Preparing the "Why I..." Speech

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Preparing the "Why I..." Speech

  1. 1. EN111 COLLEGE RHETORIC IIThe “Why I…” SpeechPreparing for and Practicingthe Informative Speech Developed with Reasons Bruce Clary, McPherson College, McPherson, Kansas
  2. 2. The Assignment • 4-5 minute informative speech • “Why I [Love]…” / “Why I [Hate]…” • Two-four reasons, developed with supporting examples or anecdotes
  3. 3. What makes a good speech?
  4. 4. Qualities of a Good Speech • Introduction • Hooks your attention • Sets the tone for speech • Creates a bond of goodwill • Leads into the content of speech
  5. 5. Qualities of a Good Speech • Content • Is interesting. Respects audience’s intelligence by not telling them what is obvious or commonplace. • Is developed with specific details • Is clearly structured • Is signposted
  6. 6. Qualities of a Good Speech • Conclusion • Wraps up the speech in a way that reminds audience of what you have said • Hits home in such a way that audience will remember what you have said
  7. 7. What qualities do you mostappreciate in a speaker’s delivery?
  8. 8. Qualities of Good Delivery • The voice is easy to hear and listen to. • Volume is easily heard everywhere in room. • Rate is moderate. It neither races nor drags. • Variations in volume and rate are used for emphasis.
  9. 9. Qualities of Good Delivery • The delivery has conversational qualities • The delivery conveys enthusiasm for its subject matter and an interest in communicating. • Eye contact conveys the speaker’s interest in connecting, communicating. • The delivery doesn’t sound canned or memorized (even if it is).
  10. 10. Qualities of Good Delivery • The body adds to communication rather than detracting. • Face is animated. Posture says speaker has something interesting or important to say. • Gestures emphasize ideas and structural transitions. • Movements convey interest in connecting with audience and structural transitions.
  11. 11. Preparing the Speech • Reduce a complete-sentence outline to a keyword/key-idea outline. Why? • Communicate ideas, not words! • Keywords/key-ideas on 3” x 5” cards. Why? • Hands need to be free to gesture, aid communication. • Speaker needs to be free of the temptation to read.
  12. 12. Preparing the Speech • Know your main idea. Write it out in a single sentence. • Develop a complete speech outline with key points expressed in complete sentences. • Why? • An outline allows you to test the logic and structure of your speech. • Communicate ideas, not words!
  13. 13. Practicing the Speech • Read through sentence outline several times to get ideas in mind. Then put away. • Stand up and face your imaginary audience. • Give speech from keywords on notecards. • Time the speech. • Repeat--but don’t memorize.
  14. 14. Practicing Delivery • Develop a conversational quality. • Project enthusiasm--a desire to communicate. • Make eye contact. Why? • Helps audience concentrate. • Increases audience’s confidence in you. • Gives you insight into audience’s reactions • Sound spontaneous even if you’re not.

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