The Road to Gettysburg Dr. Bruce Clary Thursday, January 20, 2013
April 15 Following the firing upon Fort Sumter,President Lincoln issues a call for 75,000militiamen to put down the rebellion
July 21 1st Battle of Bull Run (1st Manassas)• Thomas Jackson earns his nickname, “Stonewall”• 3,000 Union casualties; 2,000 Confederate casualties• After the defeat, Lincoln issues an order for another 500,000 recruits
February 6-8 The Union and Gen.Ulysses S. Grant claim their first significantvictories at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson in western Tennessee
April 6-7 Battle of Shiloh(Southwest Tennessee) • Union surprised on Day 1 • Strenuous efforts by Grant and Sherman push Confederates back on Day 2 • 13,000 Union casualties; 10,700 Confederate casualties
April 24 New Orleans taken This political, commercial, and strategic prize was taken without a battle in the city, meaning its rich cultural heritage survived intact.June 25-July 1 Seven Days Battle Lee drives back a Union invasion at high cost: 16,000 Union casualties; 20,000 Confederate casualtiesAugust 29-30 2nd Battle of Bull Run Union decisively beaten when Longstreet’s Corp finally pushes through Thoroughfare Gap (held for 6 hours by the cavalry commanded by John Buford) to reinforce Stonewall Jackson. 10,000 Union casualties; 8,300 Confederate casualties.
September 17 Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg, Maryland) • Union repels Lee’s invasion of the North • The bloodiest single day in the war with 23,000 casualties, 12,400 Union and 10,400 ConfederateMissouri Compromise of 1820
September 17 Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg, Maryland) • The church in the background of this famous photograph is a Dunker Church. Members of the Church of the Brethren, with which McPherson College is affiliated, were known as Dunkers.Missouri Compromise of 1820
December 11-15 Battle of Fredericksburg(Fredericksburg, Virginia) • One of the war’s most one-sided battles • Under pressure from Washington, the new commander of the Army of the Potomac, Ambrose Burnside, orders senseless, repeated charges up well-defended Marye’s Heights • 12,700 Union casualties; 5,400 Confederate
Manifest Destiny January 1The final Emancipation Proclamation frees the slaves in seceded states. Theproclamation served as official acknowledgement that the war was not justabout preserving the Union; it was a war to end slavery in the U.S.
May 1-4 Manifest Destiny Battle of Chancellorsville(Chancellorsville, Virginia) • Outnumbered 134,000 men to 61,000, R. E. Lee had his greatest victory here • Gen. Jackson is accidentally shot by his own men. He dies of complications of his wounds on May 10. • 14,000 Federal casualties; 10,000 Confederate
Mexican-American War 1846-48 June 3 Lee begins marching his army northward toward Pennsylvania