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Journey to Gettysburg

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A brief overview of major events on the battlefield, leading up to The Battle of Gettysburg.

A brief overview of major events on the battlefield, leading up to The Battle of Gettysburg.

Published in: Education

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  • 1. Journey toward Gettysburg Dr. Bruce Clary Monday, January 10, 2011
  • 2. April 12
  • 3. April 15 Following the firing upon Fort Sumter, President Lincoln issues a call for 75,000 militiamen to put down the rebellion
  • 4. July 21 1st Battle of Bull Run (1st Manassas)
  • 5. July 21 1st Battle of Bull Run (1st Manassas) • 3,000 Union casualties; 2,000 Confederate casualties
  • 6. July 21 1st Battle of Bull Run (1st Manassas) • 3,000 Union casualties; 2,000 Confederate casualties • Thomas Jackson earns his nickname, Stonewall
  • 7. July 21 1st Battle of Bull Run (1st Manassas) • 3,000 Union casualties; 2,000 Confederate casualties • Thomas Jackson earns his nickname, Stonewall • After the defeat, Lincoln issues an order for another 500,000 recruits
  • 8. 1862
  • 9. February 6-8 The Union and Gen. Ulysses S. Grant claim their first significant victories at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson in western Tennessee
  • 10. April 6-7 Battle of Shiloh (Southwest Tennessee)
  • 11. April 6-7 Battle of Shiloh (Southwest Tennessee) • 13,000 Union casualties; 10,700 Confederate casualties
  • 12. April 6-7 Battle of Shiloh (Southwest Tennessee) • 13,000 Union casualties; 10,700 Confederate casualties • Union surprised on Day 1
  • 13. April 6-7 Battle of Shiloh (Southwest Tennessee) • 13,000 Union casualties; 10,700 Confederate casualties • Union surprised on Day 1 • Courageous efforts by Grant and Sherman push Confederates back on Day 2
  • 14. April 24 New Orleans taken This political, commercial, and strategic prize was taken without a battle in the city, meaning its rich cultural heritage survived intact. June 25-July 1 Seven Days Battle Lee drives back a Union invasion at high cost: 16,000 Union casualties; 20,000 Confederate casualties August 29-30 2nd Battle of Bull Run Union decisively beaten when Longstreet’s Corp finally pushes through Thoroughfare Gap (held for 6 hours by the cavalry commanded by John Buford) to reinforce Stonewall Jackson. 10,000 Union casualties; 8,300 Confederate casualties.
  • 15. April 24 New Orleans taken This political, commercial, and strategic prize was taken without a battle in the city, meaning its rich cultural heritage survived intact. June 25-July 1 Seven Days Battle Lee drives back a Union invasion at high cost: 16,000 Union casualties; 20,000 Confederate casualties August 29-30 2nd Battle of Bull Run Union decisively beaten when Longstreet’s Corp finally pushes through Thoroughfare Gap (held for 6 hours by the cavalry commanded by John Buford) to reinforce Stonewall Jackson. 10,000 Union casualties; 8,300 Confederate casualties.
  • 16. April 24 New Orleans taken This political, commercial, and strategic prize was taken without a battle in the city, meaning its rich cultural heritage survived intact. June 25-July 1 Seven Days Battle Lee drives back a Union invasion at high cost: 16,000 Union casualties; 20,000 Confederate casualties August 29-30 2nd Battle of Bull Run Union decisively beaten when Longstreet’s Corp finally pushes through Thoroughfare Gap (held for 6 hours by the cavalry commanded by John Buford) to reinforce Stonewall Jackson. 10,000 Union casualties; 8,300 Confederate casualties.
  • 17. September 17 Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg, Maryland) Missouri Compromise of 1820
  • 18. September 17 Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg, Maryland) • Union repels Lee’s invasion of the North Missouri Compromise of 1820
  • 19. September 17 Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg, Maryland) • Union repels Lee’s invasion of the North • The bloodiest single day in the war with 23,000 casualties, 12,400 Union and 10,400 Confederate Missouri Compromise of 1820
  • 20. September 17 Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg, Maryland) • The church in the background of this famous photograph is a Dunker Church. Members of the Church of the Brethren, with which McPherson College is associated, were known as Dunkers. Missouri Compromise of 1820
  • 21. December 11-15 Battle of Fredericksburg (Fredericksburg, Virginia)
  • 22. December 11-15 Battle of Fredericksburg (Fredericksburg, Virginia) • One of the war’s most one-sided battles
  • 23. December 11-15 Battle of Fredericksburg (Fredericksburg, Virginia) • One of the war’s most one-sided battles • Under pressure from Washington, the new commander of the Army of the Potomac, Ambrose Burnside, orders senseless, repeated charges up well-defended Marye’s Heights
  • 24. December 11-15 Battle of Fredericksburg (Fredericksburg, Virginia) • One of the war’s most one-sided battles • Under pressure from Washington, the new commander of the Army of the Potomac, Ambrose Burnside, orders senseless, repeated charges up well-defended Marye’s Heights • 12,700 Union casualties; 5,400 Confederate
  • 25. 1863
  • 26. Manifest Destiny January 1 The final Emancipation Proclamation frees the slaves in seceded states. The proclamation served as official acknowledgement that the war was not just about preserving the Union; it was a war to end slavery in the U.S.
  • 27. May 1-4 Manifest Destiny Battle of Chancellorsville (Chancellorsville, Virginia)
  • 28. May 1-4 Manifest Destiny Battle of Chancellorsville (Chancellorsville, Virginia) • Outnumbered 134,000 men to 61,000, R. E. Lee had his greatest victory here
  • 29. May 1-4 Manifest Destiny Battle of Chancellorsville (Chancellorsville, Virginia) • Outnumbered 134,000 men to 61,000, R. E. Lee had his greatest victory here • Gen. Jackson is accidentally shot by his own men. He dies of complications of his wounds on May 10.
  • 30. Mexican-American War 1846-48 June 3 Lee begins marching his army northward toward Pennsylvania