Pres 07 e mobility value chain for south africa mk mathe


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Driving EV Policy & Charging Infrastructure 6 & 7 November 2012 South Africa

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Pres 07 e mobility value chain for south africa mk mathe

  1. 1. eMobility Value Chain for South Africa Mkhulu Mathe, PhD Infrastructure, JHB, November 2012
  2. 2. Agenda 2 1 eMobility CSIR/MSM R&D 4 3 IBA key Value points Chain 5 6 On-going Summary R&D© CSIR 2011
  3. 3. Reflections• Will lithium-ion batteries deliver on the promises of the power, energy, cost and safety in commercially available energy storage systems?• Batteries set to become $60 billion industry by 13 – Lux prediction ’09• Is the electric car industry doomed?The dismiss of A123 and the shaky position of Tesla seem to indicate theelectric car industry is not doing well. Will the electric car industry survive forthe next 5 years? How much more taxpayers money needs to be pumped toprop up the industry? What are your thoughts? - 9 days ago• Battery pack at present $7500 is targeted/ envisaged to drop down to $1000/pack © CSIR 2009
  4. 4. National System of InnovationWho we are BASIC RESEARCH DIRECTED RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT IMPLEMENTATION [Advancement [New understanding [New technologies, [Impact on economy of knowledge] of research domains] Products or services] and society] Universities and national facilities CSIR and other science councilsIndustry/public sector The CSIR reports to the Minister of Science and Technology
  5. 5. Who we areSelected public research institutions and funding agencies Multidisciplinary research - multisector Council for Scientific and Mining and mineral Industrial processing Research Agriculture Mintek Agricultural Research Council Funding agency Public Human sciences National research Human Research institutions Sciences Foundation and funding Research agencies Council Health and medicine Geosciences Medical Council for Research Geosciences Council Water Research Commission Funding agency
  6. 6. Research Impact Areas What we do HEALTH NATURAL ENVIRONMENTEnabling technologies & facilities ICT Sensors ENERGY BUILT ENVIRONMENT Photonics Robotics Materials Modelling Research facilities DEFENCE & SECURITY INDUSTRY
  7. 7. MSM research areas Health Industry Automotive Energy Industry Aerospace ApplicationsBio-based building Industry Micro materials manufacturing Materials Technologies
  8. 8. Energy Materials• Electrochemical Energy • Clean Energy Technologies Technologies - Gasification - Advanced Batteries and - Fluidisation Supercapacitors - Combustion - Fuel Cells - Hydrogen Storage - Dye Solar Cells © CSIR 2009
  9. 9. Introducing eMobility Value Chain Battery Recycling Energy Generation Second Life Battery Charging Infrastructure ServiceApps Smart Grids Standards ConnectivityConnectivity Battery Technology Mobility Options Electric Vehicles Components Andreas Rechel, MD P3 South Africa (PTY) LTD, eMobility @ Automotive Week 2011
  10. 10. Opportunities along the value chain• Battery Recycling• Energy Generation• Smart Grids• Charging Infrastructure• Standards Connectivity• Battery Technology• Electric Vehicles• Components• Battery Second Life © CSIR 2009
  11. 11. Advanced Battery Technologies Value ChainAdvanced Battery Technologies Development Programme Value Proposition,Consortium and Stakeholder Workshop, 12 April 2012 © CSIR 2009
  12. 12. Market view – Key drives Li-ion Battery Demand for Portable Devices 60,000 Ave. annual growth rate 6% 50,000 Battery Demand (MWh/year) 40,000 30,000 20,000 10,000 0 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Year Cellular Notebook Power Tools OtherLi-ion battery demand for portable devices [based on IIT, 2009] © CSIR 2009
  13. 13. SA Opportunity – A New Industry Opportunity: • Battery materials production leveraging mineral resources and local expertise • On this platform, forward integration into cells & packs Industrialise Industrialise Pack Pilot cell battery cathode / anode development materials: development precursor and License, develop and production production industrialisationAdvanced Battery Technologies Development Programme Value Proposition, Consortium and Stakeholder Workshop, 12 April 2012 © CSIR 2010 Slide 15
  14. 14. Key points from the IBA meeting• Cape Town’s One & Only Hotel, played host to the IBA Conference 2011 (International Battery Association)• “This is the third occasion that an IBA Conference has been held in South Africa. If the success of the past two meetings is anything to go by, we can expect that the third Meeting, here in Cape Town, will be equally successful.” Zempachi Ogumi, IBA President.• A success it was, as over 100 scientists, engineers, government officials, students, IP Practitioners, legal professionals and media from Australia; Bulgaria; Canada; China; France; Germany; Japan; Korea; Russia; South Africa; Switzerland; Taiwan and the USA attended the event. www.• Workshop held with Industry players at Kruger National Park, July 2012 – How does South Africa start a lithium battery industry © CSIR 2009
  15. 15. The People• 1974 - Johan Coetzer - initiates structural studies of battery materials, AgI solid electrolytes, high-T Na/Zeolite-S cells, Na/MCl2 cells• 1975 - Michael Thackeray joins Coetzer - AgI solid electrolytes, high- temperature Li/iron oxide cells• 1978 - Roy Galloway joins CSIR team• Roger Bones (Harwell, UK), Jim Sudworth (Beta R&D, UK)• 1981 Thackeray joins Professor John Goodenough at Oxford armed with spinel samples including Fe3O4 and Mn3O4 © CSIR 2011
  16. 16. Lithium Batteries• Late 1970’s - Thackeray studies high temperature LiAl/LiCl, KCl/iron oxide cells to evaluate them against Argonne’s more corrosive LiAl/LiCl, KCl/FeSx system.• Thackeray demonstrates Li insertion into Fe3O4 and Mn3O4 at room temperature leading to a study of LiMn2O4• Thackeray, Gummow and de Kock - demonstrate Li-rich spinels Li1+xMn2-xO4 suppress solubility as well as structural distortions, thereby significantly enhancing performance• Thackeray, Ferg, Gummow and de Kock demonstrate that safe lithium-ion cells can be constructed by coupling a Li4Ti5O12 spinel anode with a Li1+xMn2-xO4 spinel cathode• The introduction of the first commercial lithium-ion batteries by Sony Corporation triggered a series of visits between 1992 and 1993 to companies in Japan, Europe and the United States to market CSIR’s patent portfolio.• CSIR’s first Li battery license executed in 1995.    Li + +   2.5 V   Li7Ti5O12 Li1+x-yMn2-xO4 Li4Ti5O12 Li1+xMn2-xO4 © CSIR 2009
  17. 17. On-going R&D strategy © CSIR 2009
  18. 18. On-going R&D strategy © CSIR 2009
  19. 19. Overview of SA battery research activities• University of Limpopo• Wits University• Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University• University of Western Cape• IDC• Sasol• Eskom © CSIR 2011
  20. 20. Research Focus• Synthesis of lithium battery electrode materials that will provide: • High Energy Storage • High Power • Improved Safety • Cost (initial cost, cycle rates, refresh times, degradation, etc)• Thin film/ smart structures batteries• Battery characterization, testing and diagnostics – Defense Peace Safety and Security (DPSS)• Battery electronics - DPSS © CSIR 2011 © CSIR 2010
  21. 21. Summary• CSIR and MSM were introduced with the relevant activities for this conference• Opportunities were identified for the South African participation along the eMobility value chain• Advanced Batteries Value Proposition was discussed with a huge opportunity for South Africa to start new industry acknowledged• R&D activities on-going in the country were contextualised to the global trends
  22. 22. Acknowledgements• Energy Materials Group• MSM © CSIR 2011
  23. 23. Thank You
  24. 24. For to him that is joined to all the living there is hope. Ecclesiastes 9:4 © CSIR 2009