Puritan Essentials
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Puritan Essentials

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Puritan Essentials Puritan Essentials Presentation Transcript

  • EN250 AMERICAN LITERATURE IPuritans in New EnglandBradford and the Separatists,Winthrop and the CongregationalistsBruce Clary, Instructor
  • EN250 AMERICAN LITERATURE I
  • EN250 AMERICAN LITERATURE I PLYMOUTH MASSACHUSETTS BAY Mayflower arrives 1620 Arbella arrives 1630 Leader: William Bradford Leader: John Winthrop Settlers: Separatists, Settlers: Non-separating Pilgrims Puritans, Congregationalists Mayflower Compact Arbella Covenant allowed some freedoms established theocracy
  • EN250 AMERICAN LITERATURE IBasic Puritan Theology• Total Depravity (Original Sin)• Unconditional Election (Undeserved grace)• Limited Atonement (Few are chosen)• Irresistible Grace (Christ cannot lose)• Perseverance of the Saints (Backsliders, relax!)
  • EN250 AMERICAN LITERATURE IA Modell of Christian CharitieThe Essential Arguments of Winthrop’s SermonBruce Clary, Instructor
  • EN250 AMERICAN LITERATURE IGod created everyone unequal because…• REAS: First A complex, diverse creation displays God’s power to create order out of chaos• REAS: Secondly It creates many ways for God to demonstrate his power• REAS: Thirdly It creates an interdependence one upon another that generates love
  • EN250 AMERICAN LITERATURE IChristian love is the “bond of perfection”• Christian love derives from God; none but the regenerate have it• Everyone loves themselves (natural law) but the saints will love their neighbors, their enemies, and especially their brothers and sisters in Christ• This means doing works of mercy and justice, even “beyond our ability, rather then tempt God, in putting him upon help by miraculous or extraordinary meanes”
  • EN250 AMERICAN LITERATURE I“Bond of perfection” (conclusions) • All true Christians are one in Christ’s body • Love is the ligaments that bind the body together • Each body part is interconnected and interdependent one upon the other • Each body part desires and strives to preserve and strengthen the others
  • EN250 AMERICAN LITERATURE IChristian charity is of utmost relevancebecause…• They must receive each other as brothers and sisters in Christ• They must put personal interests aside to achieve their sacred, public aims• God punishes his Chosen People more harshly for their failings• If they keep their covenant, they shall be “as a Citty upon a hill”