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  • We’re going to use the Developing a Search Strategy worksheet. First, let’s decide on a topic to research. Now, a research topic is rarely about ONE thing. So think of 2 or 3 main concepts that you’ll be investigating. Then come up with as many synonyms and related terms as you can. In the table on the second half of the worksheet, write your main concepts in the top row and the synonyms below each term. These become your search terms that you will combine with Boolean operators to search any database or search engine. When one combination of terms and operators doesn’t work, simply try another. As you search, keep an eye out for new terms and synonyms that you can add to your chart.
  • Here are some examples of search boxes. Look at how they differ with regard to the use of Boolean operators and different fields. The last example is from Google scholar. It’s using Boolean searching without the operators. Can you tell which descriptions replace which search methods?
  • Authority: Who wrote the information? What are his/her/their credentials? What affiliations, if any, does the author have? Is contact information provided? Who published the work? Who sponsored the work? Currency: When was the work published? Are there multiple editions? Examine currency of referencesContent: Who is the intended audience? What is the purpose? What is the scope? Examine objectivity Examine for accuracy Is the information verifiable? Evaluate overallquality
  • Created by Cardiff University Information Services.This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License.
  • Created by Cardiff University Information Services.This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License.
  • Created by Cardiff University Information Services.This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License.
  • Created by Cardiff University Information Services.This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License.
  • Created by Cardiff University Information Services.This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License.
  • Honesty is founding principle of our nation and something we should all strive toward.
  • When you use someone else’s words or ideas as your own, you are cheating. Not only are you cheating the other person out of his/her deserved recognition or even money, you are cheating yourself out of the opportunity to learn a new skill. You are cheating yourself out of the opportunity to receive feedback from your instructor on how you can improve.
  • Like theft, plagiarism can have serious consequences from poor grades to incarceration.
  • Sanctions may range from a zero on the assignment, F in the course, suspension for one year, or expulsion from the university.

Transcript

  • 1. Information Literacy OutcomesEfficiently access information relevant to the identified need Search strategy and methodsCritically evaluate information using applicable criteria Evaluating internet sourcesAppropriately use information to fulfill the identified need Avoiding plagiarism
  • 2. Develop a search strategyIdentify main topicBrainstorm for related conceptsCome up with synonyms Use a thesaurus
  • 3. Search strategy Use “ “ or ( ) to keep words together & in order, i.e., “senior citizens” or (senior citizens) Connect with Boolean operators AND isAND = narrow automatically used by Google and other search engines to combine terms.OR = expand Sometimes a program will use a + or – toNOT = exclude substitute for AND or NOT
  • 4. PUT IT INTO PRACTICEDeveloping search terms
  • 5. Search terms Use these anywhere CONCEPT 1 CONCEPT 2 CONCEPT 3 OR AN OR OR AND D OR OR OR • (Concept1 OR Synonym1A) AND Concept 2 • Concept 1 AND (Concept2 OR Synonym2B) AND Concept3 • (Concept1 OR Synonym1A OR Synonym1B) AND Synonym3A
  • 6. Search methods Keyword  Everyday language  Searches everywhere in an item’s record  MORE results, but may be LESS accurate Subject  Formal language  Specific, predetermined terms  FEWER results, but may be MORE accurate Other fields  Search in specific fields like Title or Author  Options vary by database
  • 7. Search Methods
  • 8. KNOW WHERE TO LOOKBooksArticlesOnline resources
  • 9. Use your search strategy anywhereTo find… Look in…Books  CSU Catalog  GIL Express CatalogArticles  Online database  GALILEOOnline  Internet search engineresources  Subject directory  Digital library
  • 10. Where to start
  • 11. EVALUATINGINFORMATION Critically evaluate information using applicable criteria
  • 12. Evaluating Information Authority Currency Content  Audience  Purpose/Scope  Objectivity/Bias  Accuracy  Quality TIP: Trust no one!
  • 13. PUT IT INTO PRACTICEEvaluating websites
  • 14. Step 1: Look at the URL The URL gives you clues about the author, owner, and/or publisher of the information Is it a personal webpage?  Look for symbols like ~ or %, names, or words like users or members What type of domain?  .org, .com, .edu, etc. What else does the domain name tell you?  Does it make sense with your topic? protocol://subdomain.domain.topleveldomain/folder/file.type protocol://subdomain.domain.topleveldomain/folder/page#anchor
  • 15. URL domainsExtension Type.edu Educational institution.com Commercial organization.gov Government agency.mil Military entities.net Internet service providers.org Non-profit, religious, charity.aero Air transportation industry.biz Businesses.coop Cooperatives.info Information.museum Museums~ Personal Web page2-letter country Web server in specified countrycode
  • 16. Your turn! Topic: Alvin Ailey Topic: Birds• http://www.pbs.org/wnet • http://www.members /freetodance/biographie .tripod.com/~DAdam s/ailey.html • Great Performances: Free To s/qkbrdinf.html Dance - Biographies - Alvin • Danis Pet Bird Care and Ailey Safety Tips and Information• http://movingthroughsp ace.wordpress.com/201 • http://www.birdso 0/10/22/alvin-aileys- urce.org/gbbc/ revelations/ • Alvin Aileys Revelations « • The Great Backyard Move Through Space Bird Count
  • 17. Step 2: Skim for basic info Who is the author? Is contact information provided?  Look for “Contact us” link, email address, etc. What are the author’s/producer’s values? What are the author’s credentials? Why should you believe him/her?  Look for “About” link How current is the information?  Look for copyright or update date (usually at the bottom)
  • 18. Step 3: Assess the content Are sources provided? Are there links to suggested resources or further reading? If bias is present, are there links to other points of view?  Look for footnotes or web links to sources cited. Look for “See also” or “Related links”  Do the links work? What is the page’s purpose?  Inform, sell, entertain, rant, parody, persuade? Is the information complete? Do the conclusions seem logical? Is it professional?  Look for grammar errors and typos. How does the page “feel”?
  • 19. Your turn! Topic: Alvin Ailey Topic: Birds• http://www.pbs.org/wnet • http://www.members /freetodance/biographie .tripod.com/~DAdam s/ailey.html • Great Performances: Free To s/qkbrdinf.html Dance - Biographies - Alvin • Danis Pet Bird Care and Ailey Safety Tips and Information• http://movingthroughsp ace.wordpress.com/201 • http://www.birdso 0/10/22/alvin-aileys- urce.org/gbbc/ revelations/ • Alvin Aileys Revelations « • The Great Backyard Move Through Space Bird Count
  • 20. Step 4: See what others say Who else uses the page?  Enter the URL into http://alexa.com  Try a Google search with “link:www.pagename.com/file/path.htm” What else is known about the author/creator/publisher?  Enter the URL into http://whois.net  Perform an internet search
  • 21. Your turn! Topic: Alvin Ailey Topic: Birds• http://www.pbs.org/wnet • http://www.members /freetodance/biographie .tripod.com/~DAdam s/ailey.html • Great Performances: Free To s/qkbrdinf.html Dance - Biographies - Alvin • Danis Pet Bird Care and Ailey Safety Tips and Information• http://movingthroughsp ace.wordpress.com/201 • http://www.birdso 0/10/22/alvin-aileys- urce.org/gbbc/ revelations/ • Alvin Aileys Revelations « • The Great Backyard Move Through Space Bird Count
  • 22. Step 5: Final decision Is it good enough?  Would you find information of a similar quality in a printed or subscription resource?  Is it right for your assignment based on your answers in the previous steps?
  • 23. Detailed Record- Article
  • 24. Detailed Record- Book
  • 25. USING INFORMATION Appropriately use information to fulfill the identified need
  • 26. Information ethics Intellectual property- Anything created by a person’s mind, including artwork, music, invention, ideas, literature, etc. Copyright- Regulates the sale and reproduction of intellectual property. Automatic! Plagiarism- Using another’s intellectual property without acknowledgement Public domain- A work that is no longer under copyright protection Fair use- Freedom to reproduce and distribute copyrighted intellectual property for educational or research purposes. Academic integrity- Moral and ethical code of academia. Avoid cheating in all of its forms, maintain classroom standards, and maintain honesty and rigor in scholarly
  • 27. Is it ok to……use the ideas of another authorwithout providing a reference, even ifyou write them in your own words? Even if you do not directly copy the authors words you must provide a reference when you talk about their ideas. Adapted from: “Is it Plagiarism?” https://ilrb.cf.ac.uk/plagiarism/quiz/index.html Created by Cardiff University Information Services.
  • 28. Is it ok to……submit all or part of one essay fortwo separate assignments? Although this may surprise you, self-plagiarism is a form of plagiarism and is not permitted. Adapted from: “Is it Plagiarism?” https://ilrb.cf.ac.uk/plagiarism/quiz/index.html Created by Cardiff University Information Services.
  • 29. Is it ok to……include a fact or saying in yourassignment which is generally knownwithout providing a reference? If a fact is generally well known or common knowledge then you dont need to reference it. Bear in mind that what you consider to be common knowledge may not be well known to others, if in doubt provide a reference Adapted from: “Is it Plagiarism?” https://ilrb.cf.ac.uk/plagiarism/quiz/index.html Created by Cardiff University Information Services.
  • 30. Is it ok to……incorporate text from another source,changing one or two words andproviding a citation? If you do not intend to quote directly from the source, you must write about it in your own words. Using too many words from the original source is plagiarism, even if you provide a reference. Adapted from: “Is it Plagiarism?” https://ilrb.cf.ac.uk/plagiarism/quiz/index.html Created by Cardiff University Information Services.
  • 31. Is it ok to……use the ideas of another authorwithout providing a reference, even ifyou write them in your own words? Even if you do not directly copy the authors words you must provide a reference when you talk about their ideas. Adapted from: “Is it Plagiarism?” https://ilrb.cf.ac.uk/plagiarism/quiz/index.html Created by Cardiff University Information Services.
  • 32. Is it ok to……copy a diagram or data table from aweb site, providing a reference for thesource underneath? You can include a table, diagram or image from another source as long as you provide a reference. Adapted from: “Is it Plagiarism?” https://ilrb.cf.ac.uk/plagiarism/quiz/index.html Created by Cardiff University Information Services.
  • 33. Why is this important? Plagiarism is dishonestHonesty is the firstchapter in the Bookof wisdom. Let it beour endeavor tomerit the character
  • 34. Why is this important? Plagiarism is cheating By Authors modification of original by Rob Qld on Flickr. [CC-BY-2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons; http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/42/Acinonyx_jubatus_walking_edit.jpg
  • 35. Why is this important? Plagiarism is theft
  • 36. CSU Student Code of ConductPlagiarism and Misrepresentation of WorkNo student will represent the work of others as hisor her own. Themes, essays, term papers, tests,presentations and other similar assignments mustbe the work of the student submitting them. Whendirect quotations are used, they must be indicatedand when the ideas of another are incorporated,they must be appropriately cited.1. No student will submit the same assignment fortwo courses without the prior consent of theinstructor From CSU Student Code of Conduct 2012-13; “Conduct Regulations I-E” p.2
  • 37. Avoid plagiarism Take good notes Quote, paraphrase, summari ze Cite!
  • 38. Note-taking Use different color pens and highlighters to mark your ideas and those of your sources Use symbols or abbreviations to indicate direct quotes Clearly label your sources in your notes. Because libraries provide access to copyrighted information and materials they are affected by laws that govern the sharing of these resources. S1: Q- Libraries should stay informed about copyright law and be mindful of the risks associated with providing access
  • 39. Quote Paraphrase SummarizeExact wording of original Rephrase original text in Condense large amount your own words. More of original text into than rearranging words shorter passage or replacing synonymsEnclose text in quotation Read original, look away, Read original, look away,marks and rewrite and condenseIndicate if you add your Do not change meaning. Do not change meaning.own words to providecontext but DO NOTchange meaningInclude citation and note Include citation and text Include citation and textpage number reference to author, i.e., reference to author, i.e., “According to Nagel,….” “According to Nagel,….”
  • 40. Cite your sources! Why?  Citations refer readers to your original source(s)  Provide evidence for your conclusions  Prove you aren’t plagiarizing! When?  Cite any ideas not your own  When in doubt, CITE! How?  Use citation managers to organize your sources  Follow formats in appropriate style guides
  • 41. Putting it all together Be flexible in your search Critically evaluate your resources Use information ethically
  • 42. Next stepsSee Library Research LibGuide for more tips and resources to make your research successful. http://clayton.libguides.com/researchFind this presentation, handouts, and recommended resources at my LibGuide http://clayton.libguides.com/ErinNagel