Minimal pairs


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Minimal pairs

  1. 1. Practicing minimal pairs By Claudita Cárdenas
  2. 2. True or false? <ul><li>Vowels are differentiated from the consonants by their position of the tongue and the lips </li></ul><ul><li>While vowels are produced with the help of many organs, consonants depend only on the position of the tongue and the lips </li></ul><ul><li>The position of the tongue and the lips allow for a great amount of variation enabling us to voice many more than the familiar five vowels. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>English has more than a dozen different vowels and we find many diphthongs </li></ul><ul><li>Vowels can be produced by raising the tongue high, keeping it in the middle or low in the mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Vowels can be produced alone and may be short or long </li></ul>
  4. 4. CLOSE VOWELS <ul><li>Lips spread, tongue tense. Sides of the tongue touch upper modals (key. cheese, scene, police, people) </li></ul><ul><li>Lips spread loosely, tongue more relaxed. Sides of tongue may touch upper molars (rhythm, sieve, hit, sausage) </li></ul><ul><li>Lips rounded, tongue relaxed, gorilla noise (book, good, woman, push, pull) </li></ul><ul><li>Lips rounded, tongue tense, use a rising and falling intonation (food, rude, true, who, fruit ) </li></ul>
  5. 5. MID VOWELS <ul><li>Lips loosely spread, tongue tenser than for i: (egg, left, said, head) </li></ul><ul><li>Lips relaxed and neutrally spread, as though you were completely exhausted (about- paper- banana, nation) </li></ul><ul><li>Lips relaxed and neutrally spread (shirt, her, word, further) </li></ul><ul><li>Lips loosely rounded (fork, call, snore, taught) </li></ul>
  6. 6. OPEN VOWELS <ul><li>Lips neutrally open (hat, attack, antique) </li></ul><ul><li>Lips neutrally open (run, uncle, front, nourish, does) </li></ul><ul><li>Tongue in the fully open position, Lips neutrally open (far, part, class, half) </li></ul><ul><li>Tongue in the fully open position, lips lightly rounded (dog, often, cough, want) </li></ul>
  7. 7. VOWELS
  8. 8. VOWELS
  9. 9. <ul><li>- the same letters can have different vowel sound: </li></ul><ul><li>S ou p c ou ple b ou ght </li></ul><ul><li> /u:/ /ʌ/ /ɔ:/ </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>-different letters can have the same vowel sound: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>S ou p b oo ts s ui t </li></ul><ul><li> /u:/ /u:/ /u:/ </li></ul>
  10. 10. Cross out the word which does not contain the vowel sound on the left. <ul><li>/e/ bread wom a n e ggs m a ny </li></ul><ul><li>/ʌ/ en ou gh br o ther s u gar much </li></ul><ul><li>/ɒ/ o nion c o ffee lot what </li></ul><ul><li>/ɜ:/ shirt pork world univ e rsity </li></ul><ul><li>/i:/ cheese tea wine magaz i nes </li></ul><ul><li>/ɑ:/ car c a rrots half aren´t </li></ul><ul><li>/ɪ/ buildings little birds milk </li></ul><ul><li>/u:/ shamp oo look fruit two </li></ul>
  11. 11. 4. Listen and circle the symbol that matches the sound of the underlined letters. <ul><li>B u s /ʊ/ /ʌ/ </li></ul><ul><li>T a ll /ɑ:/ /ɔ:/ </li></ul><ul><li>W or d /ɜ:/ /ɔ:/ </li></ul><ul><li>G oo d /ʊ/ /ɔ:/ </li></ul><ul><li>P ar k /æ/ /ɑ:/ </li></ul><ul><li>Sh o p /ʌ/ /ɒ/ </li></ul><ul><li>A pples /æ/ /ə/ </li></ul><ul><li>Bl ue /ʊ/ /u:/ </li></ul><ul><li>Cig a rette /ʌ/ /ə/ </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>To make the sound /u:/, </li></ul><ul><li>make your lips very </li></ul><ul><li>round and hard. </li></ul><ul><li>make the sound long. </li></ul>/u:/ /ʊ/ . Practise making the sounds To make the sound /ʊ/, open your lips a little and make them a little round. Keep the sound short.
  13. 13.   THE SOUNDS /ʊ/ AND /u:/ <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li> Full Fool </li></ul><ul><li> Pull Pool </li></ul><ul><li> Look Luke </li></ul><ul><li> Soot Suit </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>To make the sound /i:/, smile and open your mouth a little. /i:/ is a long sound. It comes in the words feet and seat. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>To make the sound /ɪ/, open your mouth a little more. /ɪ/ is a short sound. It comes in the words fit and sit. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>feet fit </li></ul><ul><li>seat sit </li></ul><ul><li>steal still </li></ul><ul><li>feel fill </li></ul><ul><li>jeans gins </li></ul><ul><li>beans bins </li></ul><ul><li>team Tim </li></ul><ul><li>cheap chip </li></ul><ul><li>peach pitch </li></ul><ul><li>leave live </li></ul>THE SOUNDS /i:/ AND /ɪ/
  16. 16. Now you … <ul><li>Teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Kitchen </li></ul><ul><li>Work </li></ul><ul><li>Cinema </li></ul><ul><li>Who </li></ul><ul><li>Book </li></ul><ul><li>Five </li></ul><ul><li>Away </li></ul><ul><li>Car </li></ul><ul><li>Study </li></ul><ul><li>Ball </li></ul><ul><li>Hot </li></ul><ul><li>Pen </li></ul><ul><li>Cat </li></ul><ul><li>Hit </li></ul><ul><li>See </li></ul><ul><li>Boy </li></ul><ul><li>Bed </li></ul><ul><li>Onion </li></ul><ul><li>Sugar </li></ul><ul><li>Say </li></ul><ul><li>Birds </li></ul><ul><li>Look </li></ul><ul><li>Wine </li></ul><ul><li>Carrots </li></ul><ul><li>Now </li></ul><ul><li>Word </li></ul><ul><li>Tall </li></ul><ul><li>Park </li></ul><ul><li>Good </li></ul><ul><li>Key </li></ul><ul><li>Apple </li></ul>
  17. 17. Complete the statements with the appropriate word
  18. 18. sh ee p
  19. 19. h i t
  20. 20. ee l
  21. 21. s i eve
  22. 22. l ea ve
  23. 23. sh i p
  24. 24. h ea t
  25. 25. i ll
  26. 26. r e ceive
  27. 27. l i ve
  28. 28. Match the similar words <ul><li>Sheep </li></ul><ul><li>Receive </li></ul><ul><li>Leave </li></ul><ul><li>Heat </li></ul><ul><li>Eel </li></ul><ul><li>ill </li></ul><ul><li>Live </li></ul><ul><li>Hit </li></ul><ul><li>Sieve </li></ul><ul><li>Ship </li></ul>
  29. 29. ANSWER <ul><li>Sheep </li></ul><ul><li>Heat </li></ul><ul><li>Eel </li></ul><ul><li>Receive </li></ul><ul><li>Leave </li></ul><ul><li>Ship </li></ul><ul><li>Hit </li></ul><ul><li>ill </li></ul><ul><li>Sieve </li></ul><ul><li>live </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>A necklace of brown glass ______ </li></ul><ul><li>Beads </li></ul><ul><li>Bids </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>She broke her _______ falling down the stairs </li></ul><ul><li>Heap </li></ul><ul><li>Hip </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>Those shoes don’t _______ her _______. </li></ul><ul><li>feet, fit </li></ul><ul><li>Fit, feet </li></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>He made a ____ of $150 for the painting </li></ul><ul><li>Bead </li></ul><ul><li>Bid </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>Everytime he wants to play, he begins to ______; he’s really sick </li></ul><ul><li>Whiz </li></ul><ul><li>Wheez </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>He’s so brilliant. He’s a _____ at mathematics </li></ul><ul><li>Whiz </li></ul><ul><li>Wheez </li></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li>This is the football _______ </li></ul><ul><li>Peach </li></ul><ul><li>Pitch </li></ul>
  37. 37. <ul><li>She _______ for her gun </li></ul><ul><li>Reached </li></ul><ul><li>Riched </li></ul>
  38. 38. <ul><li>Diane’s ___________ her lollipop </li></ul><ul><li>Leaking </li></ul><ul><li>Licking </li></ul>
  39. 39. <ul><li>There are 52 _______ in a year </li></ul><ul><li>Weeks </li></ul><ul><li>Wicks </li></ul>
  40. 40. <ul><li>The tap ______ all day, we have to get it fixed </li></ul><ul><li>Licks </li></ul><ul><li>Leaks </li></ul>
  41. 41. <ul><li>My parents in law are ______ enough to buy an airplane </li></ul><ul><li>Reach </li></ul><ul><li>Rich </li></ul>
  42. 42. <ul><li>Her face is as soft as a _______ </li></ul><ul><li>Peach </li></ul><ul><li>Pitch </li></ul>
  43. 43. <ul><li>That _______ of rubish stinks </li></ul><ul><li>Hip </li></ul><ul><li>Heap </li></ul>
  44. 44. <ul><li>The tornado was so devastating that whole cities were wiped off the ________ </li></ul><ul><li>Mop </li></ul><ul><li>Map </li></ul>
  45. 45. <ul><li>She must be a whiz! Are you telling me that she can ____ at the age of 2? </li></ul><ul><li>Add </li></ul><ul><li>Odd </li></ul>
  46. 46. <ul><li>What she ______ in beauty, she makes up for brains </li></ul><ul><li>Lacks </li></ul><ul><li>Locks </li></ul>
  47. 47. <ul><li>A _______ is a bundle of coarse yarn, a sponge, or other absorbent material, fastened at the end of a stick or handle for washing floors </li></ul><ul><li>Mop </li></ul><ul><li>Map </li></ul>
  48. 48. <ul><li>A candle _______ is string, cord, or wooden object that holds the flame of a candle . </li></ul><ul><li>Week </li></ul><ul><li>Wick </li></ul>
  49. 49. <ul><li>The documents of the new exports policies are quintessential for the company. That’s why they are under ____ and key </li></ul><ul><li>Lack </li></ul><ul><li>Lock </li></ul>
  50. 50. <ul><li>When we are in need for a _____ they don’t show up </li></ul><ul><li>Cab </li></ul><ul><li>Cob </li></ul>
  51. 51. <ul><li>I can’t believe that Luren let the ______ out of the bag. Everybody was in shock. </li></ul><ul><li>Cot </li></ul><ul><li>Cat </li></ul>
  52. 52. <ul><li>Do you know how to grill corn on the ____? </li></ul><ul><li>Cab </li></ul><ul><li>Cob </li></ul>
  53. 53. <ul><li>That _____ is a nightmare! Firs, I couldn’t sleep and second, my whole body was aching the next day </li></ul><ul><li>Cat </li></ul><ul><li>Cot </li></ul>
  54. 54. Choose the ______ word out? a. add b. odd