The Rhetorical Situation The What?ENC 3241 Day 3: Clayton Benjamin
What is Rhetoric? “The art of persuasion.” More broadly: “The newer sense of “rhetoric” implies that whenever humans communicate with other humans, they seek to elicit any number of responses ranging from understanding to emotional reaction to agreement to enlightenment or any one of almost limitless reactions,”OWL Purdue
What is the “RhetoricalSituation?” Elements: ◦ Author: ◦ Text ◦ Context ◦ Audience
Author Someone who uses communication for a purpose. ◦ Eg: entertain, perform, persuade, educate, instruct, sadden, punish... Factors of authorship: ◦ Age ◦ Income ◦ Expertise ◦ Location
Text The medium/media used to disseminate the author’s intention. ◦ Eg: TV commercial, instruction manual, speech, email, letter, book, YouTube video, Prezi, PowerPoint, etc.
Context The situation in which the “writing” is taking place. ◦ Eg: Time, Place, Culture, Online/Offline, Current Events…
Audience The people who will see or hear the message. Audience factors ◦ Socio-Economic Status ◦ Knowledge/Expertise/Education/Subject Familiarity ◦ Political/Religious views ◦ Age ◦ Language ◦ Expectations
Applying Rhet Situation In TechComm User Centered Design: design your documents around your user (audience)! Who is your audience? What prompted the need for the information you need to communicate? (purpose) Who are you? (author) Which medium should be used to effectively communicate? (text)