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Rise of Hitler - intelligence file


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  • 1. P A to rces why Sou gate e3 from vesti wer.Ch oos p you in se to po to hel ler r o Hit Hit ler w did r? Ho wee File po igenc to Intell ise The r
  • 2. Source Z: SAMPLEMein Kampf (English In Mein Kampf Hitler outlined his political philosophy. He argued : My Struggle or My that the German (he wrongly described them as the Aryan race) Battle) is a book by  was superior to all others. Hitler believed that Aryan superiority Nazi leader  was being threatened particularly by the Jewish race who, he Adolf Hitler published  argued, were lazy and had contributed little to world civilization. between 1925 and  (Hitler ignored the fact that some of his favourite composers 1926 and musicians were Jewish).   In Mein Kampf Hitler declared that: "The external security of a  people in largely determined by the size of its territory." If he  won power Hitler promised to occupy Russian land that would  provide protection andlebensraum (living space) for the German  people. This action would help to destroy the Jewish/Marxist  attempt to control the world: "The Russian Empire in the East is  ripe for collapse; and the end of the Jewish domination of Russia  will also be the end of Russia as a state.”
  • 3. Source AA Nazi election poster from July 1932.The Nazis proclaim ‘We build!’ andpromise to provide work, freedom andbread. Riverside Secondary School 2010/SA1/ History /3E 
  • 4. Source BA Nazi propagandaposter drawn in the1930sSource D:
  • 5. Source CThis Nazi poster of1932 says: ‘Hitler – ourlast hope’. Source E:
  • 6. Source DAn extract from an article “Hitler’s Popularity”,written by a Jew who lived in Nazi Germany in the1930s.Hitler used his strong nationalistic convictions and oratory skills to the fullest. His message was simple: “Germany did not lose the war but was stabbed in the back by the Jewish traitors. The Versailles Treaty was the root of all evil. The Jewish Capitalists and the Communists are the mortal enemies of the German people. The Germans are a superior race destined to rule the World. Hitler was not capable of making mistakes in all matters of life and death, and the destiny of Germany was in his hands.” The message was well received. Hitler skillfully and convincingly told the Germans what they wanted to hear, and they voted for him and he was appointed Chancellor. taken from “Hitler’s Popularity” by Alexander Kimal 
  • 7. Source EA description of one of Hitler’s rallies in 1931, takenfrom a book written by Albert Speer, a Germanarchitect and Nazi Minister.Here it seemed to me was hope. The perils of communism could be checked; instead of hopeless unemployment, Germany could move towards economic recovery. He had mentioned the Jewish problem only in passing and his comments did not bother me. It was during these months that my mother saw a Stormtrooper parade. The sight of discipline in a time of chaos seems to have won her over. as quoted in The 20th Century: As It Was Lived by Nigel Kelly 
  • 8. Source F An extract from an article on hyperinflation.• Hyperinflation refers to out of  control or extremely rapid inflation,  where prices increase very quickly  that the concept of money becomes  meaningless. • Perhaps the most well known  example of hyperinflation occurred  in Germany from 1922-1923 where  the average price for all goods and  services increased 20 Billion times.  Prices doubled every 28 hours for 20  months! Some Germans were seen  carrying cash in wheelbarrows to buy  a loaf of bread.
  • 9. Source GGerman childrenplaying withstacks of money.The Germancurrency had verylittle value in the1920s.
  • 10. Source HGerman woman usingmoney as fuel inher wood burning stove.During the 1923-1924hyperinflation inGermany, it tookless paper money togenerate the neededheat in the stove byburning the moneythan it did to use it to buywood to burn.
  • 11. Source IHitler’s privatearmy, the Sturm-Abteilung orStormtroopers,showing off theNazis’organizationaleffectiveness.
  • 12. Source JA profile of AdolfHitler from ahistory textbook
  • 13. Source KReports on theorganisation ofthe Nazi partyfrom a historytextbook
  • 14. Source LA comic onHitler’s path tobecoming theChancellor in1933
  • 15. Source MA telegram from an old army general to German President Hindenburgon the appointment of Hitler as Chancellor in 1933By appointing Hitler Chancellor of the Reich, you have handed over our sacred German Fatherland to one of the greatest demagogues of all time. I prophesy to you that this evil man will plunge our Reich into the abyss and will inflict immeasurable woe on our nation. Future generations will curse you in your grave for this action
  • 16. Source N The Reichstag fire (German: Der Reichstagsbrand) was an act of arson (setting fire) on the Reichstag building, place of meeting of the German Parliament, in Berlin on 27 February 1933. A Berlin fire station was called, and by the time the police and firefighters had arrived, most of the building was covered in flames. Inside the building, Marinus van der Lubbe was found. He was a Dutch communist. the Nazis used it as a proof that communists were beginning a plot against the German government. This is an account from an eyewitness (Rudolf Diels – the head of the German secret police or Gestapo)Shortly after my arrival in the burning Reichstag, the Nazi elite had arrived. On a balcony jutting out of the chamber, Hitler and his trusty followers were assembled… Hitler turned to the assembled company. Now I saw that his face was purple with agitation and with the heat. He shouted uncontrollably, as I had never seen him do before, as if he was going to burst: "There will be no mercy now. Anyone who stands in our way will be cut down. The German people will not tolerate leniency. Every communist official will be shot where he is found. Everybody in league with the Communists must be arrested.”
  • 17. Source OThe poster reads, “Bolshevismbrings war, unemployment andfamine.”This poster was published bythe German Association forconquering Bolshevism in 1918.
  • 18. Source P An account of a meeting between Hitler and von Papen in a friend’s house in Cologne (town in Germany), January 1933On 4 January 1933, Hitler, von Papen, and other German leaders came to my house in Cologne. Hitler, von Papen and I went to my den where we were closeted in a discussion lasting about two hours. … Von Papen told Hitler that it seemed to him the best thing to have the conservatives and nationalists who had supported him join with the Nazis to form a government. He proposed that this new government should, if possible, be headed by Hitler as Chancellor.