Pres 06 guy kilfoil bmw leading e mobility-in_future
Mr. Guy Kilfoil, General Manager: Group Communications & PublicAffairs6 November 2012.LEADING E-MOBILITY INTO A NEW ERA.THE NEXT STEP OF EVOLUTION IN AUTOMOBILITY.
GLOBAL TRENDS DRIVING THE FUTURE OF SUSTAINABLEMOBILITY. Environment Urbanisation Politics and Regulations Climate change and the subsequent effects By 2030, over 60 % of world population CO2 - and fleet regulations, will live in cities Restrictions on imports DRIVING FACTORS Economics Culture Customer ExpectationsShortage of resources, increase in the price of fossil Sustainable mobility as part of a modern urban Changing values fuels lifestyle; assumption of social responsibility Page 2
URBANISATION.Development of urban population.Mega cities as a worldwide trend. The mega cities are increasingly the growth engines of their respective national economies. One keyIn 2007 humanity reached a significant issue is the burden that growth is placing on urbandemographic milestone: infrastructure and mobility.For the first time in history more people livedin cities than in the countryside.By 2030, over 60 % of the population will live incities. The growth rate is particularly rapid in theso-called mega cities, with more than 10 millioninhabitants. The mega cities listed by the UNalready have a total population of around 280 millioninhabitants. Source: United Nations Page 3
CUSTOMER EXPECTATIONS –CUSTOMERS PREFERENCES ARE CHANGING.Significant increase in customers awareness as a result of: - the climate change debate. - significant volatility in fuel prices during recent years. - but also: debate about and success of alternative drive trains.Sustainability is increasingly becoming the focus of attention. But: differing levels of awareness with respectto preferences, motives for action and embedding sustainability is a priority with customers. Page 4
WORLD-WIDE THE BMW GROUP WILL REDUCE CO2 FLEETEMISSIONS BY AT LEAST 25% BETWEEN 2008 AND 2020.• World-wide harmonization of different bases for CO2 standards is required to strengthen competitiveness.• Regional objectives are not directly comparable due to differences in vehicle portfolio (market demand) and test-cycles/procedures. New vehicle fleet 2008 n. a. approx. -25% -26% 2015 14.2km/l (166g/km)* 2016 -12% 250g/mi (156g/km) 154g/km 16.3km/l (146g/km) 2015 2021 -22% 5.9l/100km* (140g/km) -30% 2015 -40% 2020 -52% 120g/km Illustrations 2020 20.3km/l (117g/km) 2025 - 38 % 4.5l/100km* (107g/km) Assumptio 163g/mi (102g/km)* ns 2020 * Consideration of test-cycle change 95g/km* * Both under to JC08 2020 / * Based on review discussion * Based on review 2025 Page 5
COMPARISON OF CO2 FLEET REDUCTIONS IN EUROPE.THE BMW GROUP WILL CONTINUE TO FURTHERSUBSTANTIALLY REDUCE CO2 EMISSIONS. 240 − The BMW Group has reduced EU CO2Fleet emissions EU (g 220 BMW Group, 1995-2010: approx. - 30 % fleet emissions by 30% since 1995. 200 CO2/km) − The average BMW Group fleet emissions in 180 the EU in 2020 will be at least 50% below 160 the 1995 level. ACEA, 1995-2010: approx. - 25 140 % 120 1995 199 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 6 − The BMW Group actively supports current and future measures within the Kyoto Protocol. BMW will continue to actively contribute to ambitious CO2 reduction irrespective of the global climate discussion. − Achieving further CO2 reduction requires a stable global framework with guiding principles such as a parameter-based approach, unified measurement cycles and treatment of electric drivetrains. − Alternative drivetrains and technological convergence may lead to a global convergence of CO2 targets. However, different starting points due to varying market portfolios and environments must be considered.
BMW GROUP SUPPORTS FUEL ECONOMY OR CO2-BASEDTAXATION SYSTEMS.− 19 of EU 27 member states have implemented a CO2- based taxation scheme. However, no scheme is similar to another.− Putting a transparent price tag on the CO2 emissions or fuel economy encourages the demand on fuel efficient cars in every car segment.− CO2- taxes have a built-in positive effect on EVs economically and in terms of perception.European states take various measures of taxation: Registration tax upon purchase and registration tax Annual road Registration and annual road tax Stand: April 2011
VEHICLE TAXATION SYSTEM IN SOUTH AFRICA BASED ON CO2. - Threshold for tax exemption: 14000 120 g/km 12000 - Additional CO2 tax, based on linear ratio: “ZAR 75/g CO2 “. 10000 - Taxes to be covered by theTotal CO2 Taxation (in Rand) 8000 manufacturers at the point of import. 6000 - Effective as of 09/2010. 4000 - This is a transparent means of 2000 taxation and creates a fair playing field for technologies. 0 No CO2 taxation up to and including 120 - Clear incentive to further g/km emission -2000 reduce CO2 emissions from a 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 230 240 250 260 270 280 290 300 user perspective. CO2 Emission in (g/km) Seite 8
BMW GROUP’S EFFICIENT DYNAMICS STRATEGY.A WIDE RANGE OF TECHNOLOGIES TO REDUCE CO2EMISSIONS. TODAY TODAY NEAR FUTURE FUTURE- Optimisation of fuel - Full and mild hybrid vehicles. - First limited electric vehicle - Commitment to and consumption and emissions. production in 2008. validation of technology. - Initial step towards- Lightweight construction. electrification of the - MINI E on the road since - Optimisation of BMW H2 drivetrain. 2009. ICE. - Plug-in Hybrid drive-trains. - BMW ActiveE in 2011. - Improvement of hydrogen storage and efficiency. - Introduction BMW i3 in 2013. BMW Group‟s drive strategy provides a broad technology spectrum for today and the future. Combustion engine Hybrid technology E-vehicle Hydrogen Page 9
BMW EFFICIENT DYNAMICS OPTIMIZATIONS.STANDARD IN EVERY BMW MODEL AT NO EXTRA COSTS. 1 Series 3 Series 5 Series 6 Series 7 Series X1 X3 X5 X6 Z4 MINIHigh Precision Injection ● ● ● ●High Precision Injectionwith Twin Power Turbo ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 1.)TechnologyVALVETRONIC Technology ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 2.)Variable Twin TurboDiesel Technology ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ●3rd Generation Piezo CommonRail Diesel Technology ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ●Air Vent Control ● ● ● ● ● ● ●Brake Energy Regeneration ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ●Auto Start/Stop Function ● ● ● ● ● ●Intelligent LightweightConstruction ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ●Tyres withReduced Rolling Friction ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ●Electric Waterpump ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ●Electric Power Steering ● ● ● ● ● ● ●Optimum ShiftingPoint Indicator ● ● ● ● ● ● ●May 2011 1.) Direct Injection with Twin Scroll Turbo 2.) System comparable to VALVETRONIC
FORECAST FOR VEHICLE POPULATION.ELECTRIFIED VEHICLES WILL ACHIEVE RELEVANTMARKET SHARES. 2.000 1.800 Share in million units - world- Internal combustion engines will 1.600 continue growth until 2020-30. 1.400- The percentage of electrification will 1.200 steadily increase. 1.000- In 2020, the proportion of new 800 registrations for electrified vehicles is 600 estimated at 5 – 15%. 400 200 0 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050Source: United Nations, Global Insight, Credit Suisse, BMW calculations. ICE HEV PHEV BEV Page 11
THE MINI E AND BMW ACTIVE E SERVE AS KEY LEARNINGPROJECTFOR THE BMW i3. DEMANDS OFUSE OF E-RENEWABLE MARKET- TRANSFER USER INFRASTRUCTUR STRENGTHS ANDENERGY POTENTIAL SCENARIOS BEHAVIOUR ACCEPTANCE E WEAKNESSESMINI E 2008 BMW ActiveE 2011 BMW i3 2013 Page 12
102EX – THE PHANTOM EXPERIMENTAL ELECTRIC. Page 13
SUSTAINABILITY DEFINES THE PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE. New vehicle New materials Production concept New electric concepts and recycling of the future drivetrain Integrated approach of BMW i New Employees Pioneering design New customers processes Page 14
ELECTRIFIED POWERTRAIN.SCALABLE DRIVETRAIN ARCHITECTURE. Increasing CO2-saving potential 100% battery BEV >60 kW >20 kWh PHEV Range extender EfficientDynamics Mild HEV Full 40 – 80 kW 100% fuel Start Stop, 5 – 15 kWh recuperation 20 – 60 kW 1 – 3 kWh 100% combustion engine 100% electric motor
COMBUSTION ENGINE VERSUS ELECTRIC DRIVE. ICE Weight Space requirement BEV Fuel supply HV storage system Drive unit: Drive unit: - E-machine - motor - drive electronics - exhaust system - transmission - transmission - shafts - shafts - cooling - cooling - 12 V battery - 12 V battery ICE BEV ICE BEV - Flexible positioning of the e-drive unit due to reduced packaging space requirement and low weight. - Weight and packing space requirement of the battery require a special architecture for EVs. Page 16
LIGHT WEIGHT DESIGN AND THE LIFEDRIVE CONCEPT.The LifeDrive concept with aluminium chassis and CFRP passenger cell breaks the weight spiral for electric vehicles. Weight System- LifeDrive Concept related extra with aluminium MCV Comparable weight of the and CFRP offsets electric vehicle vehicle with electric drive the extra weight unit. of the electric combustion drive unit. engine. Page 17
THE INTEGRATION OF THE ELECTRIC DRIVETRAIN.Implementation of complete vehicle Drive: Aluminium spaceframe incl. Batteriesarchitecture with LifeDrive- Easy development of derivatives.- Weight reduction through light-weight materials.- Specific structure to accommodate for batteries.Batteries in underbody Life: Carbon fiber structure with Exterior Shell- Low point of gravity.- Area for crash protection.- Level ground of vehicle interior. Page 18
LIFEDRIVE ARCHITECTURE ALLOWS FOR FLEXIBILITY.Life-Modul with CFRP passenger compartment Life-Modul with CFRP passenger compartmentDrive Modul Body surfaces Drive Modul Body surfaces Lithium-Ion Battery Electric motor with Power Electronics Lithium-Ion Battery Fuel tank Electric motor with Power Electronics Internal combustion engine with transmissio Page 19
CFRP – A STAND-OUT MATERIAL FOR USE IN CAR BODIES.- CFRP is a composite material out of carbon fibres and a synthetic matrix.- Extremely durable and extremely light.- At least 30 % lighter than aluminium and 50 % lighter than steel for identical component use.- Outstanding suspension and high level of energy absorption in a crash.- Resistant against corrosion, acids and solvents.- Shows no fatigue over a long service life.- Allows customisation of component properties thanks to the material„s unique anisotropy. Page 20
PLANT NETWORK AND APPLICATION OF REGENERATIVEENERGY. JV Moses Lake, Washington State Carbon fiber Leipzig CFRP Fabrication MCV AssemblyThe BMW Group and the joint venture set up with the JVSGL Group are investing a total of €530 million in theproject. A total of over 1.000 jobs will be created as aresult of this investment. Wackersdorf Landshut CFRP alignment + recycling CFRP FabricationIn the plant Moses Lake 100% hydro energy is applied.Leipzig provides the necessary energy for the CFRP CFRP: carbon fibre reinforcedfabrication in the plants Leipzig, Landshut and plasticWackersdorf by wind power. Page 21
GLOBAL WARMING POTENTIAL IN THE PRODUCT LIFE CYCLESIGNIFICANTLY LOWER. CO2e 100% 66% 50% BMW 118d BMW i3 Concept* BMW i3 Concept** * EU 25 Electricity ** Electricity from renewable sources mix Seite 22
BMW i – BORN ELECTRIC.BREAK-EVEN IN PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENTAT LESS THAN 50,000 KM. BMW 118d T CO2e BMW i3 concept* * EU 25 electricity mix BMW i3 concept** ** Electricity from Production Usage Recycling renewable sources Mileage km
THE CHALLENGE OF DEFINING RESPONSIBILITY ALONG THEVALUE CHAIN.The Challenge ahead for industry and government: Shares of the overall impact on theenvironment betweenWell-To-Tank (WTT) and Tank-to-Wheel (TTW) differ massively.- Car manufacturers thereby loose control of the impact on the environment.- Customers want assurance that driving electrically is a sustainable choice. Well-To-Tank Tank-To-Wheel Gasoline (oil industry, power generation) (automobile industry) EVs 0 g/mi Need to address politically Already addressed by GhG standards EV: 0 g/mi Definition - Governments need to ensure the “net benefit” of the overall chain. - Additional demand for EVs need to be generated without fossil fuels.
RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ELECTRIC VEHICLESGO HAND-IN-HAND. – MINI E field trial confirms user affinity to employing renewable energy in conjunction with electric vehicles. – Wholistic approach of BMWi to leverage downstream potential of renewable energy to reduce lifecycle CO2 emissions. – Offering of a transparent, sustainable and trustworthy green energy option for users of electric vehicles. – Future users of electric vehicles appreciate the potential of combining renewable energy with electric vehicles. – Customers must have the option in markets with an offering. – Renewable energy offerings will differ from market to market: – Private solar facilities offering direct charging.
THE BMW i3 AND THE BMW i8. Vehicle: BMW i8 Vehicle: BMW i3 Purpose Design Purpose Design LifeDrive Lightweight Concept LifeDrive Lightweight Concept 2 + 2 Seater 4 Seater Drive-train: Small combustion engine Drive-train: Electric engine Plug-in Hybrid plus electric engine Battery: Lithium-Ion battery Battery: Lithium-Ion battery Liquid cooling Liquid cooling Page 26
INTERMODAL MOBILITY SOLUTIONS – THINKING BEYOND THECAR.Combining all modes of transport.Providing customers with maximum flexibility.Dr. Thomas Becker, BMW Group Page 27
MOBILITY SERVICES – FROM CAR SHARING TO INNOVATIVEAPPS. DriveNow MyCityWay ParkatmyHousePremium car sharing Local real time information on Marketplace for parkingindependent of hire points cities Page 28