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Minimal pairs

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  • 1. Practicing minimal pairs By Claudita Cárdenas
  • 2. True or false?
    • Vowels are differentiated from the consonants by their position of the tongue and the lips
    • While vowels are produced with the help of many organs, consonants depend only on the position of the tongue and the lips
    • The position of the tongue and the lips allow for a great amount of variation enabling us to voice many more than the familiar five vowels.
  • 3.
    • English has more than a dozen different vowels and we find many diphthongs
    • Vowels can be produced by raising the tongue high, keeping it in the middle or low in the mouth
    • Vowels can be produced alone and may be short or long
  • 4. CLOSE VOWELS
    • Lips spread, tongue tense. Sides of the tongue touch upper modals (key. cheese, scene, police, people)
    • Lips spread loosely, tongue more relaxed. Sides of tongue may touch upper molars (rhythm, sieve, hit, sausage)
    • Lips rounded, tongue relaxed, gorilla noise (book, good, woman, push, pull)
    • Lips rounded, tongue tense, use a rising and falling intonation (food, rude, true, who, fruit )
  • 5. MID VOWELS
    • Lips loosely spread, tongue tenser than for i: (egg, left, said, head)
    • Lips relaxed and neutrally spread, as though you were completely exhausted (about- paper- banana, nation)
    • Lips relaxed and neutrally spread (shirt, her, word, further)
    • Lips loosely rounded (fork, call, snore, taught)
  • 6. OPEN VOWELS
    • Lips neutrally open (hat, attack, antique)
    • Lips neutrally open (run, uncle, front, nourish, does)
    • Tongue in the fully open position, Lips neutrally open (far, part, class, half)
    • Tongue in the fully open position, lips lightly rounded (dog, often, cough, want)
  • 7. VOWELS
  • 8. VOWELS
  • 9.
    • - the same letters can have different vowel sound:
    • S ou p c ou ple b ou ght
    • /u:/ /ʌ/ /ɔ:/
    •  
    • -different letters can have the same vowel sound:
    •  
    • S ou p b oo ts s ui t
    • /u:/ /u:/ /u:/
  • 10. Cross out the word which does not contain the vowel sound on the left.
    • /e/ bread wom a n e ggs m a ny
    • /ʌ/ en ou gh br o ther s u gar much
    • /ɒ/ o nion c o ffee lot what
    • /ɜ:/ shirt pork world univ e rsity
    • /i:/ cheese tea wine magaz i nes
    • /ɑ:/ car c a rrots half aren´t
    • /ɪ/ buildings little birds milk
    • /u:/ shamp oo look fruit two
  • 11. 4. Listen and circle the symbol that matches the sound of the underlined letters.
    • B u s /ʊ/ /ʌ/
    • T a ll /ɑ:/ /ɔ:/
    • W or d /ɜ:/ /ɔ:/
    • G oo d /ʊ/ /ɔ:/
    • P ar k /æ/ /ɑ:/
    • Sh o p /ʌ/ /ɒ/
    • A pples /æ/ /ə/
    • Bl ue /ʊ/ /u:/
    • Cig a rette /ʌ/ /ə/
  • 12.
    • To make the sound /u:/,
    • make your lips very
    • round and hard.
    • make the sound long.
    /u:/ /ʊ/ . Practise making the sounds To make the sound /ʊ/, open your lips a little and make them a little round. Keep the sound short.
  • 13.   THE SOUNDS /ʊ/ AND /u:/
    •  
    • Full Fool
    • Pull Pool
    • Look Luke
    • Soot Suit
  • 14.
    • To make the sound /i:/, smile and open your mouth a little. /i:/ is a long sound. It comes in the words feet and seat.
    •  
    •  
    • To make the sound /ɪ/, open your mouth a little more. /ɪ/ is a short sound. It comes in the words fit and sit.
  • 15.
    • feet fit
    • seat sit
    • steal still
    • feel fill
    • jeans gins
    • beans bins
    • team Tim
    • cheap chip
    • peach pitch
    • leave live
    THE SOUNDS /i:/ AND /ɪ/
  • 16. Now you …
    • Teacher
    • Kitchen
    • Work
    • Cinema
    • Who
    • Book
    • Five
    • Away
    • Car
    • Study
    • Ball
    • Hot
    • Pen
    • Cat
    • Hit
    • See
    • Boy
    • Bed
    • Onion
    • Sugar
    • Say
    • Birds
    • Look
    • Wine
    • Carrots
    • Now
    • Word
    • Tall
    • Park
    • Good
    • Key
    • Apple
  • 17. Complete the statements with the appropriate word
  • 18. sh ee p
  • 19. h i t
  • 20. ee l
  • 21. s i eve
  • 22. l ea ve
  • 23. sh i p
  • 24. h ea t
  • 25. i ll
  • 26. r e ceive
  • 27. l i ve
  • 28. Match the similar words
    • Sheep
    • Receive
    • Leave
    • Heat
    • Eel
    • ill
    • Live
    • Hit
    • Sieve
    • Ship
  • 29. ANSWER
    • Sheep
    • Heat
    • Eel
    • Receive
    • Leave
    • Ship
    • Hit
    • ill
    • Sieve
    • live
  • 30.
    • A necklace of brown glass ______
    • Beads
    • Bids
  • 31.
    • She broke her _______ falling down the stairs
    • Heap
    • Hip
  • 32.
    • Those shoes don’t _______ her _______.
    • feet, fit
    • Fit, feet
  • 33.
    • He made a ____ of $150 for the painting
    • Bead
    • Bid
  • 34.
    • Everytime he wants to play, he begins to ______; he’s really sick
    • Whiz
    • Wheez
  • 35.
    • He’s so brilliant. He’s a _____ at mathematics
    • Whiz
    • Wheez
  • 36.
    • This is the football _______
    • Peach
    • Pitch
  • 37.
    • She _______ for her gun
    • Reached
    • Riched
  • 38.
    • Diane’s ___________ her lollipop
    • Leaking
    • Licking
  • 39.
    • There are 52 _______ in a year
    • Weeks
    • Wicks
  • 40.
    • The tap ______ all day, we have to get it fixed
    • Licks
    • Leaks
  • 41.
    • My parents in law are ______ enough to buy an airplane
    • Reach
    • Rich
  • 42.
    • Her face is as soft as a _______
    • Peach
    • Pitch
  • 43.
    • That _______ of rubish stinks
    • Hip
    • Heap
  • 44.
    • The tornado was so devastating that whole cities were wiped off the ________
    • Mop
    • Map
  • 45.
    • She must be a whiz! Are you telling me that she can ____ at the age of 2?
    • Add
    • Odd
  • 46.
    • What she ______ in beauty, she makes up for brains
    • Lacks
    • Locks
  • 47.
    • A _______ is a bundle of coarse yarn, a sponge, or other absorbent material, fastened at the end of a stick or handle for washing floors
    • Mop
    • Map
  • 48.
    • A candle _______ is string, cord, or wooden object that holds the flame of a candle .
    • Week
    • Wick
  • 49.
    • The documents of the new exports policies are quintessential for the company. That’s why they are under ____ and key
    • Lack
    • Lock
  • 50.
    • When we are in need for a _____ they don’t show up
    • Cab
    • Cob
  • 51.
    • I can’t believe that Luren let the ______ out of the bag. Everybody was in shock.
    • Cot
    • Cat
  • 52.
    • Do you know how to grill corn on the ____?
    • Cab
    • Cob
  • 53.
    • That _____ is a nightmare! Firs, I couldn’t sleep and second, my whole body was aching the next day
    • Cat
    • Cot
  • 54. Choose the ______ word out? a. add b. odd

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