UNIVERSIDAD TECNOLÓGICA DE PEREIRA LICENCIATURA EN LA ENSEÑANZA DE LA LENGUA INGLESA PRONUNCIATION COURSE Claudia Andrea Cárdenas Jiménez1. Write the phonemes that you hear.2. Write the words that you hear.3. Write the phonemes of the underlined letters in the words below. j. Why a. Advertising k. Who b. Architect l. Unique c. Write m. Scissors d. Culture n. City e. Acquire o. Phone f. Ancient p. Know g. Revision q. Very h. Education r. Quickly i. Gnawing4. Classify the consonant sounds into the following chart according to their characteristics Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Palato- Palatal Velar Glottal alveolarPlosiveAffricateFricativeNasalLateralApproximantAcross Top = Points of Articulation Down Side = Manners of Articulation
5. Read the description of the consonant sounds and choose the sound that matches the descriptiona. Alveolar, nasal and voiced sound. The tongue blade closes against the alveolar ridge and the rims of the tongue against the side teeth. /n/ /ŋ/ /m/b. Alveolar, voiceless and fricative sound. The tongue blade makes light contact with the alveolar ridge /z/ /ʃ/ /s/c. Velar, plosive and voiceless sound; closure is made by the back of the tongue against the soft palate. /ŋ/ /g/ /k/d. Fricative, dental, voiced sound; the tongue tip makes light contact the upper and lower teeth. /t/ /θ/ /ð/e. A palate- alveolar, approximant and voiced sound; the tongue tip is held just behind the alveolar ridge. The soft palate is raised. /r/ /w/ /h/6. Complete the chart below with some problems that your project peers have in the pronunciation of consonant sounds. Think about a solution and a strategy to face every problem. An example has been provided for you. PROBLEM SOLUTION STRATEGYMarian uses /v/ I could ask her to purse her lips as I could provide a set of words that contain theinstead of /w/ though about to whistle. I could then /w/ sound. ask her to add her voice.
7. In the following chart, there are some friendly descriptions of the sounds, read them and say what the sounds are. Then, write a friendly description for the subsequent sounds.SOUNDS IDEAS TO HELP STUDENTS ARTICULATE SOUNDS Hold a small piece of paper in front of your lips, the paper should move for this sound. This is the sound that the snake makes. When you like something, you pronounce this sound. You pronounce this sound when you ask someone to be quiet and then you add your voice. /ŋ/ /z/ /r/8. Write the phonemes for the underlined parts of the words. Consonants treasure schedule yacht usually hero diphthong machine award thigh answered enough Sing education Anger charity coherence option Critical music Giant clothes clocks arrives ridge
9. Say if the next statements are true (t) or false (f) a. In English there are four affricates, two voiced and two voiceless. ( ) b. There are three nasal consonants in English. ( ) c. The IPA has 24 vowel sounds and 20 consonant sounds. ( ) d. /j/ and /w/ are semivowels. ( ) e. Fricative sounds result from the combination of a plosive and an affricate sound. ( )10. Match the following concepts with the appropriate terms provided in the box. Velar- homonyms- phonetics- labiodental- fricative- phonemes- articulation- minimal pairs a. The different sounds within a language ___________ b. A place of articulation that occurs when the upper teeth touch the lower lip ___________ c. Words or utterances that differ by only one phoneme__________ d. A manner of articulation that occurs when two vocal organs come close enough together for the movement of air between them to be heard, e.g. /f/ and /v/ _________________ e. A place of articulation that occurs when the back of the tongue is used against the soft palate, e.g. /k/ ________________ f. Words that have the same pronunciation but different spelling and meaning _____________ g. A term that refers to the study of the speech sounds _________________11. Provide three words for each phoneme, with the sound at the beginning, middle and end of the word, elicit the examples from the book. The impossible ones have been blocked out. Beginning Middle End p k z ʒ X ʃ dʒ j X θ ð tʃ
12. Identify the incorrect phoneme in each word. Then, write the correct phoneme next to the word. 1. Church /ʃɜ:rtʃ / 8. Sing /sɪn/ 2. Judge /dʒʌʒ/ 9. Hello /jələʊ/ 14. Revision /rɪvɪʃən/ 3. Short /tʃɔ:rt / 10. Read /ri:t/ 15. Write /wraɪt/ 4. Kilo /qi:ləʊ/ 11. Yes /ies/ 16. Ancient /eɪnʒənt/ 5. Casual /kædʒuəl/ 12. Milk /mɪlq/ 17. Culture /kʌltər / 6. When /hen/ 13. Advertising 18. Crime /craɪm/ 7. Very /beri/ /ædvərtaɪsɪŋ/13. Write the consonant sound of the underlined letters in the following set of words. a. Within they those / / b. Measure pleasure beige / / c. Culture children achieve / / d. Usual few young / / e. Chef machine ancient / / f. Photograph enough knife / /14. Read the following transcriptions and write the words a) /nɑ:lɪdʒ / ______________ b) /læŋgwɪdʒ/ ______________ c) /ækwəzɪʃən / ______________ d) /tʃɑ:klət / ______________ e) /kæʒuəl/ ______________ f) /ædvərtaɪzɪŋ / ______________ g) /rɪvɪʒən/ _____________ h) /edʒəkeɪʃən / _____________ i) /eɪnʃənt/ ______________ j) /kʌltʃər / ______________ 15. Circle the word that has a different consonant sound of the letters in bold a. This them thing those b. Because please phase chase c. Mechanic achieve archive chorus d. Cage beige huge large e. Confusion division occasion admission f. Little water attach meeting g. Passed played wished danced h. Answered laughed cried lived i. Repeated wanted stayed needed j. Cities farms kids trucks k. Lists cars rocks forks l. Cares watches wishes busses
16. Put these words into the columns below Singing- strange- wrong- congratulations- stronger- young- oranges- exchanged- wedding- single- bungalow- buildings- English- darling- changing- king Ŋ Ŋg ŋdʒ Thing Hungry Danger17. The letters th can be pronounced / ð / or / θ /. Put these words into the columns below, according to the pronunciation of the letters thGrandfather Other them threeNorth Things clothes athleteHealth Months their leather /ð/ /θ/Grandfather North18. Write the phonemic symbols of the letters in boldChef Children Mechanic CharityCigarette Exciting Special ThighSuccessful Measure Chef SureProfession Sight Television SingleRetired Receptionist Artist EnoughNecessary Excellent Certain OceanSugar South You ThisMatches Changed Birthday LongUsually Special Drunk EuropeTogether Just Pleasure Cheap /ɡʊd lʌk!/