The Role of LPG in the Motor Industry – A Pilot Study         Sponsored by       In partnership with
The Problem Statement  Tsunami – 2004 (Asia)    230,000 lives lost
The Problem StatementHurricane Katrina – 2008 (USA)       1,836 lives lost
The Problem StatementTsunami and Earthquake – 2011 (Japan)  10,000 lives lost and counting
Government’s Response in Action Supporting a ‘low carbon economy’ for Gauteng.   Supporting the search for alternative fue...
What is LPG?• Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)• Primarily a mixture of propane and butane• It is produced as a by-product dur...
LPG Vehicles Globally      >13 million vehicles globally operate on LPG           Country                      Number of  ...
Benefits of LPG in Vehicles• It is a non-toxic fuel that vaporizes when released from  pressurised conditions so it poses ...
LPG OEM Releases    In terms of global trends LPG is a tried, tested, stable                and reliable vehicle fuel source
Why target road vehicles?• 7.5 million registered vehicles in SA• 3.3 million vehicles in Gauteng• Gauteng is home to 44% ...
Why the taxi industry?•   32,000 minibus taxis in GP•   Largest carbon footprint from this segment•   Mileage covered – ap...
Project Methodology                          • What, Why, When, Where, How ?        Scoping and       • Research and data ...
The Conversion KitKits of the highest quality with the latest technology was selected for this project.Supplier : Voltran,...
Getting the taxis …• With the guidance, assistance and support from  SANTACO ....
Some convincing required...
The convincing argument ..• Beneficiary of a 100% government funded LPG  conversion kit – R 20,000 with 1 yr warranty• Rei...
The LPG Conversions• Toyota Quantum 2.7L VVTi models only• Taxi owners completed an application form• Shortlisted vehicles...
Emissions Testing at SABS
Emission Test Results                        Overall reduction by 30% in                        CO levels when using LPG  ...
Fuel Efficiency and PerformanceTesting at Gerotek
Test Results – Unladen Acceleration
Test Results – Laden Acceleration
Fuel Efficiency – Unladen
Fuel Efficiency – Laden
Fuel Efficiency – Unladen City Cycle
Fuel Efficiency – Laden City Cycle
Savings to the Taxi Owner/Driver                                                        Petrol         LPG (auto gas)Unit ...
Taxi Routes Impacted  Completed                                                      In progress :   54 Minibus           ...
Refuelling Infrastructure  LeveragedNewly Operational                               Hammanskraal                          ...
The Refilling Station
Skills Development• Clearly a significant lack of skills in this sector• AIDC facilitated the training of 40 artisans by L...
Training by LPGSASA
Successfully Passed Artisans
Pilot Project Media Presentation• Venue : Gerotek, Pta• Date : 8 April 2011• 160 invited delegates from:   – Industry   – ...
Pilot Project Media Presentation
Pilot Project Media Presentation      SANTACO’s Secretary General : Mr Philip Taaibosch      “The taxi industry is aware o...
Pilot Project Media Presentation
Pilot Project Media Presentation
Pilot Project Media Presentation
Pilot Project Media Presentation
Pilot Project Media Presentation
Making Headlines..
Making Headlines..
Project Summary• 235 minibus taxis will be converted by Dec 2011 to  operate dually on LPG and petrol in Gauteng• Lower em...
LPG Vehicles Globally           Country                 Number of       Number of                                    Vehic...
The Way Forward• Continue the promotion of alternative fuel sources• Encourage LPG use amongst the taxi industry – word of...
Thank you
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

AIDC Dineshan Moodley Evaluating the Role of LPG in Developing a Green South African Motor Industry

1,602 views

Published on

Use of LP Gas is likely to grow at 30% per annum in South Africa and with current supply under strain during peak times and with unplanned refinery shutdowns this fuel source could become problematic. This event will help manufacturers and users of LPG to understand what challenges they will be facing in the medium term to enable informed decisions to ensure a continued supply of LPG.

Published in: Business, Automotive
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,602
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
15
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
37
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

AIDC Dineshan Moodley Evaluating the Role of LPG in Developing a Green South African Motor Industry

  1. 1. The Role of LPG in the Motor Industry – A Pilot Study Sponsored by In partnership with
  2. 2. The Problem Statement Tsunami – 2004 (Asia) 230,000 lives lost
  3. 3. The Problem StatementHurricane Katrina – 2008 (USA) 1,836 lives lost
  4. 4. The Problem StatementTsunami and Earthquake – 2011 (Japan) 10,000 lives lost and counting
  5. 5. Government’s Response in Action Supporting a ‘low carbon economy’ for Gauteng. Supporting the search for alternative fuels.
  6. 6. What is LPG?• Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)• Primarily a mixture of propane and butane• It is produced as a by-product during the extraction and refining stages of crude oil• Under pressure LPG is a liquid. At normal temperature and pressure it will evaporate• Used in ignition engines since the 1940’s
  7. 7. LPG Vehicles Globally >13 million vehicles globally operate on LPG Country Number of Number of Vehicles dispensing sites South Korea 2,187,066 1,533 Poland 2,050,000 6,700 Turkey 2,000,000 6,853 Italy 1,002,118 2,350 Australia 620,000 3,200 Russia 600,000 2,000 Mexico 550,000 2,500 India 500,000 550 Japan 292,300 1,900 Netherlands 270,000 1,900 South Africa Approx 160* 3* *statistics prior to this project
  8. 8. Benefits of LPG in Vehicles• It is a non-toxic fuel that vaporizes when released from pressurised conditions so it poses no risk to water or soil resources• LPG is lighter than air and will dissipate upwards, whereas petrol and diesel will sink and puddle (no contamination to underground water sources)• Due to less carbon buildup, spark plugs last longer and oil changes are needed less frequently• Less corrosion and engine wear when compared to petrol• Lower harmful gas emissions
  9. 9. LPG OEM Releases In terms of global trends LPG is a tried, tested, stable and reliable vehicle fuel source
  10. 10. Why target road vehicles?• 7.5 million registered vehicles in SA• 3.3 million vehicles in Gauteng• Gauteng is home to 44% of the national vehicle population• Gauteng is 1.4% of SA’s land area
  11. 11. Why the taxi industry?• 32,000 minibus taxis in GP• Largest carbon footprint from this segment• Mileage covered – approx. 100,000 km/year• Most frequent road users – constant movement
  12. 12. Project Methodology • What, Why, When, Where, How ? Scoping and • Research and data gathering planning • SANTACO and Associations • SANERI • SASOL Strategic Partner Engagement • Procurement/tendering process • Highest quality kits procured • Installer selected Procurement of Kits • Emissions testing at SABS East London • Performance testing at Gerotek Testing of Prototype • Applications and selection of minibus taxis • Pre-inspection • Installation and branding Conversion of • Performance and driver satisfaction 70 Taxis monitoring • 1 yr service plan/warranty included with the kit Aftercare
  13. 13. The Conversion KitKits of the highest quality with the latest technology was selected for this project.Supplier : Voltran, Germany and DT Gas, Poland
  14. 14. Getting the taxis …• With the guidance, assistance and support from SANTACO ....
  15. 15. Some convincing required...
  16. 16. The convincing argument ..• Beneficiary of a 100% government funded LPG conversion kit – R 20,000 with 1 yr warranty• Reimbursement of lost profit for the duration of conversion• Cleaner fuel means lower maintenance and servicing costs• Possibly a longer lasting engine• Increased range of the taxi with the additional LPG tank• Lower costs of LPG compared to petrol should be more cost efficient over the long term• Filled tank of LPG on conversion
  17. 17. The LPG Conversions• Toyota Quantum 2.7L VVTi models only• Taxi owners completed an application form• Shortlisted vehicles were pre-inspected by the accredited installer• If successful, vehicle would be converted within 24 hours• Vehicle would be tested, cleaned and filled with LPG• Training material provided in consultation with the owner on LPG safety and kit care – changing the mindset• Briefing on the warranty and aftercare support• Briefing on the location of refuelling stations
  18. 18. Emissions Testing at SABS
  19. 19. Emission Test Results Overall reduction by 30% in CO levels when using LPG Overall reduction by 11% in CO2 levels when using LPG
  20. 20. Fuel Efficiency and PerformanceTesting at Gerotek
  21. 21. Test Results – Unladen Acceleration
  22. 22. Test Results – Laden Acceleration
  23. 23. Fuel Efficiency – Unladen
  24. 24. Fuel Efficiency – Laden
  25. 25. Fuel Efficiency – Unladen City Cycle
  26. 26. Fuel Efficiency – Laden City Cycle
  27. 27. Savings to the Taxi Owner/Driver Petrol LPG (auto gas)Unit Price (per litre) R 10.77 R 7.85*Efficiency (l/100kms) 14.92** 17.63**Efficiency (l/km) 0.15 0.18Annual Mileage (kms) 100,000 100,000Total annual fuel costs R 161,550 R 141,300Saving to taxi driver R 20,250 per year (12.5% saving) Note: savings exclude the possible maintenance cost saving *Sasol’s recommended retail price as at Nov 2011 **Based on City Cycle Laden efficiency
  28. 28. Taxi Routes Impacted Completed In progress : 54 Minibus 40 Minibus Taxis Taxis Hammanskraal/ Soshanguve/ Pta CBD Pta CBDIn progress: Mamelodi/ 15 Minibus Pta CBD In progress Pretoria Taxis CBD 40 MinibusIn progress: 235 Greener vehicles Taxis 40 Minibus in Gauteng Taxis In progress : Total Tembisa/ JHB CBD 15 Minibus 70 Randburg/ TaxisMinibus Taxis JHB CBDConverted in 2010/11 FYIn progress : Completed 15 Minibus 16 Minibus Taxis Taxis
  29. 29. Refuelling Infrastructure LeveragedNewly Operational Hammanskraal In progressKruisfontein Soshanguve Lavender road Mamelodi PretoriaIn progress In progressCnr Potgieter Mahubeand Visagie St Tembisa/ Spartan Maxi City Shopping Randburg Centre In progress Malanshof Existing Spartan
  30. 30. The Refilling Station
  31. 31. Skills Development• Clearly a significant lack of skills in this sector• AIDC facilitated the training of 40 artisans by LPGSASA (1 week theory and practical)• Resulted in the 1st South African black female artisan to qualify
  32. 32. Training by LPGSASA
  33. 33. Successfully Passed Artisans
  34. 34. Pilot Project Media Presentation• Venue : Gerotek, Pta• Date : 8 April 2011• 160 invited delegates from: – Industry – Government – Media• Agenda – Presentations – Press conference – LPG Taxis available to drive around the test track
  35. 35. Pilot Project Media Presentation
  36. 36. Pilot Project Media Presentation SANTACO’s Secretary General : Mr Philip Taaibosch “The taxi industry is aware of the environmental impact of its business.. and welcome the assisting support from Government”
  37. 37. Pilot Project Media Presentation
  38. 38. Pilot Project Media Presentation
  39. 39. Pilot Project Media Presentation
  40. 40. Pilot Project Media Presentation
  41. 41. Pilot Project Media Presentation
  42. 42. Making Headlines..
  43. 43. Making Headlines..
  44. 44. Project Summary• 235 minibus taxis will be converted by Dec 2011 to operate dually on LPG and petrol in Gauteng• Lower emissions into Gauteng’s atmosphere• Cleaner, safer and cheaper fuel can be used• Leveraged refuelling infrastructure development from Sasol – 5 new filling stations• Implementation of a skills development programme• Strong support and endorsement from SANTACO and Government (National and Provincial)• Globally tried and tested concept for decades
  45. 45. LPG Vehicles Globally Country Number of Number of Vehicles dispensing sites South Korea 2,187,066 1,533 Poland 2,050,000 6,700 Turkey 2,000,000 6,853 Italy 1,002,118 2,350 Australia 620,000 3,200 Russia 600,000 2,000 Mexico 550,000 2,500 India 500,000 550 Japan 292,300 1,900 Netherlands 270,000 1,900 South Africa Approx 160* 3* South Africa Approx 395** 9** *statistics prior to this project ** statistics post this project phase
  46. 46. The Way Forward• Continue the promotion of alternative fuel sources• Encourage LPG use amongst the taxi industry – word of mouth• Gauteng Government is considering the method in which this project continues• Build on opportunities for creating a new sector: – LPG conversions – Kit servicing – Parts and accessories – Potential for local assembly of LPG kits (critical mass) – Socio economic value for Gauteng
  47. 47. Thank you

×