“DO YOU THINK THAT THE LIFESTYLE OF THE INHABITANTS OF YOUR TOWN OR CITYREFLECTS BEHAVIOR THAT IS IN LINE WITH THECONCEPT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT? INYOUR OPINION, WHAT SHOULD BE IMPROVED?” By Claudio Schlegel García – MBA Applicant
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT"Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present withoutcompromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It contains within it two keyconcepts: the concept of needs, in particular the essential needs of the worlds poor, to which overriding priority should be given; and the idea of limitations imposed by the state of technology and social organization on the environments ability to meet present and future needs.” Bruntland Report’s from Our Common Future Based on this definition it is for me possible to state that sustainable development is a mid and long term investment that will provide a healthy environment for present and future generations.
MY CITY: FEDERAL DISTRICT, MEXICOAccording to the National Institute ofStatistics and Geography INEGI 2010:• Total surface: 22,878 hectares• Population: 8,851,080• Homes: 2,388,534• Average home inhabitants: 3.9• Density: 5862 inhabitant/km²• Elevation: 2,420 m• GDP: $1.527 trillion MXN
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ISSUES: FEDERAL DISTRICT, MEXICO
WATER Availability is extremely low, similar to countries like Egypt or Israel. The availability of natural water is 188 m3/inhabitant. The city’s aquifer is over used by 35%. Additional problems are the waste, the pollution and misuse water. Due the large population, pumping water from surrounding states are expensive. Inadequate extraction of subsoil water through wells is sinking the city. Leakage of water due to lack of investment and misuse has reached almost30%.
ENERGY USE Transportation, housing commercial and public facilities 69% of the energyconsumption in Mexico according to the National Balance of Energy (2004) 90% of the resources used are nonrenewable. Electricity is the 3rd most consumed type of energy and it is mainly consumed inhousing. 75% of the electrical power is generated from fossil fuel used in power plants.This power plants utilize non-renewable resources like natural gas, fuel and oil. Carbon dioxide emissions issued from housing energy consumption represent9% according to the National Institute of Ecology (INE 2004).
AIR POLLUTION The incomplete combustion of hydrocarbons due the city’s altitude and themountains that surround the valley traps the pollution. The liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is another contributor to air pollution. The LPG thatcomes mainly from the household heating and cooking can’t be properly burned due thecity’s altitude. During 2009, 180 days exceeded Mexican national standard for the city’s ozone level
SOLID WASTE Total daily waste equals 12,513 tones. On average every person produces 1.43 kilos of solid waste. Solid waste is generated 47% by homes; 29% by commerce; and 15% byservices. There are no updated waste collection and separation programs by the localgovernment.
TRANSPORTATION 4.5 million vehicles exist. 23 million are taken in a single day and 80% is using public transportation The average time from and to work is 2.5 hours a day According to an IBM-sponsored survey during 2011, Mexico City has the highest driver pain index. Ground transportation is the main cause of the atmospheric pollution Average speed went from 21.7 km/h in 2004 to 12 Km/hr today.
DOES THE LIFESTYLE OF THEINHABITANTS’ REFLECT THE CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT?
THE LIFESTYLE OF THE INHABITANTS DOES NOT REFLECT A COMMITMENT WITH THE CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Because: Inhabitants use of 160 and 300 water liters per shower vs. other cities with similarpopulation like Bogota use on average per person 125 liters. 64% of the population believes the government is the only one that can fix the waterproblem. 89% of the total solid waste is not recycled. 50% of the floods caused by trashed thrown to the streets. Car use has grown by 182% in the past 20 years. Illegal dumpers keep growing promoted by inhabitants. Corruption has lead to unstructured growth of the city.
TRANSPORTATION Mandatory busing plan focused for private schools. (50% of private school aluminum getthere by car transporting 1.3 alums on average) create awareness amongst the citizens to respect the road and the “No parking” signs Better and more efficient public transportation Government and non profit organizations forums to find viable solutions. Government: Develop a shared car benefit program during rush hours for workers and school kids. Create more bicycle friendly paths. Improve and expand the so far successful program public bicycle system ECOBICI bicycles. Subsidies or benefits for the use of green cars and alternative energy.
WATER Forums for schools and families about the water problems and the existing programs. Immediate fixing of leaks and broken pipes. Government phone lines for reporting leaks and broken pipes. efficient use of water programs must be obeyed and followed. Policies to fine business that contaminate or misuse the water.
SOLID WASTE Locate and create more collection centers that buy recyclables. Encourage and support local entrepreneurs to start a recycling business in their area. Analyze and improve the regulations for handling solid waste. strict control and higher fines for business and homes that do not follow the regulations. Buy biodegradable materials Reuse as much as possible materials purchased. Avoid disposable products and plastic Tax subsidy for businesses that prove to generate savings and decrease solid waste. Modernize solid waste collection and separation programs
ENERGY USE Construction companies must use energy saving technology in houses. Reduce household when clean and energy saving technology employed. Disconnecting electronics and turning off lights when not used. Replace electronics and light bulbs with new, energy saving equivalents.
CONCLUSION It is necessary to continue, monitor and expand the sustainable developmentprograms generated by the government and non profit organizations. Adopt stricter measures to penalize and control those who break the laws andregulations established Revise and change the necessary laws and regulations in order to encourageinhabitants and companies to become sustainable. Restructure and monitor campaigns to spread and promote a sustainabledevelopment lifestyle.
BIBLIOGRAPHY INEGI: www2.ine.gob.mx/publicaciones/libros/133/situacion%20en%20mexico.html El Problema del Agua:https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:WcjWVp3RyzAJ:www.paot.org.mx/paot_docs/pdf/basura_df.pdf+&hl=en&gl=mx&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEEShPFiZhgjVTyd6lBuSsx97w-5bD51I7F0lE-KRlcO6HlA1_2VLw8UTJDaniBb8AZfNOgP6vL1oj6UB6aUnWRnhejcrn5BsPCw0smX-buPMAFLlGg1-tExvoWg5h969F4XSKyLxu&sig=AHIEtbT_RZe-pofd3kGoHcOj1HT-nyjDMw INAP Gestión Agua:https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:inbdxQRdAlIJ:www.inap.mx/portal/images/pdf/inapgestionagua.pdf+&hl=en&gl=mx&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESjNCg9qVZ3mNGUCGZqQB4_p6EpveSz9jMsoS-RSEFWR3RJwC6J7xrivoVtcSdpFVqe5jcOP6492XIhIkUQLCfwY9e8NHAm3RAl778Z5MpiV7FgyhnkSo7cdkY-eTwsvu3OClizv&sig=AHIEtbQ3eYYwG1C8wRh_C0oTruQTyG9gzA IMAT El problema del agua: www.imta.gob.mx/index.php?Itemid=121&id=354&option=com_content&view=article Explorando México: Los problemas del agua: http://www.explorandomexico.com.mx/about-mexico/8/297/ El Mundo de Hoy: DF El problema del agua: http://weltmx.blogspot.mx/2009/09/df-el-problema-del-agua-desde-hace-20.html La Crónica: Serios problemas del agua: http://www.cronica.com.mx/nota.php?id_nota=424411 Secretaría del Medio Ambiente GDF, Guía de Recomendaciones para el Ahorro de Energía:https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:6Y3826gDiysJ:www.sma.df.gob.mx/saa/images/descargas/documentos_consulta/guia_ahorro_energia.pdf+&hl=en&gl=mx&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESiut0uLQMXsAPPllRJgsMJritLAAmxCHOz9DAtg5gnTUhBrRHkIgOZf4EQ4D-Kr9zlM064yTdGIqKGluLQOB5c0szX3bKQQ_zvpbnsKf7BmcNDynOrn2aX8xdeMALnHp_JTAjrp&sig=AHIEtbTV9DPIs8YuxUZ94hERT9mEun2mng
BIBLIOGRAPHY II Secretaría Medio Ambiente GDF: Residuos sólidos: http://www.sma.df.gob.mx/rsolidos/ Transparencia Medio Ambiente GDF: http://www.transparenciamedioambiente.df.gob.mx/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&i d=191%3Aconsejos-para-el-mejor-manejo-de-residuos&catid=55%3Aresiduos-solidos&Itemid=446 Secretaría Medio Ambiente GDF: Transporte eficiente: http://www.sma.df.gob.mx/transportesustentable/ Excelsior, Piden al Gobierno del DF soluciones de fondo en el transporte público: http://cencos.org/node/28324 El Universal – Metrópoli: http://www.eluniversal.com.mx/ciudad/index.html Secretaría Medio Ambiente GDF; PROTE Programa de Transporte Escolar: http://www.sma.df.gob.mx/prote/ Procuraduría Ambiental y del Ordenamiento Territorial del DF: http://www.paot.org.mx/noticias/enlosmedios/notas/Nota01_Al-30Ago_07.php Plan Verde en 11 Parrafos: http://www.planverde.df.gob.mx/planverde/ecotips/73-miscelanea/297- plan-verde-en11-parrafos.html Población del DF: cambios importantes entre 2000 y 2010 | Ciudadanos en Red :: Metrópoli 2025: http://ciudadanosenred.com.mx/articulos/poblacion-del-df-cambios-importantes-entre-2000-y-2010