Pres 13 john thorby eskom
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Pres 13 john thorby eskom

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Driving EV Policy & Charging Infrastructure 6 & 7 November 2012 South Africa

Driving EV Policy & Charging Infrastructure 6 & 7 November 2012 South Africa

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  • 20100121 IDM Presentation
  • The Standard Product model comprises pre-approved rebates for energy savings achieved through specified technologies. Through this programme, customers are able to replace most commonly-used inefficient technologies with their energy efficient equivalents. The Standard Product offer was developed to create capacity to implement small and medium-sized projects. Standard Products, referred to as an application specific standard product (ASSP), are available as off-the-shelf components. Such products, approved by Eskom, are replacements for less energy efficient technologies. A product can be a component, sub assembly or a complete “machine”. Technologies include lighting equipment (CFLs instead of incandescent bulbs) control systems (building/process management, occupancy sensors, daylight sensors etc), and programmable process control systems. Energy saving projects may be undertaken by Energy Services Companies (ESCOs) or customers. Issue: Manual business processes and resource intensive processes for relative low savings. Extend range of Standard Technologies 20100121 IDM Presentation
  • GE’s WattStation™ is an easy-to-use electric vehicle (EV) charger designed to help accelerate the adoption of plug-in electric vehicles (PEV) by significantly decreasing time needed for vehicle charging. Its smart grid-enabled technology could also help utility companies manage the impact of EVs on the local and regional grids. On average the WattStation™ decreases EV charging time from 12-18 hours to as little as 4-8 hours compared to standard charging, assuming a 24 kWh battery and a full-cycle charge. In addition, the design will enable integration into the electrical distribution system, offering an end-to-end integrated EV infrastructure solution of electrical distribution products.
  • Soon, Nissan’s Leaf electric car won’t just draw power from its owners’ homes – it will help to power those buildings, the car maker says. Nissan has unveiled a system which enables the Leaf’s lithium-ion batteries to supply electricity to households, using a connector linked to the car’s quick charging port. This allows the Leaf to be used as an electricity storage device for houses in preparation for power outages – a particular concern in Japan, where power supplies have continued to suffer interruptions following the Fukushima nuclear crisis earlier this year. The lithium-ion batteries can store up to 24kWh of electricity, sufficient to power an average Japanese household for about two days. The system can not only supply electricity from the vehicle but also charge it to the vehicle, Nissan says. The new system is installed at a model house in front of the Nissan global headquarters, and the company says it aims to commercialize the system during this fiscal year. The connector complies with the CHAdeMO Association’s global protocol for quick chargers.
  • http://www.sustainablelifemedia.com/news_and_views/articles August 12, 2011—Ford and solar panel maker SunPower Corp. have teamed up to offer a residential solar system designed to offset the electricity used to charge Ford’s new Focus Electric vehicle, which debuts later this year. Ford is the first automaker to market a solar system with its electric vehicles (EVs), and the option responds to one of the major environmental criticisms of EVs: that they will increase demand for electricity produced by polluting, fossil-fuel power plants. Under the "Drive Green for Life" program, Ford EV customers can buy a 2.5-kilowatt rooftop solar system for under $10,000. That price includes federal rebates, but additional state and local rebates could lower the price to as little as $4,600. The system will generate an average of 3000 kilowatt-hours of electricity a year, enough to charge a vehicle driven about 1,000 miles a month. The companies are pitching it as a way to reduce the total cost of ownership. The solar offering will be expanded to support all of Ford’s upcoming electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles. In January, Ford announced an agreement with consumer electronics retailer Best Buy to offer a 240-volt home charging station for electric vehicle owners.
  • The smart city is a place that marries humans, technology and ecology – note that this is a definition created by companies selling technology, but we’ll work with that for now.
  • What makes it smart is the participatory network of people, utilities and things (like vehicles and appliances). No doubt that sustainable energy forms an important part of this solution, but it is not the whole solution by far.
  • Electric vehicles are the start of smart. Connect them to information systems and make them public or shareable resources and they are very smart.
  • Source: IBM Global Energy and Utilities Industry – Smarter Energy for Smarter Cities
  • Source: IBM Global Energy and Utilities Industry – Smarter Energy for Smarter Cities

Pres 13 john thorby eskom Pres 13 john thorby eskom Presentation Transcript

  • Funding of Solar PV Carports andRooftop Solar for EV Charging7th November 2012John Thorby
  • Overview of presentation• The state of the Eskom system• The threats and opportunities created by electric vehicles• IDM funding mechanisms and programmes• Scenarios for car hire and fleet operators• Savings and future design considerations2012/05/12 2
  • need for new capacity and energy managementThe State of the Electricity System
  • IntroductionSouth Africa’s power system is constrained and will be for next few yearsEskom, together with stakeholders, have kept the lights on since 2008Most power stations are in their mid-life and require increased maintenanceStrategy of shifting maintenance outages can no longer be sustained.Significant maintenance is required to address backlogsInitiatives are in place to keep the lights on 4
  • Demand profiles in Summer andWinter
  • The Threats and Opportunities created by ElectricVehicles
  • Impact of Electric VehiclesThreats Opportunities• EV’s will have a substantial • EV’s will result in additional impact on the demand for electricity usage and sales electricity • EV’s will provide electricity• Eskom does not have sufficient storage capacity which could generating capacity to meet the be a valuable resource existing demand for electricity • EV’s could bring investments• EV charging infrastructure will into the electricity sector put substantial additional load on already overloaded • Developments in EV’s could networks result in new technologies ie: batteries2011/11/09 7
  • Eskom will support initiatives to drive the growth of EV technologies and infrastructure. Eskom will assist with funding of appropriate EV solutions.2011/11/09 8
  • IDM Funding Mechanisms and Programmes2011/11/09 9
  • Comparison of DSM & Demand Response Energy Efficiency: DSM • Permanent reduction in energy use • Invest in more efficient equipment • Eskom capex subsidy for equipment Load shifting / Peak Clipping: DSM • Reduce consumption during peak tariff hours • Invest in control systems • Eskom tariff price signal & capex subsidy Demand Response • Reduce consumption during peak system hours • Utilise storage, excess capacity, or process buffers • Eskom payment for temporary load reduction
  • Eskom supports multiple technologies Energy efficient Building management Electrical hot Process lighting systems systems water systems optimisationAir conditioners Solar water Heat Shower Motors heaters pumps heads
  • Eskom has targeted a number of future focus areas LSM 4 - 7 (number of appliances) 54.1 m 10.7 m 4.1 m 0.09 m 6.5 m 1.2 m 22.1 m 2.4 m Residential House LEDs retrofits Waste Heat Photovoltaic Recovery
  • Standard OfferEnergy Efficiency payments at a fixed rate for a fixed period (16 hours)Lighting, LEDs, Hot Water Systems, Solar, Industrial ProcessOptimisationReplace inefficient technologies with a SOP projects registered (cumulative progress since Apr 2011) 100 No. Of Projects Demand Savings (MW) Energy Savings (GWh) 250 80pre-approved suite of energy efficient 80 61 66 74 200products 60 150 47 40 36 100 27 30 W G 22 S g n h s v a ) ( i 17 N p o s c e 20 50 r 12 t f W j . m M 9 & D E g d n y a e 5 r ) ( 3Size: 50kW-5MW (Mon-Fri 6:00-22:00) 0 0 O M u A A J M M N D p p A S n u n a F c J J b e a g u p e o e l v c a a r r y yMarket focus: Industrial / Commercial t rStandard rate per kWh per technology 80 projects42 – 120 c/kWh (Peak Hours) 32.3 MW demand savingsSustainability ensured by procuring 209.6 GWhenergy savings over a 3 year period energy savings(70% on completion and 10% pathereafter)
  • Standard ProductPre-approved rebates for deemed energy savings (24/7) achievedthrough specified technologies – efficient replacementsLighting, Shower heads, Industrial heat pumps SPP Projects registered (cumulative progress since Apr 2011) 1500 360Small to medium projects No. Of Projects Demand Savings (MW) Energy Savings (GWh) 1150 1287 983 1000 230 816 688 570Size: <250kW savings 500 460 100 W 331 G S g n h s v a 238 ) ( i N p o s c e rMarket focus: Commercial 134 t f W j . m M & D E 67 g d n y a e 18 39 r 4 ) ( 0 -30 O M u A A M J M N D p p A S n u n a F c J J b e a g u p e o e v c a l a r r y y t rStandard value per rebated item, 1,287scaled to 85% of SOP projectsRebate capped at R1,875,000 50.1 MW demand savings 323 GWh energy savings 2012/05/12
  • Demand Response as at 31 Jan 2012Payment of a fixed rate for load reduction at fixed predetermined times.Demand Market Participation (DMP) programme; Demand ResponseAggregated Pilot (DRAPP) programmeDMPSize: Customers with 20-80MWdemand reduction potentialMarket focus: IndustrialDRAPPSize: Customers with <10MW 900MWdemand reduction potential reduction contracted forMarket focus: Small industrial and current DMPcommercial Up to 2,500MW reductionMultiple fixed rate per MWh potential = DRAPPR800/MWh – R1000/MWh. 2012/05/12
  • Scenarios for Car Hire and Fleet Operators
  • Car Hire and Fleet Operators• Car Hire companies and fleet operators are ideally positioned to invest in EV infrastructure:- • Bulk charging facilities – Rapid charge and others • PV carports and parking facilities • Battery maintenance and spares • Sponsored charging facilities at various key facilities ie: hotels, shopping malls and points of interest
  • Extending smart grids to electric vehicles GE’s WattStation™ is a high-speed electric vehicle (EV) charger. Its smart grid-enabled technology could also help utility companies manage the impact of EVs on the local and regional grids. Decreases EV charging time from 12-18 hours to as little as 4-8 hours. Enables integration into the electrical distribution system, offering an end-to-end integrated EV infrastructure solution.http://www.ecomagination.com/technologies/wattstation/18
  • Even the normal residential customer could reap thebenefits ……..
  • Nissan Leaf to help power homes Nissan has unveiled a system which enables the Leaf’s lithium-ion batteries to supply electricity to households This allows the Leaf to be used as an electricity storage device for houses in preparation for power outages – a particular concern in Japan, where power supplies have continued to suffer interruptions following the Fukushima nuclear crisis earlier this year.http://www.environmentalleader.com/2011/08/04/nissan-leaf-to-help-power-homes 20
  • Ford electric vehicles sold with solar PV systems and solar sunroof option Ford and solar panel maker SunPower Corp. have teamed up to offer a residential solar system designed to offset the electricity used to charge Ford’s new Focus Electric vehicle, which debuts later this year. ` In January, Ford announced an agreement with consumer electronics retailer Best Buy to offer a 240-volt home charging station for electric vehicle owners. All Electric Ford Focus Will Include Optional Rooftop Solar Power Systemhttp://media.ford.com/article_display.cfm?article_id=35036 21http://solarpowerpanels.ws/solar-power/all-electric-ford-focus-will-include-optional-rooftop-solar-power-system
  • Savings and Future Design Considerations
  • Smart City2011/11/09 23
  • Participatory Network2011/11/09 24
  • Electric Vehicles http://images.thecarconnection.com/lrg/tk-at-hertz-global-ev-rental-launch-new-york-city-december-2010_100332893_l.jpg
  • In which energy will play an integral part Evolving Energy Value Chain (IBM) TRADITIONAL ENERGY VALUE CHAIN Coal/Natural Gas UTILITY Hydroelectric Nuclear Consumer Power Flow Periodic Information Flow Continuous Information FlowSource: IBM Global Energyand Utilities Industry – Smarter 26Energy for Smarter Cities
  • Energy will play an integral part Evolving Energy Value Chain (IBM) TRANSFORMED ENERGY VALUE CHAIN Solar Energy Storage UTILITY Wind Coal/Natural Gas Energy Storage Hydroelectric Nuclear Solar Wind Solar Energy Storage Consumer Plug-in Vehicle Power Flow Periodic Information Flow Continuous Information FlowSource: IBM Global Energyand Utilities Industry – SmarterEnergy for Smarter Cities Wind
  • Thank You