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Acronyms and terminology of the Web that beginning Web designers should know.

Acronyms and terminology of the Web that beginning Web designers should know.

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  • 1. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 WWWs! & HTTPs! & URLs! Oh, my! Bruce Clary, McPherson College, McPherson, Kansas
  • 2. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Internet
  • 3. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Internet • International network of computers used to share data.
  • 4. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Internet • International network of computers used to share data. • Includes e-mail, bulletin boards, IM, newsgroups, databases, newsgroups, streaming audio and video–almost all of which is delivered, of course, through the WWW.
  • 5. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 World Wide Web
  • 6. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 World Wide Web • The graphical interface that uses the Internet to share information.
  • 7. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 World Wide Web • The graphical interface that uses the Internet to share information. • The WWW cannot exist without the Internet. The Internet can and does exist without the Web.
  • 8. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Protocols
  • 9. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Protocols Sets of rules that allow data to be shared via the Internet
  • 10. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 HTTP HyperText Transfer Protocol
  • 11. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 HTTP HyperText Transfer Protocol The rules that move Web pages across the Internet and that link pages together
  • 12. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 FTP File Transfer Protocol
  • 13. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 FTP File Transfer Protocol The rules that move digital files across the Internet
  • 14. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 IP Internet Protocol
  • 15. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 IP Internet Protocol IP addresses are unique numbers that identify specific computers connected to the Internet.
  • 16. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 DNS Domain Name System
  • 17. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 DNS Domain Name System Connecting to computers and Web sites through the Internet would be far more laborious and error- prone if it had to be done with IP addresses—e.g., 10.0.1.197).
  • 18. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 DNS Domain Name System Connecting to computers and Web sites through the Internet would be far more laborious and error- prone if it had to be done with IP addresses—e.g., 10.0.1.197). The DNS is what translates domain names (www.mcpherson.edu) meaningful to humans into an IP.
  • 19. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 URL Uniform Resource Locator
  • 20. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 URL Uniform Resource Locator • The rules that identify specific files available on the Internet
  • 21. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 URL Uniform Resource Locator • The rules that identify specific files available on the Internet • The address beginning with the transfer protocol HTTP:// in a browser address bar
  • 22. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 URL Uniform Resource Locator • The rules that identify specific files available on the Internet • The address beginning with the transfer protocol HTTP:// in a browser address bar • See pg. 22 in Robbins for parts of a URL address
  • 23. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Other Web acronyms
  • 24. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Other Web acronyms • DHTML: Dynamic HTML
  • 25. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Other Web acronyms • DHTML: Dynamic HTML • PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor
  • 26. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Other Web acronyms • DHTML: Dynamic HTML • PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor • MySQL: Structured Query Language The preceding “My” indicates that MySQL is Open Source and free for anyone to use
  • 27. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Other Web acronyms • DHTML: Dynamic HTML • PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor • MySQL: Structured Query Language The preceding “My” indicates that MySQL is Open Source and free for anyone to use • CMS: Content Management System
  • 28. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Other essential Web terms
  • 29. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Other essential Web terms • JavaScript: A client-side scripting language (which means end-users can turn it off, disabling any parts of your Web page dependent upon scripting
  • 30. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Other essential Web terms • JavaScript: A client-side scripting language (which means end-users can turn it off, disabling any parts of your Web page dependent upon scripting • jQuery: A JavaScript library that can be called with just a few lines of code in your XHTML pages
  • 31. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Other essential Web terms • JavaScript: A client-side scripting language (which means end-users can turn it off, disabling any parts of your Web page dependent upon scripting • jQuery: A JavaScript library that can be called with just a few lines of code in your XHTML pages • AJAX: Asynchronous JavaScript and XML