What is the day of the Dead?• More than 500 years ago, when the Spanish Conquistadors landed in what is now Mexico, they saw native Indians practicing a ritual that seemed to mock death.
The Day of the Dead• A ritual known today as Dia de los Muertos, or Day of the Dead, had been practiced by the local people at least 3,000 years.• The Spaniards tried to stamp out the ritual but were unsuccessful.• It is still celebrated in Mexico and certain parts of the USA.
• The Brazilian Carnival, properly spelled Carnaval, is an annual festival in Brazil held four days before Ash Wednesday, the day of fasting and repentance that marks the beginning of Lent.
Rio Carnival• Carnival in Rio de Janeiro is now considered one of the greatest shows on Earth.• Rio de Janeiro is known as the cultural capital of Brazil and was the administrative capital from 1822 to 1960, when Federal Government moved to the new capital, Brasilia.• The first festivals of Rio date back to 1723.
Bulgarian Martenitsa This widespread practice of wearing of Martenitza and its exclusive stability in the Bulgarian folk culture is explained with the believed magical power of the red colour. It is believed to have the magic power to chase away the evil spirits, the demons and the illneses. 11
Bulgarian MartenitsaMany of the fabricthreads are quitelike dolls, and arecalled Pijo andPenda. ATTIC Project Meeting 12 Kerteminde Denmark