Reading about celebrations


Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Reading about celebrations

  1. 1. Reading about celebrations Brazils Famous Carnival Holiday Renata Pauperio from Brazil Carnival is the most famous holiday in Brazil. It is not about a big moment in history or about a famous person, but it is important for the people because its a time of camaraderie, freedom, and almost a whole week without work. People can choose between parties or rest, and most Photo: Renata people choose parties, day Pauperio after day, night after night. Wearing a costume is part of the fun It starts forty days before of Carnival in Easter. Its based on the Brazil. Christian calendar, but it isnt approved by the Church very well. It lasts four days and four nights. It starts on Saturday and finishes on a Thursday. People put on their costumes and go out into the streets or to clubs. There are also the Samba schools which make a parade showing their music, fantasies, and allegorical cars. They are followed by the people. Every year the parade tell a different story. Each city has one or more schools like this.
  2. 2. Carnival is celebrated in the south where by Wednesday everything comes back to normal. The problem is that it is not approved by the church in the Northwest where carnival is more traditional. There people dont respect its end and continue to party until the next Sunday. I like Carnival, but I dont agree that the party should keep going on. And, like at every other popular party, people drive, dance and have fun. Unfortunately, some people arent conscientious and give it a bad name, leaving a bad impression of this holiday, but it is the only national holiday that moves all the country and its different kinds of people and cultures together. Return to: Holidays and Celebrations of the World || Home Page TOPICS Online Magazine ©1997-2009 - Sandy & Thomas Petersnitsa in BulgariaRositsa Ruseva from BulgariaThis article was first published at Celebrating BulgariaCulture, History, and Music, a writing project by journalismstudents of Rena Danailova.Photo: Samentaa /
  3. 3. Johanna For more than 1,000 years, weSome like to wear the in Bulgaria have celebratedMartenitsa around our national holiday on Marchtheir wrists. 1st called ‘Baba Marta,’ Grandma March. ‘Mart’ in Bulgarian is the name for the month of March. This holiday symbolizes the coming of spring. Bulgarians wear a small special ornament made of red and white yarn on this day,Photo from Todor called ‘Martenitsa.’ We wear itBozhinov until March 22, and someSometimes people tie people wear it until they see aMartenitsas to the stork or the first buds of abranch of a tree or tree.bush to leave there.You can find the Some like to wear theMartenitsas hanging Martenitsa around their wrists.there in the branches Sometimes people tie it to theas you walk outside. branch of a tree or bush to leave there. You can find theMartenitsas hanging there in the branches as you walkoutside.The belief is that if you wear the Martenitsa, Baba Martawill help you, and spring will come more quickly. Peopleoften give a Martenitsa as a gift to a friend or relative.The tradition comes from the following legend:Khan Asparuh, the first Bulgarian king, had a sister calledHuba. She was held captive in another kingdom. Asparuhsent a message to his sister that he had found a land wherethey could settle down south of the Danube River, a placethat nowadays is Bulgaria.When Huba got the good news from her brother, shemanaged to escape from captivity and run away. She rodeon horseback without stopping until she reached the
  4. 4. Danube River. She looked for some way to cross the mightyriver but couldn’t find a ford to pass across. So then shetied a thread of white yarn to one of the legs of a falconsent by her brother and let him fly up into the air, holdingthe other end of the thin thread in her hands.The falcon flew away to find a ford for passage across theriver and just then, when he found a place, an arrow shotby an enemy pierced the falcon, and he fell to the grounddead. The yarn became red from his blood. Huba followedthe thread she was holding and so she found the way tocross the great river and reach the country where herbrother Asparuh had made his new home. Then they livedfree and happy in the new land they called Bulgaria.That day was March 1st, the new year in the tradition ofthose times. They called the white and red threads of yarnafter the name of the month March, and named it‘Martenitsa.’The Martenitsa became a symbol of peace and love, healthand happiness. The white color symbolizes purity andhonesty in relationships, and the red color means life,passion, and cordiality in friendshipand mutual love.Since that time the red and whitethreads of yarn have come tosymbolize the strong bond amongBulgarians around the world.This special national holiday on March1st reminds us of the values which the RositsaMartenitsa has carried down through Ruseva isthe centuries. the authorAnd all Bulgarians everywhere wear it of thisas an ornament on this special day, article.and for three weeks after that, untilspring begins.
  5. 5. Return to: Holidays and Celebrations of the World | HomePageTOPICS Online Magazine © - Sandy & Thomas Peters Saint Patricks Day in Ireland Cannelle and Ewa from Ireland Cannelle and Ewat describe how people celebrate this famous Irish holiday and encourage readers to come and experience it. On the 17th of March every year, Ireland celebrates a special day called Saint Patrick’s Day. Saint Patrick is the patron saint of Ireland and brought Christianity to this country. People in Ireland paint their faces and draw shamrocks or the Irish flag on their faces to look cool. They go to the parade and enjoy the Photo: William day. Murphy People in Ireland There are a lot of floats paint their faces going through the and draw streets with people on shamrocks or the them playing Irish music Irish flag on their and doing Irish dancing. faces to look cool. There are bands playing music and clowns and acrobats in the parade too. A lot of people from different countries come to Ireland to join in the celebrations and have a good time. Sometimes people come to Ireland for
  6. 6. the first time just to see and go to the hugeparade that people celebrate here. Lots of peopledress up for the day at the parade or at home.Some dress as leprechauns. They wear colourfulclothes and hats to look great.In the evening people go to the pub to listen toIrish music and drink Guinness. There is also ahuge firework display on the river whichthousands of people go to watch.Saint Patrick’s Day is a great festival and peoplethat have never seen it should come to see ithere in Ireland and dress up. You should come toIreland some Saint Patrick’s Day to celebratebecause it’s fun!Return to: Holidays and Celebrations of the World| Home PageTOPICS Online Magazine ©1997-2009 -Sandy and Thomas Peters
  7. 7. Día de los Muertos in MexicoFrancisco Javier Montes from MexicoPhoto: Sandy PetersMexicans buysmiling candyskulls with thenames of thepeople, family andfriends written onthe forehead.These skulls aremade of sugar,and the childreneat them likecandies.Photo: Sandy PetersThey make small
  8. 8. toys that look like Halloween in Mexicoskeletons, and (called Los Dias de losthey tell funny Muertos in Spanish) isstories about a different celebrationdeath. This from Halloween in allskeleton is playing the other countries.a musicalinstrument. Even though, its the day of death in Mexico, death brings laughter, and in that celebration, the Mexican people play with death, making people laugh. The celebrationPhoto: Sandy Peters includes jokes,Pan de Muerto parties, dancing,(bread of the music, and a lot ofdead) is a delightful food.traditional bread Everyone buys smilingoffered to loved candy skulls with theones who have names of the people,passed away. family and friends written on theforehead.These skulls are made of sugar, and thechildren eat them like candies.Los Dias de los Muertos is a traditionalMexican holiday honoring the dead. It iscelebrated every year at the same time asHalloween and the Christian holy days of AllSaints Day and All Souls Day (November 1stand 2nd).The towns people dress up as ghouls,
  9. 9. ghosts, mummies and skeletons and paradethrough the town carrying an open coffin.The Mexican people celebrate the deceasedpeople by making offers of food and drink(ofertas) to these dead people and making aparty of death.They make candy skulls and toys that looklike skeletons, and they tell funny storiesabout death.There is a saying that says: "Through theMexicans, death makes laughter." All theMexicans participate in these celebrations.They are traditions in our country, andalmost everyone enjoys them.
  10. 10. Easter dayPeople celebrate Easter according to their beliefs and theirreligious denominations. Christians commemorate Good Fridayas the day that Jesus Christ died and Easter Sunday as the daythat He was resurrected. Protestant settlers brought the customof a sunrise service, a religious gathering at dawn, to the UnitedStates.Who is the Easter Bunny?Today on Easter Sunday, many children wake up to find that theEaster Bunny has left them baskets of candy. He has also hiddenthe eggs that they decorated earlier that week. Children hunt forthe eggs all around the house. Neighborhoods and organizationshold Easter egg hunts, and the child who finds the most eggswins a prize.The Easter Bunny is a rabbit-spirit. Long ago, he was called the"Easter Hare", hares and rabbits have frequent multiple births sothey became a symbol of fertility. The custom of an Easter egghunt began because children believed that hares laid eggs in thegrass. The Romans believed that "All life comes from an egg."Christians consider eggs to be "the seed of life" and so they aresymbolic of the resurrection of Jesus Christ.
  11. 11. Why we dye, or color, and decorate eggs is not certain. Inancient Egypt, Greece, Rome and Persia eggs were dyed forspring festivals. In medieval Europe, beautifully decorated eggswere given as gifts.