side of the second picture.Select the third picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher.In the Format Picture dialog box, in the left pane, click Picture. In the Picture pane, in the Brightness box, enter 20%. (Note: You may want to adjust the brightness settings for the picture you have chosen.)Press and hold CTRL, and then select the fifth and sixth animation effects (fly-in and expand effects for the third picture) in the CustomAnimation task pane. Click the arrow to the right of one of the animation effects, and then click Timing. In the Effect Options dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 0.4, and then click OK.To reproduce the fourth picture with animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the slide, select the third picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.Drag the fourth picture until its left side slightly overlaps the right side of the third picture.Select the fourth picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher.In the Format Picture dialog box, in the left pane, click Picture. In the Picture pane, in the Brightness box, enter 0%. Press and hold CTRL, and then select the seventh and eighth animation effects (fly-in and expand effects for the fourth picture) in the CustomAnimation pane. Click the arrow to the right of one of the animation effects, and then click Timing. In the Effect Options dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 0.6, and then click OK.To reproduce the fifth picture with animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the slide, select the fourth picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.Drag the fifth picture until its left side slightly overlaps the right side of the fourth picture.Select the fifth picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher.In the Format Picture dialog box, in the left pane, click Picture. In the Picture pane, click the button next to Recolor, and then under No Recolor click No Recolor. Press and hold CTRL, and then select the ninth and 10th animation effects (fly-in and expand effects for the fifth picture) in the CustomAnimation task pane. Click the arrow to the right of one of the selected animation effects, and then click Timing. In the Effect Options dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 0.8, and then click OK.To reproduce the animation effects for the text box on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane.In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the text box, and then do the following in the CustomAnimation task pane:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box,under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK.Under Modify: Fade, in the Start list, select With Previous. Under Modify: Fade, in the Speed list, select Very Fast.In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the first, second, third, and fourth pictures. In the CustomAnimation task pane do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Exit, and then click MoreEffects. In the Add Exit Effect dialog box,under Moderate, click Stretchy, and then click OK.Under Modify: Stretchy, in the Start list, select With Previous. Under Modify: Stretchy, in the Speed list, select Fast.Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the 12th animation effect (first stretchy effect for the text box). Click the arrow to the right of the animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Stretchy dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 1.4, and then click OK.Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the 13th animation effect (second stretchy effect for the text box). Click the arrow to the right of the animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Stretchy dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 1.6, and then click OK.Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the 14th animation effect (third stretchy effect for the text box). Click the arrow to the right of the animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Stretchy dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 1.8, and then click OK.Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the 15th animation effect (fourth stretchy effect for the text box). Click the arrow to the right of the animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Stretchy dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.0, and then click OK.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the right pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial.Click the button next to Direction, and then click From Center (third option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until three stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 5%(second row, first option from the left). Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 34%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 15% (third row, first option from the left). Select Stop 3 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 50% (sixth row, first option from the left).
  • Custom animation effects: recolored picture with full-color section and motion path(Advanced)To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 3.58” and the Width box is set to 8”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Recolor, and then under Dark Variations click Text color 2 Dark (first option from the left). Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click Picture Effects, point to Shadow, and then under Inner click Inside Diagonal Top Left (first row, first option from the left).Drag the picture so that it is positioned above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow next to Paste, and then click Duplicate.Press and hold CTRL and select both pictures on the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center. Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Middle. Click the slide background area to cancel the selection of both pictures. Select the duplicate (top) picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, under Crop from,enter valuesinto the Left andRight boxes so that under Size and rotate, and the Width box is set to 2.33”. (Note: For best results, crop the duplicate picture to tightly focus on a single element in the original picture.)Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Recolor, and then under No Recolor click No Recolor. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 7.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 2.33”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow next to Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 55%.Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.On the slide, drag the rectangle to cover the duplicate picture. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide.Point to Align, and then click Align Middle. Click Send Backward. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw another rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4”.In the Shape Width box, enter 2.67”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow next to Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane. In the Fill pane, select No fill. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, select Solid line in the Line Color pane, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 70%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then do the following in the Line Style pane:In the Width box, enter 0.75 pt. Click the button next to Dash type, and then click Square Dot (third option from the top).Drag the dotted rectangle on top of the small, full-color picture. Press and hold SHIFT and select the dotted rectangle, the small picture, and the large picture on the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Middle. On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box.Enter text in the text box, select the text, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, select Gill Sans MT Condensedfrom the Font list, select 24 from the Font Size list, click the button next to Font Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center to center the text within the text box.On the slide, drag the text box below the dotted rectangle.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and then select Solid fill in the Fill pane. Also in the Fill pane, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 15% (fifth row, second option from the left).To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:To view the area beyond the slide, on the View tab, click Zoom, and then in the Zoom dialog box, in the Percent box, enter 70%. (Note: Make sure that Fit is not selected in the Zoom dialog box.)On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the dotted rectangle. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, point to Draw Custom Path, and then click Freeform. Press and hold SHIFT to conform the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then do the following on the slide:Click the center of the dotted rectangle to create the first motion-path point.Click approximately ½” beyond the right edge of the rectangle to create the second motion-path point. Double-click approximately 2” beyond the left edge of the slide to create the third and final motion-path point. On the slide, right-click the freeform motion path, and then click Reverse Path Direction. On the slide, select the freeform motion path. In the Custom Animation task pane, under Modify: Custom Path, in the Start list, select With Previous. On the slide, select the gradient-filled rectangle. In the Custom Animation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Under Modify: Fade, in the Start list, select With Previous.Under Modify: Fade, in the Speed list, select Very Fast.Click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Down.Under Modify: Down, in the Start list, select With Previous. Under Modify: Down, in the Speed list, select Medium. On the slide, right-click the down motion path and click ReversePathDirection.On the slide, select the smaller, full-color picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Under Modify: Fade, in the Start list, select With Previous.Under Modify: Fade, in the Speed list, select Very Fast.Right-click the picture fade effect in the pane, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 1.5.On the slide, select the text box. In the Custom Animation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Moderate, click Descend, and then click OK. Under Modify: Descend, in the Start list, select With Previous. Under Modify:Descend, in the Speed list, select Fast.
  • Custom animation effects: recolored picture with full-color section and motion path(Advanced)To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 3.58” and the Width box is set to 8”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Recolor, and then under Dark Variations click Text color 2 Dark (first option from the left). Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click Picture Effects, point to Shadow, and then under Inner click Inside Diagonal Top Left (first row, first option from the left).Drag the picture so that it is positioned above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow next to Paste, and then click Duplicate.Press and hold CTRL and select both pictures on the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center. Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Middle. Click the slide background area to cancel the selection of both pictures. Select the duplicate (top) picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, under Crop from,enter valuesinto the Left andRight boxes so that under Size and rotate, and the Width box is set to 2.33”. (Note: For best results, crop the duplicate picture to tightly focus on a single element in the original picture.)Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Recolor, and then under No Recolor click No Recolor. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 7.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 2.33”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow next to Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 55%.Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.On the slide, drag the rectangle to cover the duplicate picture. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide.Point to Align, and then click Align Middle. Click Send Backward. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw another rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4”.In the Shape Width box, enter 2.67”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow next to Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane. In the Fill pane, select No fill. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, select Solid line in the Line Color pane, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 70%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then do the following in the Line Style pane:In the Width box, enter 0.75 pt. Click the button next to Dash type, and then click Square Dot (third option from the top).Drag the dotted rectangle on top of the small, full-color picture. Press and hold SHIFT and select the dotted rectangle, the small picture, and the large picture on the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Middle. On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box.Enter text in the text box, select the text, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, select Gill Sans MT Condensedfrom the Font list, select 24 from the Font Size list, click the button next to Font Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center to center the text within the text box.On the slide, drag the text box below the dotted rectangle.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and then select Solid fill in the Fill pane. Also in the Fill pane, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 15% (fifth row, second option from the left).To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:To view the area beyond the slide, on the View tab, click Zoom, and then in the Zoom dialog box, in the Percent box, enter 70%. (Note: Make sure that Fit is not selected in the Zoom dialog box.)On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the dotted rectangle. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, point to Draw Custom Path, and then click Freeform. Press and hold SHIFT to conform the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then do the following on the slide:Click the center of the dotted rectangle to create the first motion-path point.Click approximately ½” beyond the right edge of the rectangle to create the second motion-path point. Double-click approximately 2” beyond the left edge of the slide to create the third and final motion-path point. On the slide, right-click the freeform motion path, and then click Reverse Path Direction. On the slide, select the freeform motion path. In the Custom Animation task pane, under Modify: Custom Path, in the Start list, select With Previous. On the slide, select the gradient-filled rectangle. In the Custom Animation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Under Modify: Fade, in the Start list, select With Previous.Under Modify: Fade, in the Speed list, select Very Fast.Click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Down.Under Modify: Down, in the Start list, select With Previous. Under Modify: Down, in the Speed list, select Medium. On the slide, right-click the down motion path and click ReversePathDirection.On the slide, select the smaller, full-color picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Under Modify: Fade, in the Start list, select With Previous.Under Modify: Fade, in the Speed list, select Very Fast.Right-click the picture fade effect in the pane, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 1.5.On the slide, select the text box. In the Custom Animation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Moderate, click Descend, and then click OK. Under Modify: Descend, in the Start list, select With Previous. Under Modify:Descend, in the Speed list, select Fast.
  • Custom animation effects: fly in and box out(Intermediate)Tip: For best results when reproducing the picture effect on this slide, you may want to use the Snap objects to other objects feature. To do so, right-click the slide background and then click Grid and Guides. Under Snap to, select Snap objects to other objects.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then clickBlank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture.In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.On the slide, select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 4” and the Width box is set to 5.33”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange,point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.Click Align Middle.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left).On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the in the Shape Height box, enter 0.05”.In the Shape Width box, enter 10.3”.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow next to Shape Fill, and then click Blue, Accent 1 (first row, fifth option from the left).Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Effects, point to Preset, and then under Presets, click Preset 8 (second row, fourth option from the left).Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste,and then click Duplicate.Repeat this process two more times for a total of four rectangles.Drag one of the rectangles until the bottom edge of the rectangle meets the top edge of the picture.Drag another rectangle until the top edge of the rectangle meets the bottom edge of the picture.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the other two rectangles. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the in the Shape Height box, enter 7.8”.In the Shape Width box, enter 0.05”.Drag one of the vertical rectangles until the right edge of the rectangle meets the left edge of the picture.Drag the other vertical rectangle until the left edge of the rectangle meets the right edge of the picture. Press and hold CTRL, and then select both of the horizontal (top and bottom) rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both of the vertical (left and right) rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click CustomAnimation.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the four rectangles on the slide. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box,underBasic, click Fly In, and then click OK.Under Modify: Fly In, in the Start list, select With Previous.Under Modify: Fly In, in the Speed list, select Medium.On the slide, select the top horizontal rectangle. In the CustomAnimation task pane, under Modify: Fly-In, in the Direction list, select From Bottom.On the slide, select the bottom horizontal rectangle. In the CustomAnimation task pane, under Modify: Fly-In, in the Direction list, select From Top.On the slide, select the left vertical rectangle. In the CustomAnimation task pane, under Modify: Fly-In, in the Direction list, select From Right.On the slide, select the right vertical rectangle. In the CustomAnimation task pane, under Modify: Fly-In, in the Direction list, select From Left.On the slide, select the picture. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following: Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Box, and then click OK.Under Modify: Box, in the Start list, select With Previous.Under Modify: Box, in the Direction list, select Out.Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (box effect for the picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, do the following:In the Delay box, enter 1.3.In the Speed box, enter 0.7 seconds, and then click OK.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the four rectangles on the slide. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Exit, and then click MoreEffects. In the Add Exit Effect dialog box,underBasic, click Fly Out, and then click OK.Under Modify: Fly Out, in the Start list, select With Previous.Under Modify: Fly Out, in the Speed box, select Medium. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, with all four fly-out effects still selected, click the arrow to the right of the last fly-out effect, and then click Timing. In the Fly Out dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 0, and then click OK.Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the sixth animation effect (first fly-out effect). Under Modify: Fly Out, in the Start list, select On Click.On the slide, select the top horizontal rectangle. In the CustomAnimationtask pane, select the highlighted fly-out effect. Under Modify: Fly Out, in the Direction list, select To Bottom.On the slide, select the bottom horizontal rectangle. In the CustomAnimationtask pane, select the highlighted fly-out effect. Under Modify: Fly Out, in the Direction list, select To Top.On the slide, select the left vertical rectangle. In the CustomAnimationtask pane, select the highlighted fly-out effect. Under Modify: Fly Out, in the Direction list, selectTo Right.On the slide, select the right vertical rectangle. In the CustomAnimationtask pane, select the highlighted fly-out effect. Under Modify: Fly Out, in the Direction list, selectTo Left.On the slide, select the picture. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Exit, and then click MoreEffects. In the Add Exit Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Box, and then click OK.Under Modify: Box, in the Start list, select With Previous.Under Modify: Box, in the Direction list, select In.Click the arrow to the right of the ninth animation effect (box effect for the picture), and then click Timing. In the Box dialog box, on the Timing tab, do the following:In the Delay box, enter 0.In the Speed box, enter 0.7 seconds, and then click OK.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 46%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme ColorsclickBlue, Accent 1, Lighter 60% (third row, fifth option from the left).
  • Transcript

    • 1. Universidad Centroamericana UCA
      Facultad de Ciencia, Tecnología y Ambiente
      Carrera de Arquitectura
      Crítica de la Arquitectura
      Entrega: Carmen Collado Solís
      Revisa: Arq. Alberto Solórzano
      “Propuesta de Plan de Ordenamiento Territorial con enfoque en viviendas bioclimáticas sostenibles para el centro poblado El Ostional, en el municipio de San Juan del Sur, en el depto. De Rivas; para el año 2011”
    • 2. INTRODUCCIÓN
      Nicaragua cuenta con recursos naturales y paisajes impresionantes que; no son aprovechados ni explotados de la manera más adecuada. Un ejemplo es El Ostional; el cual no cuenta con la guía de políticas necesarias para el desarrollo social y económico de la población; lo que hace del sector un área con debilidades para su desarrollo sostenible.
      Para alcanzar dicho desarrollo, es necesaria la elaboración de un Plan de Ordenamiento y Desarrollo Territorial (PODT); que provea los principios rectores aplicables para alcanzar el correcto crecimiento y desarrollo de la comunidad, así como también la supresión del déficit de viviendas; mediante la inclusión de viviendas bioclimáticas sustentables.
    • 3. OBJETIVO GENERAL
      Presentar los aspectos y criterios de diseño más relevantes de esta propuesta de Plan y vivienda bioclimática sostenible, destacando lo referido a la adaptación y explotación de los elementos naturales del entorno y medio ambiente.
    • 4. JUSTIFICACIÓN PROPUESTA
      Art 60: Es obligación del estado la preservación, conservación y rescate del medio ambiente y de los recursos naturales. (Constitución)-
      Artículo 176-179: El Municipio es la unidad base territorial con autonomía político-administrativa y financiera. (Constitución)
      Centro Poblado El Ostional
      Comarca El Ostional
      Déficit habitacional en Nicaragua:
      Se estima entre 15.000 a 20.000 anualmente
      Plan Nacional de Vivienda 2005-2025 sin avances notorios
      Ventas de viviendas han disminuido en un 50%, según cifras CADUR
      Municipio San Juan del Sur
    • 5. MARCO INSTITUCIONAL
      Carta Aval de la Municipalidad
    • 6. MARCO TEÓRICO
      DESARROLLO SOSTENIBLE, como línea temática de la intervención
      ORDENAMIENTO TERRITORIAL, como política de Intervención
      PLAN DE ORDENAMIENTO TERRITORIAL,como herramienta necesaria de la intervención
      CALIDAD DE VIDA , como indicador de los alcances de la propuesta
      VIVIENDA ADECUADA, como herramienta necesaria de la intervención
      VIVIENDA BIOCLIMÁTICA SOSTENIBLE, como objeto específico del proyecto
    • 7. METODOLOGÍA
      PROCESO METODOLÓGICO Empleado
      Definir opción de Crecimiento Territirio
      Definir Intervenciones Territoriales
      Análisis específico Sitio para viviendas biclimáticas
      Planteamiento del Problema
      Recopilación de Datos
      Recopliación de Legislación Vigente
      Definición Límite Territorial (Zonificación)
      Propuesta de Infraestructura
      Definir Propuesta de Diseño Arquitectónico
      Visitas de Reconocimiento
      Procesamiento de Datos
      Identificar potencialidades y limitantes
      Elaboración de Encuesta
      Análisis de la Información
      DIAGNÓSTICO
      Propuesta de Equipamiento y Estructura (Vialidad)
      Politicas de Desarrollo y Base Económica
      PROPUESTA DE ORDENAMIENTO TERRITORIAL
      FASE DIAGNÓSTICO
      FASE PROPUESTA
    • 8. ASPECTOS RELEVANTES DEL PROYECTO
      NÚCLEOS TEMÁTICOS/ NÚCLEOS TEMÁTICOS/ NÚCLEOS TEMÁTICOS
      ECOURBANISMO:
      Criterio fundamental es el uso de materiales sostenibles-ecológicos; partiendo de que éstos y las tecnologías propuestas consideran modos de producción limpios e incentivan la organización comunitaria. Un ejemplo de esto, es el uso de la piedra bola, encontrada en el sitio, y que se incorpora para la construcción de la vivienda y las áreas públicas
      ADECUACIÓN AL CLIMA
      -A escala territorial y arquitectónica se aplican criterios de arquitectura bioclimática, para crear condiciones de confort para los habitantes. Este criterio se expresa en el proceso de organización y disposición de los espacios (y territoriales) realizando un estudio de las incidencias de sol y vientos principalmente.
      PROYECTO REFORESTACIÓN:
      Se propone la preservación y consolidación de los ecosistemas naturales del sector: marítimos, lacustres, manglares y boscosos.
    • 9. CONCLUSIONES
      La elaboración de un PODT para El Ostional; así como el prototipo de vivienda; proveerá los principios rectores necesarios para el correcto crecimiento y desarrollo local de la población y de la comunidad.
      2. El Diseño, tanto a nivel territorial como arquitectónico se enmarca en un criterio general de Desarrollo Sostenible.
      3. La propuesta implica el uso de criterios ecológicos como: adecuación al clima, reforestación de áreas vegetales y uso de materiales locales.
      4. El uso del medio ambiente como elemento rector en el diseño, además de favorecer a la comodidad de los usuarios, beneficia a la reducción de vulnerabilidades, contribuye a la gestión de riesgos físicos, propicia la conservación de los recursos naturales y por tanto, determina la apropiación de la población con respecto al proyecto.
    • 10. REFERENCIAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS
      Anónimo; (2000), Eco-técnicas aplicadas a la Arquitectura. Recuperado el 27 de Octubre de 2010 de: http://www.ecotec2000.de/espanol/arqfaq/arqtop.htm
      Banco Mundial (BM); (2010), Desarrollo Sostenible; Recuperado el 27 de Octubre de 2010; de: http://www.worldbank.org/depweb/spanish/sd.html
      Gaona, Alejandro. (2006). Desarrollo sostenible y desarrollo solidario. Recuperado el 16 de noviembre de 2010 de: http://site.ebrary.com/lib/ucanicaraguasp/Doc?id=10122976&ppg=6Copyright © 2006. Red Comunicar. All rights reserved.
      INETER, (2009), Metodología del Ordenamiento Territorial. Recuperado el 27 de octubre de 2010 de: http://www.ineter.gob.ni/Direcciones/ordenamiento/Metodologia.html
      Martínez, C.G.; (2005); Arquitectura Bioclimática Sostenible, un viejo descubrimiento. Recuperado el 27 de Octubre de: http://www.blogenergiasrenovables.com /index.php/2008/06/arquitectura-bioclimatica-sostenible-un-viejo-descubrimiento/
      Rodríguez, F.G.; (2010), Definición Desarrollo Sostenible; Recuperado el 27 de Octubre de 2010; de: http://ccqc.pangea.org/cast/sosteni/soscast.htm
      Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales de México; (2008). Recuperado 27 de Octubre de 2010 de http://reliot.ine.gob.mx/defint.html
      Sosa Flores, Miguel (ed.) (Editor); Hernández Pérez, Flor Ángel; Fuente Flores, Franklin de la. (2007). Desarrollo sostenible: sus dimensiones. Recuperado el 16 de noviembre de 2010 de: http://site.ebrary.com/lib/ucanicaraguasp/Doc?id=10159956&ppg=11. Copyright © 2007. El Cid Editor. All rights reserved.
    • 11. Muchas Gracias porsuAtención•
      Muchas Gracias porsuAtención•

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