Professor Dame Carole  Jordan, B.Sc., Ph. D.,   DBE, FRS, FInstP, ...                           -A remarkable career      ...
Harrow County Grammar                School for Girls ``Nisi Dominus Frustra’’                                 Carole had ...
University College LondonCarole was interviewed by CW Allen, PerrenProfessor of Astronomy at UCL/director of Mill HillObse...
University College LondonWednesday, July 20, 2011
1959- undergraduateWednesday, July 20, 2011
1959- undergraduateWednesday, July 20, 2011
1959- undergraduate                                      ``Sept. 14, 1959: Moon Feels                                     ...
1961- CJ’s first paperWednesday, July 20, 2011
1961- CJ’s first paper                     Selenological implications drawn from the                     distortions of cra...
1962 University College                            London: postgraduateWednesday, July 20, 2011
1962 University College                            London: postgraduateWednesday, July 20, 2011
1962 University College                            London: postgraduateWednesday, July 20, 2011
1962 University College                            London: postgraduateWednesday, July 20, 2011
1962 University College                            London: postgraduateFollowing her 1st degree in astronomy, Allensuggest...
Tousey’s EUV spectraWednesday, July 20, 2011
Tousey’s EUV spectraWednesday, July 20, 2011
Carole and Tousey’s EUV                           spectraAllen remarked that if she could solve the origin of the EUV line...
Carole, Culham and ZetaIn 1963 CW Allen attended an open dayat Culham and saw that the many un-identified lines in the EUV ...
Lab Spectroscopy at                                 Culham Line crowding (from different ions and due to fine structure) ma...
100% sure?Wednesday, July 20, 2011
100% sure?You bet!SDO 2011:Blue Fe IX 171Green Fe XII 194Red Fe XIV 210Wednesday, July 20, 2011
1965-1966 1965 - Wilson (Head of Culhams Spectroscopy Division), offered her a post through a UKAEA grant to UCL. But Gars...
1965-1966 1965 - Wilson (Head of Culhams Spectroscopy Division), offered her a post through a UKAEA grant to UCL. But Gars...
1965-1966 1965 - Wilson (Head of Culhams Spectroscopy Division), offered her a post through a UKAEA grant to UCL. But Gars...
1965-1966 1965 - Wilson (Head of Culhams Spectroscopy Division), offered her a post through a UKAEA grant to UCL. But Gars...
1965-1966 1965 - Wilson (Head of Culhams Spectroscopy Division), offered her a post through a UKAEA grant to UCL. But Gars...
CJ’s late 1960sAt JILA she extended ionisation-balance calculations (sliderule+computer) in 1966, later published in 1969:...
He-like lines and                           satellites 1968-73Pioneer in identification/diagnostic use of He-like and Li-li...
satellite linesWednesday, July 20, 2011
satellite lines     Edlen’s lab spectra showed only the satellite lines from         excitations of Li I-like inner shells...
satellite lines     Edlen’s lab spectra showed only the satellite lines from         excitations of Li I-like inner shells...
He-like lines 1968-73Wednesday, July 20, 2011
He-like lines 1968-73Wednesday, July 20, 2011
He-like lines- examples             Si XIII                O VII:      EPIC/MOS, XMM-Newton, ξ Boo A                      ...
He-like lines- examples    Solar Flare class X2, P78-1, McKenzie et al 1980Wednesday, July 20, 2011
high-Z satellite lines                                   1982 MNRASWednesday, July 20, 2011
high-Z satellite lines                                   1982 MNRASWednesday, July 20, 2011
Eclipse 1970: “the right                         stuff”International Consortium   Culham ARU   Harvard College Observatory...
Eclipse 1970: “the right                         stuff”Wednesday, July 20, 2011
Eclipse 1970: “the right                         stuff”Wednesday, July 20, 2011
Eclipse 1970: “the right                         stuff”Wednesday, July 20, 2011
Eclipse 1970:CJ’s IDsWednesday, July 20, 2011
Eclipse 1970:CJ’s IDsWednesday, July 20, 2011
Eclipse 1970:CJ’s IDsWednesday, July 20, 2011
Eclipse 1970:CJ’s IDsWednesday, July 20, 2011
Eclipse 1970:                           think about itCJ identified 20/28 coronal lines observed between1190-2190 Angstroms...
1969-20?? HeliumHearn 1969 MNRAS. Emission coefficients for helium EUV linesCJ: used solar emd and Hearns calculations to p...
1969-20?? HeliumHearn 1969 MNRAS. Emission coefficients for helium EUV linesCJ: used solar emd and Hearns calculations to p...
CJ’s 1970-1976Astrophysics Research Unit, Culham Laboratory, director R. Wilson:    Post-doctoral research assistant, 1969...
Solar gamma, X, and EUV radiation; IAU/                      COSPAR Symposium, Buenos Aires, Argentina,                   ...
CJ, Allen, coronal holesWednesday, July 20, 2011
CJ, Allen, coronal holesWednesday, July 20, 2011
CJ, Allen, coronal holesWednesday, July 20, 2011
CJ, Allen, coronal holesWednesday, July 20, 2011
CJ, meetings, debates Structure of the quiet chromosphere and corona. Gabriel, A. H., in "The energy balance and hydrodyna...
CJ, meetings, debates Structure of the quiet chromosphere and corona. Gabriel, A. H., in "The energy balance and hydrodyna...
CJ, meetings, debates Structure of the quiet chromosphere and corona. Gabriel, A. H., in "The energy balance and hydrodyna...
serious refereeing Carole has contributed to the health of (astro-) physics worldwide as an outstanding, critical and fair...
serious refereeing Carole has contributed to the health of (astro-) physics worldwide as an outstanding, critical and fair...
serious refereeing Carole has contributed to the health of (astro-) physics worldwide as an outstanding, critical and fair...
serious refereeing Carole has contributed to the health of (astro-) physics worldwide as an outstanding, critical and fair...
1976, a pivotal time: CJ                      -> OxfordWednesday, July 20, 2011
1976, a pivotal time: CJ                      -> OxfordWednesday, July 20, 2011
1976, a pivotal time: CJ                      -> Oxford  Never mind the “cold war”, this is   the “cod war”Wednesday, July...
1976-today                           CJ and Oxford Wolfson Tutorial Fellow in Natural Science, Somerville College 1976-200...
1976-today                           CJ and Oxford Wolfson Tutorial Fellow in Natural Science, Somerville College 1976-200...
Post-graduate students,                              postdocs  D.Phil. students (year awarded)  John Adam 1974 (UCL)  Rash...
Post-graduate students,                              postdocs  D.Phil. students (year awarded)   PDRAs  John Adam 1974 (UC...
1976-today                           selected activitiesWednesday, July 20, 2011
spectroscopyNEW IDENTIFICATIONS:!        1977 Jordan et al Lines of H2 in extreme-ultraviolet                solar spectra...
spectroscopyNEW IDENTIFICATIONS:!        1977 Jordan et al Lines of H2 in extreme-ultraviolet                solar spectra...
spectroscopyNEW IDENTIFICATIONS:!        1977 Jordan et al Lines of H2 in extreme-ultraviolet                solar spectra...
spectroscopyNEW IDENTIFICATIONS:!        1977 Jordan et al Lines of H2 in extreme-ultraviolet                solar spectra...
1975-20?? HeliumCJ’s seminal papers:      Jordan, C., 1975, The intensities of helium lines in the solar EUV spectrum     ...
1975-20?? HeliumCJ’s seminal papers:      Jordan, C., 1975, The intensities of helium lines in the solar EUV spectrum     ...
1975-20?? HeliumCJ’s seminal papers:      Jordan, C., 1975, The intensities of helium lines in the solar EUV spectrum     ...
Atmospheric structure,                              energy balance    1971 Jordan and Wilson The Determination of Chromosp...
Atmospheric structure,                              energy balance:                               quintessence 1992 Jordan...
etcWednesday, July 20, 2011
etc flares       1981 Culhane et al. X-ray spectra of solar flares obtained with a high-resolution bent crystal spectrometer...
Awards and distinctions   1990 Fellow of the Royal Society of London   1990 Fellow of University College London   1991 Hon...
further awards and                               distinctions   In 2000 Asteroid 8078 was named Carolejordan -Wednesday, J...
further awards and                               distinctions   In 2000 Asteroid 8078 was named Carolejordan -            ...
further, further awards                         and distinctions2005 RAS Gold Medal (G) for "For contributions to solarphy...
further, further awards                         and distinctions2005 RAS Gold Medal (G) for "For contributions to solarphy...
further, further, further                    awards and distinctionsWednesday, July 20, 2011
further, further, further                    awards and distinctions   Some Dames Commander of the British Empire (DBEs)  ...
further, further, further                    awards and distinctions   Some Dames Commander of the British Empire (DBEs)  ...
further, further, further                    awards and distinctions   Some Dames Commander of the British Empire (DBEs)  ...
``Nisi Dominus Frustra’’Wednesday, July 20, 2011
``Nisi Dominus Frustra’’                if not the master, all is in vainWednesday, July 20, 2011
Some of CJ’s traits I try to emulate    creativity    integrity    rigour    boldness    ...and especially with (at least ...
Some of CJ’s traits I try to emulate    creativity    integrity    rigour    boldness    ...and especially with (at least ...
sidenote: CW Allen and                    Carole’s Academic HeritageWoolley & Allen 1948: - dominance of two-body collisio...
sidenote: CW Allen and                    Carole’s Academic HeritageWoolley & Allen 1948: - dominance of two-body collisio...
sidenote: CW Allen and                    Carole’s Academic HeritageWoolley & Allen 1948: - dominance of two-body collisio...
Harrow County Grammar                               School for GirlsWednesday, July 20, 2011
Harrow County Grammar                               School for GirlsWednesday, July 20, 2011
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Professor Dame Carole Jordan: a remarkable career

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Talk given by Phil Judge at the symposium From Atoms to Stars: the impact of Spectroscopy on Astrophysics, 26th-28th July 2011, Oxford, UK

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Professor Dame Carole Jordan: a remarkable career

  1. 1. Professor Dame Carole Jordan, B.Sc., Ph. D., DBE, FRS, FInstP, ... -A remarkable career (with emphasis on the “early years”) based partly on a lunchtime conversation, 28 April 2011 with Philip Judge, of the High Altitude ObservatoryWednesday, July 20, 2011
  2. 2. Harrow County Grammar School for Girls ``Nisi Dominus Frustra’’ Carole had ``read books by Eddington and Hoyle in the school library, and [in spite of this- PGJ] wanted to do astronomy’’Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  3. 3. University College LondonCarole was interviewed by CW Allen, PerrenProfessor of Astronomy at UCL/director of Mill HillObservatory, and offered a place to studyastronomy.Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  4. 4. University College LondonWednesday, July 20, 2011
  5. 5. 1959- undergraduateWednesday, July 20, 2011
  6. 6. 1959- undergraduateWednesday, July 20, 2011
  7. 7. 1959- undergraduate ``Sept. 14, 1959: Moon Feels First Cold Touch of Humans’’ ``Luna 2 becomes the first artifact of humanity to strike the moon. The Soviet Union launched The Sputnik- like probe from the Baikonur Cosmodrome on Sept. 12. It took 33.5 hours to reach its destination. Hitting the moon, as prestigious an accomplishment as it was for the young Soviet space program, was not Luna 2s only objective. Prior to impact, the craft also sent back data confirming, among other things, that the moon had neither a magnetic field nor any radiation belts.’’ It confirmed Luna 1’s discovery of particles emanating from the Sun.Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  8. 8. 1961- CJ’s first paperWednesday, July 20, 2011
  9. 9. 1961- CJ’s first paper Selenological implications drawn from the distortions of craters in the Hipparchus region of the Moon Planetary and Space Science, Vol. 9, p.3 Gilbert Fielder and Carole Jordan University of London Observatory, Mill Hill Park, London, N.W.7 UK Received 8 November 1961. Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  10. 10. 1962 University College London: postgraduateWednesday, July 20, 2011
  11. 11. 1962 University College London: postgraduateWednesday, July 20, 2011
  12. 12. 1962 University College London: postgraduateWednesday, July 20, 2011
  13. 13. 1962 University College London: postgraduateWednesday, July 20, 2011
  14. 14. 1962 University College London: postgraduateFollowing her 1st degree in astronomy, Allensuggested 3 projects: 1. A-star statistics 2. oscillator strengths from laboratory measurements 3. Touseys recent spectra containing many unidentified lines in EUV, 170-280 AngstromWednesday, July 20, 2011
  15. 15. Tousey’s EUV spectraWednesday, July 20, 2011
  16. 16. Tousey’s EUV spectraWednesday, July 20, 2011
  17. 17. Carole and Tousey’s EUV spectraAllen remarked that if she could solve the origin of the EUV lines (atthe time unidentified) she might make a name for herself.Carole made Z-expansions using Edlens method, computed gfs, used amodified semi-empirical formula for the collision strengths, and builtemission measures from lines of Si.With the above data, Carole thought that iron should be present inthe lists of identifications". She was first to propose that thesewere 3p-3d transitions in the ions Fe IX to Fe XIV.She identified some lines in Fe XIV, making use of f-values calculatedby Garstang.Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  18. 18. Carole, Culham and ZetaIn 1963 CW Allen attended an open dayat Culham and saw that the many un-identified lines in the EUV spectrum ofthe Zeta plasma device resembled thosein the solar spectrum. In a later visit toCulham with Allen, Carole pointed outthe presence of the Fe XV (284 A) linein Zeta. Her suggestion that Fe XIVmight be present was confirmed.Gabriel and Fawcett thought the linesmight be Fe II - IV.She was “100% sure” that the lineswere the 3p - 3d transitions in thehigher ions.UCL Thesis 1965: "Analysis of the solarultraviolet spectrum"Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  19. 19. Lab Spectroscopy at Culham Line crowding (from different ions and due to fine structure) made individual line identifications difficult. The detailed identifications were based on much laboratory work at Culham by Brian Fawcett and Alan Gabriel and, in the Nature (1965) letter with Carole, included lines of Fe VIII to XII. Carole spent 6 weeks and odd days at Culham, helping to trace isoelectronic lines in the lab spectra. Problems were apparent in low ions (< stage IV), which Gabriel resolved by realizing that these were due to configuration interaction.Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  20. 20. 100% sure?Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  21. 21. 100% sure?You bet!SDO 2011:Blue Fe IX 171Green Fe XII 194Red Fe XIV 210Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  22. 22. 1965-1966 1965 - Wilson (Head of Culhams Spectroscopy Division), offered her a post through a UKAEA grant to UCL. But Garstang had offered a postdoc position at JILA (Boulder), supported by his US Army grant. Her Culham post was held open while in 1966 she spent 9 months in Boulder, as the first female research associate at JILA.Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  23. 23. 1965-1966 1965 - Wilson (Head of Culhams Spectroscopy Division), offered her a post through a UKAEA grant to UCL. But Garstang had offered a postdoc position at JILA (Boulder), supported by his US Army grant. Her Culham post was held open while in 1966 she spent 9 months in Boulder, as the first female research associate at JILA. Ithaca AAS meeting: Goldberg talk: “coronal Fe/Si = photosphere” (Fe XV, Fe XVI)Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  24. 24. 1965-1966 1965 - Wilson (Head of Culhams Spectroscopy Division), offered her a post through a UKAEA grant to UCL. But Garstang had offered a postdoc position at JILA (Boulder), supported by his US Army grant. Her Culham post was held open while in 1966 she spent 9 months in Boulder, as the first female research associate at JILA. Ithaca AAS meeting: Goldberg talk: “coronal Fe/Si = photosphere” (Fe XV, Fe XVI) CJ: “Fe/Si ~ 10x photosphere” (new lines Fe X, Fe XI)Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  25. 25. 1965-1966 1965 - Wilson (Head of Culhams Spectroscopy Division), offered her a post through a UKAEA grant to UCL. But Garstang had offered a postdoc position at JILA (Boulder), supported by his US Army grant. Her Culham post was held open while in 1966 she spent 9 months in Boulder, as the first female research associate at JILA. Ithaca AAS meeting: Goldberg talk: “coronal Fe/Si = photosphere” (Fe XV, Fe XVI) CJ: “Fe/Si ~ 10x photosphere” (new lines Fe X, Fe XI) Goldberg: “Gee, I hope my parachute opens”Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  26. 26. 1965-1966 1965 - Wilson (Head of Culhams Spectroscopy Division), offered her a post through a UKAEA grant to UCL. But Garstang had offered a postdoc position at JILA (Boulder), supported by his US Army grant. Her Culham post was held open while in 1966 she spent 9 months in Boulder, as the first female research associate at JILA. Ithaca AAS meeting: Goldberg talk: “coronal Fe/Si = photosphere” (Fe XV, Fe XVI) CJ: “Fe/Si ~ 10x photosphere” (new lines Fe X, Fe XI) Goldberg: “Gee, I hope my parachute opens” modern phot. Fe/Si=CJ corona (Fe gf values 1972-4) aside: corona is “well-mixed” Woolley+Allen 1948Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  27. 27. CJ’s late 1960sAt JILA she extended ionisation-balance calculations (sliderule+computer) in 1966, later published in 1969: - DR from Burgess general formula - reduction in DR at high densities, from his work on low ionsAssist. Lect., Dept. Astron. UCL, seconded to Culham 1966–69.“Disappointed” by the offer of a postdoc at Culham, not anestablished post. Wilson later apologized, he was then “stillnot sure” that she wanted a long-term scientific career.Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  28. 28. He-like lines and satellites 1968-73Pioneer in identification/diagnostic use of He-like and Li-likesatellite lines in lab and solar X-ray spectra (with Gabriel).CJ was first to propose that a strong feature longward ofHe I-like E1 intersystem line 1s 2 1S - 1s2p 3P 0 1is the forbidden M1 transition 1s2 1S0 - 1s2s 3S1CJ and Gabriel developed the now-widely-used spectraldiagnostic techniques for n, TWednesday, July 20, 2011
  29. 29. satellite linesWednesday, July 20, 2011
  30. 30. satellite lines Edlen’s lab spectra showed only the satellite lines from excitations of Li I-like inner shells, no DR linesWednesday, July 20, 2011
  31. 31. satellite lines Edlen’s lab spectra showed only the satellite lines from excitations of Li I-like inner shells, no DR linesWednesday, July 20, 2011
  32. 32. He-like lines 1968-73Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  33. 33. He-like lines 1968-73Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  34. 34. He-like lines- examples Si XIII O VII: EPIC/MOS, XMM-Newton, ξ Boo A Pandey & Srivastava 2009Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  35. 35. He-like lines- examples Solar Flare class X2, P78-1, McKenzie et al 1980Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  36. 36. high-Z satellite lines 1982 MNRASWednesday, July 20, 2011
  37. 37. high-Z satellite lines 1982 MNRASWednesday, July 20, 2011
  38. 38. Eclipse 1970: “the right stuff”International Consortium Culham ARU Harvard College Observatory Imperial College London York University, TorontoMission to fly a rocket into the shadow path of the 1970 total eclipse-Gabriel et al. 1971, ApJ, 169, 595Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  39. 39. Eclipse 1970: “the right stuff”Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  40. 40. Eclipse 1970: “the right stuff”Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  41. 41. Eclipse 1970: “the right stuff”Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  42. 42. Eclipse 1970:CJ’s IDsWednesday, July 20, 2011
  43. 43. Eclipse 1970:CJ’s IDsWednesday, July 20, 2011
  44. 44. Eclipse 1970:CJ’s IDsWednesday, July 20, 2011
  45. 45. Eclipse 1970:CJ’s IDsWednesday, July 20, 2011
  46. 46. Eclipse 1970: think about itCJ identified 20/28 coronal lines observed between1190-2190 Angstroms during the 1970 eclipse, andhas continued to help to “fill in the gaps” of ourknowledge of the solar spectrum.This can probably happen no more, the work is done.Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  47. 47. 1969-20?? HeliumHearn 1969 MNRAS. Emission coefficients for helium EUV linesCJ: used solar emd and Hearns calculations to predict helium lineintensities- found to be too low. With Hearn made non-eqm wind outflowcalculations- but these did not help.CJ proposed that any process that subjected He I and He II to electronswith energies higher than expected in ionization equilibrium wouldenhance the lines, owing to the larger sensitivity of the E/kT term in thecollisional excitation rates (Δn ≧ 1 transitions).CJ’s seminal papers: Jordan, C., 1975, MNRAS 170, 429 Jordan, C., 1980; Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. A297, 541Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  48. 48. 1969-20?? HeliumHearn 1969 MNRAS. Emission coefficients for helium EUV linesCJ: used solar emd and Hearns calculations to predict helium lineintensities- found to be too low. With Hearn made non-eqm wind outflowcalculations- but these did not help.CJ proposed that any process that subjected He I and He II to electronswith energies higher than expected in ionization equilibrium wouldenhance the lines, owing to the larger sensitivity of the E/kT term in thecollisional excitation rates (Δn ≧ 1 transitions).CJ’s seminal papers: Jordan, C., 1975, MNRAS 170, 429 Jordan, C., 1980; Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. A297, 541 It’s the stuff that does not fit that leads to progress... and these lines power the earth’s thermosphere/ionosphere.Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  49. 49. CJ’s 1970-1976Astrophysics Research Unit, Culham Laboratory, director R. Wilson: Post-doctoral research assistant, 1969–71 Senior Scientific Officer, 1971–73 (Scientific Civil Service) Principal Scientific Officer, 1973–76 Wilson became UCL Perren Professor in 1972. The ARU, funded by SRC, came under pressure to become more of a service, not independent, research group. Plans were afoot to move the ARU from Culham. She had some teaching experience in WEA (Workers Education Association), and at USAF base Upper Heyford: the American service people were "absolutely delightful".1976: Jo Peach (Chemistry Fellow at Somerville College, wife ofastronomer John Peach) told her about a new Tutorial Fellowship inPhysics at Somerville)...Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  50. 50. Solar gamma, X, and EUV radiation; IAU/ COSPAR Symposium, Buenos Aires, Argentina, June 11-14, 1974.Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  51. 51. CJ, Allen, coronal holesWednesday, July 20, 2011
  52. 52. CJ, Allen, coronal holesWednesday, July 20, 2011
  53. 53. CJ, Allen, coronal holesWednesday, July 20, 2011
  54. 54. CJ, Allen, coronal holesWednesday, July 20, 2011
  55. 55. CJ, meetings, debates Structure of the quiet chromosphere and corona. Gabriel, A. H., in "The energy balance and hydrodynamics of the solar chromosphere and corona", Proc IAU 36, Sep 6-10 1976. Discussion p. 400 - 418.Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  56. 56. CJ, meetings, debates Structure of the quiet chromosphere and corona. Gabriel, A. H., in "The energy balance and hydrodynamics of the solar chromosphere and corona", Proc IAU 36, Sep 6-10 1976. Discussion p. 400 - 418. R. G. Athay ".. the question of the inversion of the intensity integral...when radiation losses dominate we expect temperature plateaus"Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  57. 57. CJ, meetings, debates Structure of the quiet chromosphere and corona. Gabriel, A. H., in "The energy balance and hydrodynamics of the solar chromosphere and corona", Proc IAU 36, Sep 6-10 1976. Discussion p. 400 - 418. R. G. Athay ".. the question of the inversion of the intensity integral...when radiation losses dominate we expect temperature plateaus" C. Jordan "Analyses of emission measures, which I have carried out, based on normal incidence spectra for both the disc and center-limb ratios give reliable models in the temperature range 30,000-100,000 K. These models have been published and leave little room for temperature plateaus of significant width".Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  58. 58. serious refereeing Carole has contributed to the health of (astro-) physics worldwide as an outstanding, critical and fair referee of programs, proposals, papers, etc. She (always?) identifies herself to the authors of papers- a role model ... though it is not always easy to see it that way.Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  59. 59. serious refereeing Carole has contributed to the health of (astro-) physics worldwide as an outstanding, critical and fair referee of programs, proposals, papers, etc. She (always?) identifies herself to the authors of papers- a role model ... though it is not always easy to see it that way. Carole “the refer-ator” JordanWednesday, July 20, 2011
  60. 60. serious refereeing Carole has contributed to the health of (astro-) physics worldwide as an outstanding, critical and fair referee of programs, proposals, papers, etc. She (always?) identifies herself to the authors of papers- a role model ... though it is not always easy to see it that way. Carole “the refer-ator” JordanWednesday, July 20, 2011
  61. 61. serious refereeing Carole has contributed to the health of (astro-) physics worldwide as an outstanding, critical and fair referee of programs, proposals, papers, etc. She (always?) identifies herself to the authors of papers- a role model ... though it is not always easy to see it that way. Carole “the refer-ator” JordanWednesday, July 20, 2011
  62. 62. 1976, a pivotal time: CJ -> OxfordWednesday, July 20, 2011
  63. 63. 1976, a pivotal time: CJ -> OxfordWednesday, July 20, 2011
  64. 64. 1976, a pivotal time: CJ -> Oxford Never mind the “cold war”, this is the “cod war”Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  65. 65. 1976-today CJ and Oxford Wolfson Tutorial Fellow in Natural Science, Somerville College 1976-2008 Emeritus Fellow 2008- Reader in physics, 1994–96 Professor of physics 1996-2008 Head of the Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, 2005–2008 Teaching: tutorials/classes physics (12 hr/week to 1994, then 6 hr/week) Finals examiner lecturer (stat. mech., atomic physics, astroph. plasma spectroscopy,...) undergraduate research supervision graduate (D.Phil) research supervision Graduate lectures and classes...Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  66. 66. 1976-today CJ and Oxford Wolfson Tutorial Fellow in Natural Science, Somerville College 1976-2008 Emeritus Fellow 2008- Reader in physics, 1994–96 Professor of physics 1996-2008 Head of the Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, 2005–2008 Teaching: tutorials/classes physics (12 hr/week to 1994, then 6 hr/week) Finals examiner lecturer (stat. mech., atomic physics, astroph. plasma spectroscopy,...) undergraduate research supervision graduate (D.Phil) research supervision moral tutor Graduate lectures and classes...Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  67. 67. Post-graduate students, postdocs D.Phil. students (year awarded) John Adam 1974 (UCL) Rashpal Gill 1982 Blanca Mendoza 1984 Philip Judge 1985 Graham Harper 1988 Mark Munday 1990 Stefan Weber 1993 Andy Rowe 1996 Debbie Philippides 1996 Neil Griffiths 1996 Andrew McMurry 1997 Tetsuo Amaya 1999 Graeme Smith 2000 Stuart Sim 2002 Rachel KoncewiczWednesday, July 20, 2011
  68. 68. Post-graduate students, postdocs D.Phil. students (year awarded) PDRAs John Adam 1974 (UCL) Alex Brown 1978 - 1981 Rashpal Gill 1982 Rashpal Gill 1982 Blanca Mendoza 1984 Nick Veck 1980 - 1983 Philip Judge 1985 Paul Kuin 1982 - 1984 Graham Harper 1988 Philip Judge 1985 -1988 Mark Munday 1990 Benjamin Montesinos 1987 - 1989 Stefan Weber 1993 Graham Harper 1988 - 1990 Andy Rowe 1996 J.L. Fernandez 1990 - 1991 Debbie Philippides 1996 Fukuo Nagai 1984-1985 SERC visiting fellow Neil Griffiths 1996 Vincent Macaulay 1992 - 1993 Andrew McMurry 1997 Stefan Weber 1993 Tetsuo Amaya 1999 Hong-Chou Pan 1993 - 1995 Graeme Smith 2000 Keith McPherson 1996 - 1998 Stuart Sim 2002 Eric Houdebine 2001 - 2003 Rachel Koncewicz Jan-Uwe Ness 2004 - 2006 Hilary Kay 2006 - 2007Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  69. 69. 1976-today selected activitiesWednesday, July 20, 2011
  70. 70. spectroscopyNEW IDENTIFICATIONS:! 1977 Jordan et al Lines of H2 in extreme-ultraviolet solar spectra 1978 Bartoe et al CO UV emission 1980 Brown and Jordan S I emission in EUV spectra of late-type stars 1983 Penston et al IUE and other new observations of the slow nova RR Tel 1984 Johansson & Jordan Selective excitation of Fe II in the laboratory and late-type stellar atmospheres 1986 Jordan et al Identification of [Fe III] in the solar ultraviolet spectrum 1987 Fawcett et al. New spectral line identifications in high-temperature flares (7.7-10 Angstrom) 2011 Jordan The emission line near 1319 Angstrom in solar and stellar spectraWednesday, July 20, 2011
  71. 71. spectroscopyNEW IDENTIFICATIONS:! 1977 Jordan et al Lines of H2 in extreme-ultraviolet solar spectra 1978 Bartoe et al CO UV emission 1980 Brown and Jordan S I emission in EUV spectra of late-type stars 1983 Penston et al IUE and other new observations of the slow nova RR Tel 1984 Johansson & Jordan Selective excitation of Fe II in the laboratory and late-type stellar atmospheres 1986 Jordan et al Identification of [Fe III] in the solar ultraviolet spectrum 1987 Fawcett et al. New spectral line identifications in high-temperature flares (7.7-10 Angstrom) 2011 Jordan The emission line near 1319 Angstrom in solar and stellar spectraWednesday, July 20, 2011
  72. 72. spectroscopyNEW IDENTIFICATIONS:! 1977 Jordan et al Lines of H2 in extreme-ultraviolet solar spectra 1978 Bartoe et al CO UV emission 1980 Brown and Jordan S I emission in EUV spectra of late-type stars 1983 Penston et al IUE and other new observations of the slow nova RR Tel 1984 Johansson & Jordan Selective excitation of Fe II in the laboratory and late-type stellar atmospheres 1986 Jordan et al Identification of [Fe III] in the solar ultraviolet spectrum 1987 Fawcett et al. New spectral line identifications in high-temperature flares (7.7-10 Angstrom) 2011 Jordan The emission line near 1319 Angstrom in solar and stellar spectraWednesday, July 20, 2011
  73. 73. spectroscopyNEW IDENTIFICATIONS:! 1977 Jordan et al Lines of H2 in extreme-ultraviolet solar spectra 1978 Bartoe et al CO UV emission 1980 Brown and Jordan S I emission in EUV spectra of late-type stars 1983 Penston et al IUE and other new observations of the slow nova RR Tel 1984 Johansson & Jordan Selective excitation of Fe II in the laboratory and late-type stellar atmospheres 1986 Jordan et al Identification of [Fe III] in the solar ultraviolet spectrum 1987 Fawcett et al. New spectral line identifications in high-temperature flares (7.7-10 Angstrom) 2011 Jordan The emission line near 1319 Angstrom in solar and stellar spectra “..identified the emission lines concerned as forbidden (electric quadrupole and magnetic dipole) transitions in Fe III, the first detection of these particular transitions in any source”Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  74. 74. 1975-20?? HeliumCJ’s seminal papers: Jordan, C., 1975, The intensities of helium lines in the solar EUV spectrum MNRAS 170, 429 Jordan, C., 1980; Helium Line Emission: Its Relation to Atmospheric Structure Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. A297, 5411997,1999 MacPherson & Jordan ...anomalous intensities of helium lines...1999 MacPherson, Jordan & Smith Dynamical Behaviour Of Helium Lines In The Quiet Solar Transition Region2001 Jordan et al. The anomalous intensities of helium lines in a coronal hole2002 Smith & Jordan !Enhancement of the helium resonance lines in the solar atmosphere by suprathermal electron excitation - I. Non-thermal transport of helium ions2003 Houdebine et al. New constraints on the formation of the helium lines2005 Jordan, Smith & Houdebine !Photon scattering in the solar ultraviolet lines of HeI and HeIIWednesday, July 20, 2011
  75. 75. 1975-20?? HeliumCJ’s seminal papers: Jordan, C., 1975, The intensities of helium lines in the solar EUV spectrum MNRAS 170, 429 Jordan, C., 1980; Helium Line Emission: Its Relation to Atmospheric Structure Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. A297, 5411997,1999 MacPherson & Jordan ...anomalous intensities of helium lines...1999 MacPherson, Jordan & Smith Dynamical Behaviour Of Helium Lines In The Quiet Solar Transition Region2001 Jordan et al. The anomalous intensities of helium lines in a coronal hole2002 Smith & Jordan !Enhancement of the helium resonance lines in the solar atmosphere by suprathermal electron excitation - I. Non-thermal transport of helium ions2003 Houdebine et al. New constraints on the formation of the helium lines2005 Jordan, Smith & Houdebine !Photon scattering in the solar ultraviolet lines of HeI and HeIIWednesday, July 20, 2011
  76. 76. 1975-20?? HeliumCJ’s seminal papers: Jordan, C., 1975, The intensities of helium lines in the solar EUV spectrum MNRAS 170, 429 Jordan, C., 1980; Helium Line Emission: Its Relation to Atmospheric Structure Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. A297, 5411997,1999 MacPherson & Jordan ...anomalous intensities of helium lines...1999 MacPherson, Jordan & Smith Dynamical Behaviour Of Helium Lines In The Quiet Solar Transition Region2001 Jordan et al. The anomalous intensities of helium lines in a coronal hole2002 Smith & Jordan !Enhancement of the helium resonance lines in the solar atmosphere by suprathermal electron excitation - I. Non-thermal transport of helium ions2003 Houdebine et al. New constraints on the formation of the helium lines2005 Jordan, Smith & Houdebine !Photon scattering in the solar ultraviolet lines of HeI and HeIIWednesday, July 20, 2011
  77. 77. Atmospheric structure, energy balance 1971 Jordan and Wilson The Determination of Chromospheric-Coronal Structure from Solar XUV Observations 1971 Burton et al. The Structure of the Chromosphere-Corona Transition Region from Limb and Disk Intensities 1973 Burton et al. Further Observations of the Structure of the Chromosphere-corona Transition Region from Limb and Disk Intensities 1975 Jordan IAU The structure of solar active regions from EUV and soft X-ray observations 1975 Evans, Jordan Wilson Observations of chromospheric and coronal emission lines in F stars (Copernicus) 1975 Gabriel & Jordan Analysis of EUV observations of regions of the quiet and active corona at the time of the 1970 March 7 eclipse 1976 Jordan ! The structure and energy balance of solar active regions RSPTA 1980 Jordan A+A The energy balance of the solar transition region 1981 Brown & Jordan The chromosphere and corona of Procyon /alpha CMi, F5 IV-V 1981 Jordan SSRV The active sun 1981 Jordan and Brown "Energy balance in solar and stellar coronae" (Bonas) 1984 Brown, Ferraz, Jordan The chromosphere and corona of T Tauri Brown, Ferraz, Jordan 1984 Brown et al High-resolution, far-ultraviolet study of Beta Draconis (G2 Ib-II) - Transition region structure and energy balance 1984 Jordan, Mendoza, Gill Observational constraints on heating processes 1985 Jordan Derivation of atmospheric structure from emission line fluxes 1986 Jordan et al The outer atmosphere of Procyon (Alpha CMi F5IV-V) - Evidence of supergranulation or active regions 1986 Jordan Wave-driven winds from cool stars - Progress and problems 1987 Jordan et al The chromospheres and coronae of five G-K main-sequence stars 1988 Jordan & Kuin The outer atmospheres and winds of T Tau and RU LUPI 1992 Jordan Modelling of solar coronal loops, Mem. S. Astr. It. 63, 605-620 1996 Jordan The Chromosphere-Corona Transition Region in Late-Type Stars 2005 Sim & Jordan Modelling the chromosphere and transition region of ɛ Eri (K2 V) 2008 Ness & Jordan The corona and upper transition region of ɛEridaniWednesday, July 20, 2011
  78. 78. Atmospheric structure, energy balance: quintessence 1992 Jordan Modelling of solar coronal loops, Mem. S. Astr. It. 63, 605-620 "This review concentrates on what is known about the observable parameters, and how these are related to the theoretical energy balance equation" -clarifies the physics behind “scaling laws”Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  79. 79. etcWednesday, July 20, 2011
  80. 80. etc flares 1981 Culhane et al. X-ray spectra of solar flares obtained with a high-resolution bent crystal spectrometer Ca XVIII XIX, Fe XXV, XXIV, XXVI 1982 Jordan & Veck Comparison of observed CA XIX and CA XVIII relative line intensities with current theory 1984 Veck et al 1984 The development and cooling of a solar limb-flare 1984 Antonucci et al Derivation of ionization balance for calcium XVIII/XIX using XRP solar X-ray data 1985 Nagai & Jordan Gas dynamics in the impulsive phase of solar flares. 1986 Smale et al X-ray and optical observations of a dMe flare star in the T Tauri field 1995 Pan & Jordan 1995 ROSAT observations of the flare star CC ERI 1997 Pan et al An exceptional X-ray flare on the dMe star EQ1839.6+8002 stellar chromospheres and winds rotation and magnetism red giants, hybrid giants T Tauri stars Novae AGNs ...Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  81. 81. Awards and distinctions 1990 Fellow of the Royal Society of London 1990 Fellow of University College London 1991 Honorary Doctor of the University of Surrey 1993 Member, Academia Europeae 2008 Honorary DSc Queens University Belfast 2011 Honorary Fellow of the Inst. of Physics.Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  82. 82. further awards and distinctions In 2000 Asteroid 8078 was named Carolejordan -Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  83. 83. further awards and distinctions In 2000 Asteroid 8078 was named Carolejordan - CJ is in the JPL "small body database"Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  84. 84. further, further awards and distinctions2005 RAS Gold Medal (G) for "For contributions to solarphysics and their applications to stellar physics"Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  85. 85. further, further awards and distinctions2005 RAS Gold Medal (G) for "For contributions to solarphysics and their applications to stellar physics"(PGJ aside:This medal wasproduced under duressfrom a filing cabinet).Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  86. 86. further, further, further awards and distinctionsWednesday, July 20, 2011
  87. 87. further, further, further awards and distinctions Some Dames Commander of the British Empire (DBEs) 1917 The Baroness Byron 1942 Katharine Jones, Matron-in-Chief, Queen Alexandras Nursing Service 1956 Margot Fonteyn 1971 Agatha Christie 1987 Iris MurdochWednesday, July 20, 2011
  88. 88. further, further, further awards and distinctions Some Dames Commander of the British Empire (DBEs) 1917 The Baroness Byron 1942 Katharine Jones, Matron-in-Chief, Queen Alexandras Nursing Service 1956 Margot Fonteyn 1971 Agatha Christie 1987 Iris Murdoch 2006 Carole Jordan for Contributions to Physics and AstronomyWednesday, July 20, 2011
  89. 89. further, further, further awards and distinctions Some Dames Commander of the British Empire (DBEs) 1917 The Baroness Byron 1942 Katharine Jones, Matron-in-Chief, Queen Alexandras Nursing Service 1956 Margot Fonteyn 1971 Agatha Christie 1987 Iris Murdoch 2006 Carole Jordan for Contributions to Physics and Astronomy , Matron-in-Chief, Queen Elizabeth IIs Spectroscopic ServiceWednesday, July 20, 2011
  90. 90. ``Nisi Dominus Frustra’’Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  91. 91. ``Nisi Dominus Frustra’’ if not the master, all is in vainWednesday, July 20, 2011
  92. 92. Some of CJ’s traits I try to emulate creativity integrity rigour boldness ...and especially with (at least one of) her students... generosity humour patienceWednesday, July 20, 2011
  93. 93. Some of CJ’s traits I try to emulate creativity integrity rigour boldness ...and especially with (at least one of) her students... generosity humour patience For this and many other reasons, thank you, Carole.Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  94. 94. sidenote: CW Allen and Carole’s Academic HeritageWoolley & Allen 1948: - dominance of two-body collisions in the corona - “well-mixed” corona near 1MKWoolley & Allen 1950: - first chromosphere-corona energy balance model including conduction - ambitious, but with realism.Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  95. 95. sidenote: CW Allen and Carole’s Academic HeritageWoolley & Allen 1948: - dominance of two-body collisions in the corona - “well-mixed” corona near 1MKWoolley & Allen 1950: - first chromosphere-corona energy balance model including conduction - ambitious, but with realism.Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  96. 96. sidenote: CW Allen and Carole’s Academic HeritageWoolley & Allen 1948: - dominance of two-body collisions in the corona - “well-mixed” corona near 1MKWoolley & Allen 1950: - first chromosphere-corona energy balance model including conduction - ambitious, but with realism.Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  97. 97. Harrow County Grammar School for GirlsWednesday, July 20, 2011
  98. 98. Harrow County Grammar School for GirlsWednesday, July 20, 2011

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