Library Research and Web Evaluation- Nagel
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Library Research and Web Evaluation- Nagel Library Research and Web Evaluation- Nagel Presentation Transcript

  • INTRO TO LIBRARYRESEARCHENGL 1101Fall 2012Erin L. Nagel
  • Library research• What do I want to know? • Define an information need and develop a strategy• Where do I find it? • Know where to look• How do I know if it’s right for me? • Evaluate information before you use it
  • Define an information need• Review your assignment • How many sources? What type(s)? What is the audience? What is the intended purpose?• Brainstorm for ideas • Talk to friends; browse web; read newspaper• Identify main topic and related concepts • Use a thesaurus; break down by subtopic• Put it all together • Develop a search strategy
  • Search strategy• Use “ “ or ( ) to keep words together & in order, i.e., “senior citizens” or (senior citizens)• Connect with Boolean operators • AND is AND = narrow automatically used by Google and other search engines to combine terms. OR = expand • Sometimes a program will use a + or – to NOT = exclude substitute for AND or NOT
  • PUT IT INTO PRACTICEDeveloping search terms
  • Search terms• Use these anywhere CONCEPT 1 CONCEPT 2 CONCEPT 3 Main topic Related concept Subtopic OR OR OR AND AND synonym synonym synonym OR OR OR synonym synonym synonym
  • Know where to look• Looking for books? • Use books for comprehensive information, often with an historical perspective • Find books in the library catalog• Looking for articles? • Articles are shorter and more current than books. Use when you need in-depth but narrowly focused information • Find articles in an article database• Looking for internet resources? • Internet resources are the most current sources for information. Use the internet when you are looking for current information on a broad variety of topics • Find internet resources online, but not just anywhere…
  • How to find: Internet Resources• Search engines not all created equal!• Subject directories organized links to resources• Online reference Reference sources (dictionaries, encyclopedias, etc.)• Online periodicals Some are free• Web portal may be general or subject- specific• Professional & Trade organizations websites provide industry news, directories, etc.
  • PUT IT INTO PRACTICESearching the internet
  • Evaluating Information• Authority• Currency• Content • Audience • Purpose/Scope • Objectivity/Bias • Accuracy • Quality TIP: Trust no one!
  • Evaluate: AuthorityWho wrote the information?What are his/her/their credentials?What affiliations, if any, does the author have?Is contact information provided?Who published the work?Who sponsored the work?
  • Evaluate: CurrencyWhen was the work published?Are there multiple editions?Examine currency of references NOTE: Old ≠ Bad! ex: Historical information does not need to be revisited as often as technological information
  • Evaluate: ContentWho is the intended audience?What is the purpose?What is the scope?Examine objectivityExamine for accuracyIs the information verifiable?Evaluate overall quality
  • PUT IT INTO PRACTICEEvaluating websites
  • Step 1: Look at the URL• The URL gives you clues about the author, owner, and/or publisher of the information• Is it a personal webpage? • Look for symbols like ~ or %, names, or words like users or members• What type of domain? • .org, .com, .edu, etc.• What else does the domain name tell you? • Does it make sense with your topic? protocol://subdomain.domain.topleveldomain/folder/file.type protocol://subdomain.domain.topleveldomain/folder/page#anchor
  • URL domainsExtension Type.edu Educational institution.com Commercial organization.gov Government agency.mil Military entities.net Internet service providers.org Non-profit, religious, charity.aero Air transportation industry.biz Businesses.coop Cooperatives.info Information.museum Museums~ Personal Web page2-letter country Web server in specified countrycode
  • Your turn! Topic: Alvin Ailey Topic: Birds• http://www.pbs.org/wnet • http://www.members /freetodance/biographie .tripod.com/~DAdam s/ailey.html • Great Performances: Free To s/qkbrdinf.html Dance - Biographies - Alvin • Danis Pet Bird Care and Ailey Safety Tips and Information• http://movingthroughsp ace.wordpress.com/201 • http://www.birdso 0/10/22/alvin-aileys- urce.org/gbbc/ revelations/ • Alvin Aileys Revelations « • The Great Backyard Move Through Space Bird Count
  • Step 2: Skim for basic info• Who is the author? Is contact information provided? • Look for “Contact us” link, email address, etc.• What are the author’s/producer’s values?• What are the author’s credentials? Why should you believe him/her? • Look for “About” link• How current is the information? • Look for copyright or update date (usually at the bottom)
  • Step 3: Assess the content• Are sources provided?• Are there links to suggested resources or further reading?• If bias is present, are there links to other points of view? • Look for footnotes or web links to sources cited. Look for “See also” or “Related links” • Do the links work?• What is the page’s purpose? • Inform, sell, entertain, rant, parody, persuade?• Is the information complete?• Do the conclusions seem logical?• Is it professional? • Look for grammar errors and typos. How does the page “feel”?
  • Your turn! Topic: Alvin Ailey Topic: Birds• http://www.pbs.org/wnet • http://www.members /freetodance/biographie .tripod.com/~DAdam s/ailey.html • Great Performances: Free To s/qkbrdinf.html Dance - Biographies - Alvin • Danis Pet Bird Care and Ailey Safety Tips and Information• http://movingthroughsp ace.wordpress.com/201 • http://www.birdso 0/10/22/alvin-aileys- urce.org/gbbc/ revelations/ • Alvin Aileys Revelations « • The Great Backyard Move Through Space Bird Count
  • Step 4: See what others say• Who else uses the page? • Enter the URL into http://alexa.com • Try a Google search with “link:www.pagename.com/file/path.htm”• What else is known about the author/creator/publisher? • Enter the URL into http://whois.net • Perform an internet search
  • Your turn! Topic: Alvin Ailey Topic: Birds• http://www.pbs.org/wnet • http://www.members /freetodance/biographie .tripod.com/~DAdam s/ailey.html • Great Performances: Free To s/qkbrdinf.html Dance - Biographies - Alvin • Danis Pet Bird Care and Ailey Safety Tips and Information• http://movingthroughsp ace.wordpress.com/201 • http://www.birdso 0/10/22/alvin-aileys- urce.org/gbbc/ revelations/ • Alvin Aileys Revelations « • The Great Backyard Move Through Space Bird Count
  • Step 5: Final decision• Is it good enough? • Would you find information of a similar quality in a printed or subscription resource? • Is it right for your assignment based on your answers in the previous steps?
  • Putting it all together • Know your assignment • Clarify your topic • Be flexible in your search • Critically evaluate your resources“Intro to Library Research” © 2012 Erin Nagel uses material from “Google and Beyond Slides” by UC Berkeley Library, Copyright © 2012The Regents of the University of California available at http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/TeachingLib/Guides/Internet/Handouts.html usedunder a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/ )