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Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
Minimal pairs
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Minimal pairs

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  • 1. Practicing minimal pairs By Claudita Cárdenas
  • 2. True or false?
    • Vowels are differentiated from the consonants by their position of the tongue and the lips
    • While vowels are produced with the help of many organs, consonants depend only on the position of the tongue and the lips
    • The position of the tongue and the lips allow for a great amount of variation enabling us to voice many more than the familiar five vowels.
  • 3.
    • English has more than a dozen different vowels and we find many diphthongs
    • Vowels can be produced by raising the tongue high, keeping it in the middle or low in the mouth
    • Vowels can be produced alone and may be short or long
  • 4. CLOSE VOWELS
    • Lips spread, tongue tense. Sides of the tongue touch upper modals (key. cheese, scene, police, people)
    • Lips spread loosely, tongue more relaxed. Sides of tongue may touch upper molars (rhythm, sieve, hit, sausage)
    • Lips rounded, tongue relaxed, gorilla noise (book, good, woman, push, pull)
    • Lips rounded, tongue tense, use a rising and falling intonation (food, rude, true, who, fruit )
  • 5. MID VOWELS
    • Lips loosely spread, tongue tenser than for i: (egg, left, said, head)
    • Lips relaxed and neutrally spread, as though you were completely exhausted (about- paper- banana, nation)
    • Lips relaxed and neutrally spread (shirt, her, word, further)
    • Lips loosely rounded (fork, call, snore, taught)
  • 6. OPEN VOWELS
    • Lips neutrally open (hat, attack, antique)
    • Lips neutrally open (run, uncle, front, nourish, does)
    • Tongue in the fully open position, Lips neutrally open (far, part, class, half)
    • Tongue in the fully open position, lips lightly rounded (dog, often, cough, want)
  • 7. VOWELS
  • 8. VOWELS
  • 9.
    • - the same letters can have different vowel sound:
    • S ou p c ou ple b ou ght
    • /u:/ /ʌ/ /ɔ:/
    •  
    • -different letters can have the same vowel sound:
    •  
    • S ou p b oo ts s ui t
    • /u:/ /u:/ /u:/
  • 10. Cross out the word which does not contain the vowel sound on the left.
    • /e/ bread wom a n e ggs m a ny
    • /ʌ/ en ou gh br o ther s u gar much
    • /ɒ/ o nion c o ffee lot what
    • /ɜ:/ shirt pork world univ e rsity
    • /i:/ cheese tea wine magaz i nes
    • /ɑ:/ car c a rrots half aren´t
    • /ɪ/ buildings little birds milk
    • /u:/ shamp oo look fruit two
  • 11. 4. Listen and circle the symbol that matches the sound of the underlined letters.
    • B u s /ʊ/ /ʌ/
    • T a ll /ɑ:/ /ɔ:/
    • W or d /ɜ:/ /ɔ:/
    • G oo d /ʊ/ /ɔ:/
    • P ar k /æ/ /ɑ:/
    • Sh o p /ʌ/ /ɒ/
    • A pples /æ/ /ə/
    • Bl ue /ʊ/ /u:/
    • Cig a rette /ʌ/ /ə/
  • 12.
    • To make the sound /u:/,
    • make your lips very
    • round and hard.
    • make the sound long.
    /u:/ /ʊ/ . Practise making the sounds To make the sound /ʊ/, open your lips a little and make them a little round. Keep the sound short.
  • 13.   THE SOUNDS /ʊ/ AND /u:/
    •  
    • Full Fool
    • Pull Pool
    • Look Luke
    • Soot Suit
  • 14.
    • To make the sound /i:/, smile and open your mouth a little. /i:/ is a long sound. It comes in the words feet and seat.
    •  
    •  
    • To make the sound /ɪ/, open your mouth a little more. /ɪ/ is a short sound. It comes in the words fit and sit.
  • 15.
    • feet fit
    • seat sit
    • steal still
    • feel fill
    • jeans gins
    • beans bins
    • team Tim
    • cheap chip
    • peach pitch
    • leave live
    THE SOUNDS /i:/ AND /ɪ/
  • 16. Now you …
    • Teacher
    • Kitchen
    • Work
    • Cinema
    • Who
    • Book
    • Five
    • Away
    • Car
    • Study
    • Ball
    • Hot
    • Pen
    • Cat
    • Hit
    • See
    • Boy
    • Bed
    • Onion
    • Sugar
    • Say
    • Birds
    • Look
    • Wine
    • Carrots
    • Now
    • Word
    • Tall
    • Park
    • Good
    • Key
    • Apple
  • 17. Complete the statements with the appropriate word
  • 18. sh ee p
  • 19. h i t
  • 20. ee l
  • 21. s i eve
  • 22. l ea ve
  • 23. sh i p
  • 24. h ea t
  • 25. i ll
  • 26. r e ceive
  • 27. l i ve
  • 28. Match the similar words
    • Sheep
    • Receive
    • Leave
    • Heat
    • Eel
    • ill
    • Live
    • Hit
    • Sieve
    • Ship
  • 29. ANSWER
    • Sheep
    • Heat
    • Eel
    • Receive
    • Leave
    • Ship
    • Hit
    • ill
    • Sieve
    • live
  • 30.
    • A necklace of brown glass ______
    • Beads
    • Bids
  • 31.
    • She broke her _______ falling down the stairs
    • Heap
    • Hip
  • 32.
    • Those shoes don’t _______ her _______.
    • feet, fit
    • Fit, feet
  • 33.
    • He made a ____ of $150 for the painting
    • Bead
    • Bid
  • 34.
    • Everytime he wants to play, he begins to ______; he’s really sick
    • Whiz
    • Wheez
  • 35.
    • He’s so brilliant. He’s a _____ at mathematics
    • Whiz
    • Wheez
  • 36.
    • This is the football _______
    • Peach
    • Pitch
  • 37.
    • She _______ for her gun
    • Reached
    • Riched
  • 38.
    • Diane’s ___________ her lollipop
    • Leaking
    • Licking
  • 39.
    • There are 52 _______ in a year
    • Weeks
    • Wicks
  • 40.
    • The tap ______ all day, we have to get it fixed
    • Licks
    • Leaks
  • 41.
    • My parents in law are ______ enough to buy an airplane
    • Reach
    • Rich
  • 42.
    • Her face is as soft as a _______
    • Peach
    • Pitch
  • 43.
    • That _______ of rubish stinks
    • Hip
    • Heap
  • 44.
    • The tornado was so devastating that whole cities were wiped off the ________
    • Mop
    • Map
  • 45.
    • She must be a whiz! Are you telling me that she can ____ at the age of 2?
    • Add
    • Odd
  • 46.
    • What she ______ in beauty, she makes up for brains
    • Lacks
    • Locks
  • 47.
    • A _______ is a bundle of coarse yarn, a sponge, or other absorbent material, fastened at the end of a stick or handle for washing floors
    • Mop
    • Map
  • 48.
    • A candle _______ is string, cord, or wooden object that holds the flame of a candle .
    • Week
    • Wick
  • 49.
    • The documents of the new exports policies are quintessential for the company. That’s why they are under ____ and key
    • Lack
    • Lock
  • 50.
    • When we are in need for a _____ they don’t show up
    • Cab
    • Cob
  • 51.
    • I can’t believe that Luren let the ______ out of the bag. Everybody was in shock.
    • Cot
    • Cat
  • 52.
    • Do you know how to grill corn on the ____?
    • Cab
    • Cob
  • 53.
    • That _____ is a nightmare! Firs, I couldn’t sleep and second, my whole body was aching the next day
    • Cat
    • Cot
  • 54. Choose the ______ word out? a. add b. odd

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