ENGL 1102Information LiteracyOutcomes Critically evaluate information using applicable criteria Appropriately use information to fulfill the identified need
Library research What do I want to know? Define an information need and develop a strategy How do I find it? Know where to look Implement search strategy How do I know if it’s right for me? Evaluate information before you use it
Define an information need Review your assignment How many sources? What type(s)? What is the audience? What is the intended purpose? Brainstorm for ideas Talk to friends; browse web; read newspaper Identify main topic and related concepts Use a thesaurus; break down by subtopic Put it all together Develop a search strategy
Search strategy Use “ “ or ( ) to keep words together & in order, i.e., “senior citizens” or (senior citizens) Connect with Boolean operators • AND is AND = narrow automatically used by Google and other search engines to combine terms. OR = expand • Sometimes a program will use a + or – to NOT = exclude substitute for AND or NOT
Online Resources today’s information broad, variety perspective questionable reliability and stability find resources from reliable online sources
How to find: Internet Resources Search engines not all created equal! Subject directories organized links to resources Professional & Trade organizations websites provide industry news, directories, etc.
Know Your Domains Extension Type .edu Educational institution .org Non-profit service organizations .gov Government agency .mil Military entities .biz Businesses .com Commercial organization .net Internet service providers
EVALUATINGINFORMATION Critically evaluate information using applicable criteria
Evaluate: AuthorityWho wrote the information?What are his/her/their credentials?What affiliations, if any, does the author have?Is contact information provided?Who published the work?Who sponsored the work?
Evaluate: CurrencyWhen was the work published?Are there multiple editions?Examine currency of references NOTE: Old ≠ Bad! ex: Historical information does not need to be revisited as often as technological information
Evaluate: ContentWho is the intended audience?What is the purpose?What is the scope?Examine objectivityExamine for accuracyIs the information verifiable?Evaluate overall quality