The Changing Role of the Classroom Teacher in Future Educational Technology Cheryl Blackmore Memorial University Education...
The Information Age <ul><li>“The advent of the information society has called into question many of our assumptions about ...
Classroom-based Instruction - Unchanged for Centuries 1 <ul><li>Independent student work 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Students as p...
Historical Perspective <ul><li>Teacher-centered instruction 16 </li></ul><ul><li>Instructor = distributor of information  ...
Current Perspective <ul><li>Engagement in and interaction with technology is inconsistent 11 </li></ul><ul><li>Instruction...
The Information Age
Effective Learning Tasks 8
<ul><li>The task should be: 8 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Purposeful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
The Technological Shift in Education
From the Industrial Age…
To the Information Age
Enhancing Education <ul><li>Technology in education allows teaching and learning to become: 14 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dynam...
The Shift in the Role of the Teacher
Teacher Role Comparison <ul><li>Historically: </li></ul><ul><li>Instruction 16 </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher-centered 16 </li>...
Innovation in Education <ul><li>A new model of teacher leadership in educational technology is necessary 15 </li></ul><ul>...
The Changing Work of Teachers 7 <ul><li>Teachers will spend more time: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting individuals </li><...
Students First 9 <ul><li>Student-teacher relationship becomes reciprocal </li></ul><ul><li>Inquiry-based activities </li><...
Distance Learning = Further Change
Cooperative Learning <ul><li>The responsibility for learning shifts from educator to student 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Students ...
A Question of Beliefs <ul><li>If technology education is to succeed, the beliefs of teachers must be confronted 3 </li></u...
Addressing Assumptions <ul><li>To ensure success of technology in education, teachers must: 11 </li></ul><ul><li>Address i...
Framework for 21st Century Learning 13 <ul><li>Essential Scaffolding : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching skills discretely an...
The Future of Educational Technology
The Innovative Teacher <ul><li>“ Only a teacher, live in the classroom, can bring about the thrill of discovery” (The Role...
The role of the teacher is certain to change dramatically as it shifts…
From: <ul><li>Transmitter 16 </li></ul><ul><li>In control 7 </li></ul><ul><li>Rooted in history 1 </li></ul>
To: <ul><li>Facilitator 12 </li></ul><ul><li>Guide 17 </li></ul><ul><li>Mentor 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Co-learner 9 </li></ul>
References <ul><ul><ul><li>1. Annand, D. (2007). Re ‐ organizing universities for the information age. International Revie...
<ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.Hashim, H. & Mustapha, W. (2005). Computers:  Educational technology paradox?  The Turkish  Journal ...
<ul><ul><ul><ul><li>7. Jenkins, J. (1999). Teaching for tomorrow: The  changing role of teachers in the connected  classro...
<ul><ul><ul><ul><li>10.Murchu, D. (2005). New teacher and student roles  in the technology-supported, language  classroom....
<ul><ul><ul><li>13. Partnership for 21 st  Century Skills. (2004). Framework for 21st  century learning. Retrieved July 30...
<ul><ul><ul><ul><li>17. W ellburn, E., Francis, L., Riecken, T.& Farragher, P. (1993).  Changing roles: technology, staff ...
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Slidecast Module3

  1. 1. The Changing Role of the Classroom Teacher in Future Educational Technology Cheryl Blackmore Memorial University Education 6620-081
  2. 2. The Information Age <ul><li>“The advent of the information society has called into question many of our assumptions about education.” 7 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Classroom-based Instruction - Unchanged for Centuries 1 <ul><li>Independent student work 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Students as passive recipients 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Rote memorization of facts 2 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Historical Perspective <ul><li>Teacher-centered instruction 16 </li></ul><ul><li>Instructor = distributor of information 10, 12, 17 </li></ul><ul><li>“ One size fits all” education 2 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Current Perspective <ul><li>Engagement in and interaction with technology is inconsistent 11 </li></ul><ul><li>Instruction is based on Industrial-age educational models 5 </li></ul><ul><li>The needs of the Information age require innovative educational models 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment = tests and papers 10 </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Information Age
  7. 7. Effective Learning Tasks 8
  8. 8. <ul><li>The task should be: 8 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Purposeful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contributory </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Students should: 8 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Define projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make useful contributions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learner-controlled environment 8 </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Technological Shift in Education
  10. 10. From the Industrial Age…
  11. 11. To the Information Age
  12. 12. Enhancing Education <ul><li>Technology in education allows teaching and learning to become: 14 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dynamic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New and innovative </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. The Shift in the Role of the Teacher
  14. 14. Teacher Role Comparison <ul><li>Historically: </li></ul><ul><li>Instruction 16 </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher-centered 16 </li></ul><ul><li>“ sage on stage” 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Now and Beyond: </li></ul><ul><li>Construction 16 </li></ul><ul><li>Learner-centered 16 </li></ul><ul><li>“ guide on the side” 5 </li></ul>
  15. 15. Innovation in Education <ul><li>A new model of teacher leadership in educational technology is necessary 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusion of ICT means a change in locus of control in the classroom 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Professional growth model for IT use and understanding is key 14 </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Changing Work of Teachers 7 <ul><li>Teachers will spend more time: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting individuals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizing team work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Managing classroom activity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Teachers will spend less time: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Whole class teaching </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Students First 9 <ul><li>Student-teacher relationship becomes reciprocal </li></ul><ul><li>Inquiry-based activities </li></ul><ul><li>Interdisciplinary method of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Activities are structured around student need and interest </li></ul>
  18. 18. Distance Learning = Further Change
  19. 19. Cooperative Learning <ul><li>The responsibility for learning shifts from educator to student 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Students and teacher work together to: 6, 17 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set learning objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design learning activities </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. A Question of Beliefs <ul><li>If technology education is to succeed, the beliefs of teachers must be confronted 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Instructional beliefs strongly influence curricular decisions made in the classroom 3 </li></ul>
  21. 21. Addressing Assumptions <ul><li>To ensure success of technology in education, teachers must: 11 </li></ul><ul><li>Address instructional assumptions </li></ul><ul><li>Relax control within the classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Engage learners </li></ul><ul><li>Model high standards of responsible learners </li></ul>
  22. 22. Framework for 21st Century Learning 13 <ul><li>Essential Scaffolding : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching skills discretely and within context </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing opportunities for interdisciplinary skill application </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrating technologies in innovative learning opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraging learning beyond the classroom </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. The Future of Educational Technology
  24. 24. The Innovative Teacher <ul><li>“ Only a teacher, live in the classroom, can bring about the thrill of discovery” (The Role of the Teacher in Ed-Tech Section, ¶1) 4 </li></ul>
  25. 25. The role of the teacher is certain to change dramatically as it shifts…
  26. 26. From: <ul><li>Transmitter 16 </li></ul><ul><li>In control 7 </li></ul><ul><li>Rooted in history 1 </li></ul>
  27. 27. To: <ul><li>Facilitator 12 </li></ul><ul><li>Guide 17 </li></ul><ul><li>Mentor 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Co-learner 9 </li></ul>
  28. 28. References <ul><ul><ul><li>1. Annand, D. (2007). Re ‐ organizing universities for the information age. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning 8(3). Retrieved July 30, 2009, from http://www. irrodl .org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/372/952 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. Dede, C. (2005). Planning for neomillennial learning styles. Educause Quarterly 28(1) . Retrieved July 30, 2009, from http://www. educause . edu/EDUCAUSE +Quarterly/EDUCAUSEQuarterlyMagazineVolum/PlanningforNeomillennialLearni/157325 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3. Handal, B. (2004). Teachers’ instructional beliefs about integrating educational technology. Journal of Science and Technology (e-JIST) 7 (1). Retrieved July 30, 2009 from http://www. ascilite .org.au/ajet/e-jist/docs/Vol7_No1/Commentary/Teachers_ins_beliefs. htm </li></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.Hashim, H. & Mustapha, W. (2005). Computers: Educational technology paradox? The Turkish Journal of Educational Technology 4(3) . Retrieved July 26, 2009 from http://www. tojet .net/articles/438. htm </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5. Huebner, M. & Wiener, R. (2001). Distance education in 2001. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 95 (9). Retrieved July 30, 2009 from http://www. afb .org/jvib/JVIB950902.asp </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>6. Isman, A., Dabaj, F., Altinay, Z. & Altinay, F. (2004). Roles of students and teachers in distance education . International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning, 1 (5). Retrieved July 30, 2009 from http: //itdl .org/Journal/May_04/article05. htm </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>7. Jenkins, J. (1999). Teaching for tomorrow: The changing role of teachers in the connected classroom. EDEN 1999 Open Classroom Conference.Retrieved July 26, 2009 from http://www. eden-online . org/papers/jenkins . pdf </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8. Kearsley, G. & Shneiderman, B (1998). Engagement theory: A framework for technology-based teaching and learning. Educational Technology 38(5). Retrieved July 26, 2009 from http://home. sprynet . com/~gkearsley/engage . htm </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>9. Maine Education Policy Research Institute (2004). Trading roles: Teachers and students learn with technology. Report: J. Fairman. Retrieved July 30, 2009 from http: //usm . maine .edu/cepare/Reports/MLTI_Report3. pdf </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>10.Murchu, D. (2005). New teacher and student roles in the technology-supported, language classroom. International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning, 2 (2). Retrieved July 30, 2009 from http://www. itdl .org/Journal/Feb_05/index. htm </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>11. Oblinger, D., & Oblinger, J. (Eds.). (2004). Educating the net generation [e ‐ Book]. Retrieved July 30, 2009 from http://www. educause . edu/educatingthenetgen </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>12. O’Neil, T. (2009). How distance education has changed teaching and the role of the instructor. Information Systems Education Journal, 7( 48 ). Retrieved July 30, 2009 from http: //isedj .org/7/48/ISEDJ.7(48). ONeil . pdf </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><ul><ul><li>13. Partnership for 21 st Century Skills. (2004). Framework for 21st century learning. Retrieved July 30, 2009, from http://www.21stcenturyskills.org/index. php ? option=com_content &task=view&id=254& Itemid= 120 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>14. Reid, S. (2002). Teachers’ views on technology and the future of teaching. International Electronic Journal for Leadership in Learning 6(21). Retrieved July 26, 2009 from http://www. ucalgary .ca/iejll/reid_s </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>15. Sherry, L., & Gibson, D. (2002). The path to teacher leadership in educational technology. Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education 2 (2). Retrieved July 30, 2009 from http://www. citejournal .org/vol2/iss2/general/article2.cfm </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>16. Tapscott, D. (1998). Growing up digital: The rise of the net generation . New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Companies </li></ul></ul></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>17. W ellburn, E., Francis, L., Riecken, T.& Farragher, P. (1993). Changing roles: technology, staff development and action research at a Canadian middle school. Technology, Pedagogy and Education,2 (2),155 — 165. Retrieved July 30, 2009 from http: //pdfserve . informaworld .com/242980__750842837. pdf </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
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