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  • 1. Super Advanced Search Techniques Wildcards •Truncation •Proximity • Erin L. Nagel, Clayton State University Library
  • 2. Wildcard searching Not as scary as it sounds  Use for search terms with unknown characters and alternate spellings 
  • 3. Wildcard symbols ? = Match exactly one letter # = Match zero or one letter * = Match multiple letters
  • 4. Wildcard examples Match only one letter per ?  Plurals   wom?n  International spelling  defen?e   woman, women  defense, defence Use one ? for each character  psychology, psychiatry, NOT psychotherapy  psych????y  Unsure of spelling  Devi?nce  devience, deviance
  • 5. Wildcard examples Match zero or one letter  International spellings   colo#r  Plural  color#   color, colour, NOT colors or colours  color, colors, NOT colour or colours Unsure of spelling  enviro#ment   enviroment, environment Combine wildcards  colo # r#  color, colors, colour, colours
  • 6. Wildcard examples Match multiple letters  International spellings   orthop*dic   orthopedic, orthopaedic Related concepts  psychology, psychiatry, psychotherapy, psychopathy  psych*y  Replace entire word  “A Midsummer * dream”  A midsummer night’s dream
  • 7. Truncation searching Not as fun as vacation searching  Use to search for various endings to root words  Use asterisk symbol 
  • 8. Truncation examples  International spellings  theat*   theater, theatre, ALSO theatrical Various endings  computer, computing, computation  psycho*  psychology, psychopathic, psychopathology, psychotherapy  comput*  Use as many common letters as possible  colonoscopy, colonization, colon, colony  coloni*  colonization, colonies, colonialism  colon*
  • 9. Proximity searching  Find results that contain two or more search terms within a specified number of words of each other  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iZhEcRrMA-M
  • 10. Proximity search operators    Near (N) = ignores word order Within (W) = maintains word order Use with a letter to specify the maximum number of words to appear between your search terms  N8  W5  Place operator between your search terms  psychotherapy N5  arts W4 school benefit
  • 11. NEAR (ignores word order)  (psychotherapy N5 benefit) vs. (psychotherapy AND benefit)  psychotherapy AND benefit= 25,533 results  psychotherapy N5 benefit = 2,444 results  Benefits and challenges in practiceoriented psychotherapy research in Germany  Does Psychotherapy Benefit Pre and Post-operative Anxiety in Eye Diseases?  Association of psychotherapy with disability benefit claim closure among patients disabled due to depression.
  • 12. WITHIN (maintains word order)  (tax W4 reform) vs. (tax AND reform )  tax AND reform= 175,210 results  tax W4 reform = 82,626 results  Pathways to Tax Reform Revisited  Tax Law and Healthcare Reform  NOT = Identifying Key American Taxpayer Relief Act and Health Care Reform Changes in Year-End Tax Planning.  NOT = ALTERNATIVE PROPOSALS FOR THE REFORM OF INTERNATIONAL TAX.
  • 13. Combine tools to maximize your search  Boolean + proximity  healthcare  Truncation + Boolean  olympi*  W8 (legislation OR reform OR law) AND athlet* Wildcard + truncation + Boolean  wom?n AND (equal* OR rights) AND (work* OR employ*)  Wildcard + proximity + truncation  orthop*dic N6 rehabilit*
  • 14. A word of caution These operators will work in Galileo discover searching (from library home page or Galileo home page)  Different databases use different operators  Always use “Help” menu when searching in a different database 
  • 15. Need more help?        Get help from a CSU Librarian In-person By phone- (678) 466-4346 Online chat Text message- (678) 845-8398 Email http://clayton.edu/library/Ask-a-librarian Erin L. Nagel, Clayton State University Library