Preparing the Persuasive Speech


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Lecture for introductory rhetoric class introducing preparation steps for a formal persuasive speech.

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Preparing the Persuasive Speech

  1. 1. Preparing the Persuasive SpeechRHETORIC II Bruce ClarySpring 2012 Instructor
  2. 2. The Assignment • Five-six minute persuasive speech • The speech should be based upon the same arguments and content as our persuasive essay, but… • You may not have the paper with you when you deliver the speech • You are allowed two notecards for a key word outline, plus additional notecards for each direct quotation or paraphrased informationRHETORIC II Bruce ClarySpring 2012 Instructor
  3. 3. What makes a good speech?RHETORIC II Bruce ClarySpring 2012 Instructor
  4. 4. Content and Structure • Intro generates interest, grabs attention, and make central claim of speech absolutely clear • Body is clearly organized and “signposted” • Content is detailed enough to be informative and interesting • Conclusion reminds audience of your thesis and principal arguments and hits home in such a way that audience will remember what you have saidRHETORIC II Bruce ClarySpring 2012 Instructor
  5. 5. Qualities of Good DeliveryThe voice is easy to hear and listen to.•Volume is easy to hear everywhere in room•Rate is moderate. It neither drags nor races.•Variations in rate and volume are used for emphasis.RHETORIC II Bruce ClarySpring 2012 Instructor
  6. 6. Qualities of Good DeliveryThe delivery has conversational qualities.•Delivery conveys enthusiasm for subject and a genuinein communicating with audience.•Eye contact conveys speaker’s interest in connecting,communicating.•Delivery doesn’t sound canned or memorized (even ifit is).RHETORIC II Bruce ClarySpring 2012 Instructor
  7. 7. Qualities of Good DeliveryThe body adds to communication rather thandetracting.•Face is animated. Posture says speaker has somethinginteresting or important to say.•Gestures emphasize ideas and structural transitions.•Movements add to, rather than distract from, the oralmessage.RHETORIC II Bruce ClarySpring 2012 Instructor
  8. 8. Preparing the SpeechReduce the critical essay to a keyword/key ideaoutline on one or two 3” x 5” notecards. Why?•Notecards prevent you from reading, which can be thedeadliest kind of delivery.•Hands need to be free to gesture, aid com-munication.•Communicate ideas, not words.RHETORIC II Bruce ClarySpring 2012 Instructor
  9. 9. Practicing the Speech • Talk your way through your essay several times to get your main ideas in mind. Then put essay away! • Stand up; face imaginary audience or mirror. • Give speech from keyword outline on cards. • Time the speech. • Repeat and repeat again--but don’t memorize.RHETORIC II Bruce ClarySpring 2012 Instructor
  10. 10. Practicing Delivery • Develop conversational quality. • Practice projecting enthusiasm--a desire to communicate. • Practice making eye contact.RHETORIC II Bruce ClarySpring 2012 Instructor
  11. 11. Citing Sources in SpeechesWe cite sources in speeches for the samereasons we do in papers.•Enhances our credibility•Adds authority to your content and arguments•Integrity. Acknowledges the origin of your ideasand/or information in a responsible, honest way.RHETORIC II Bruce ClarySpring 2012 Instructor
  12. 12. Citing Sources in SpeechesUnlike papers, speeches need not (should not)provide full bibliographical information.•Some appropriate source citations styles follow:RHETORIC II Bruce ClarySpring 2012 Instructor
  13. 13. ❝According to a recent article in Wired magazine…❞ ❝As reported on the Internet by, a study conducted by an Iowa State University professor of psychology discovered that…❞ ❝According to James Paul Gee, author of the 2007 book Good Video Games and Good Learning, video games…❞ ❝A scientific article published in a 2010 issue of Pediatrics found that… ❞RHETORIC II Bruce ClarySpring 2012 Instructor
  14. 14. Keep your eyes on the prize Moving from frightened uncertainty to confident poise in front of an audience.RHETORIC II Bruce ClarySpring 2012 Instructor