Preparing the "Why I..." SpeechPresentation Transcript
EN111 COLLEGE RHETORIC IIThe “Why I…” SpeechPreparing for and Practicingthe Informative Speech Developed with Reasons Bruce Clary, McPherson College, McPherson, Kansas
The Assignment • 4-5 minute informative speech • “Why I [Love]…” / “Why I [Hate]…” • Two-four reasons, developed with supporting examples or anecdotes
What makes a good speech?
Qualities of a Good Speech • Introduction • Hooks your attention • Sets the tone for speech • Creates a bond of goodwill • Leads into the content of speech
Qualities of a Good Speech • Content • Is interesting. Respects audience’s intelligence by not telling them what is obvious or commonplace. • Is developed with speciﬁc details • Is clearly structured • Is signposted
Qualities of a Good Speech • Conclusion • Wraps up the speech in a way that reminds audience of what you have said • Hits home in such a way that audience will remember what you have said
What qualities do you mostappreciate in a speaker’s delivery?
Qualities of Good Delivery • The voice is easy to hear and listen to. • Volume is easily heard everywhere in room. • Rate is moderate. It neither races nor drags. • Variations in volume and rate are used for emphasis.
Qualities of Good Delivery • The delivery has conversational qualities • The delivery conveys enthusiasm for its subject matter and an interest in communicating. • Eye contact conveys the speaker’s interest in connecting, communicating. • The delivery doesn’t sound canned or memorized (even if it is).
Qualities of Good Delivery • The body adds to communication rather than detracting. • Face is animated. Posture says speaker has something interesting or important to say. • Gestures emphasize ideas and structural transitions. • Movements convey interest in connecting with audience and structural transitions.
Preparing the Speech • Reduce a complete-sentence outline to a keyword/key-idea outline. Why? • Communicate ideas, not words! • Keywords/key-ideas on 3” x 5” cards. Why? • Hands need to be free to gesture, aid communication. • Speaker needs to be free of the temptation to read.
Preparing the Speech • Know your main idea. Write it out in a single sentence. • Develop a complete speech outline with key points expressed in complete sentences. • Why? • An outline allows you to test the logic and structure of your speech. • Communicate ideas, not words!
Practicing the Speech • Read through sentence outline several times to get ideas in mind. Then put away. • Stand up and face your imaginary audience. • Give speech from keywords on notecards. • Time the speech. • Repeat--but don’t memorize.
Practicing Delivery • Develop a conversational quality. • Project enthusiasm--a desire to communicate. • Make eye contact. Why? • Helps audience concentrate. • Increases audience’s conﬁdence in you. • Gives you insight into audience’s reactions • Sound spontaneous even if you’re not.