cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
The Purpose of Journalism
And Why Its Future Is at Risk
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
What is journalism for?
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
What is journalism for?
“The primary purpose of journalism i...
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
What is government for?
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
What is government for?
“The primary purpose of government i...
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
“Two constitutional principles have
clashed: the government’...
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Journalism is so fundamental
to the concept of creating
comm...
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
…a free press was among the first rights the
Founding Father...
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Congress shall make no law respecting an
establishment of re...
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Journalism is so fundamental
to the concept of creating
comm...
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
…societies that want to suppress freedom
must first suppress...
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Threats to Journalism Today
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Threats to Journalism Today
•Internet
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Threats to Journalism Today
•Internet
•Shifts in reader/cons...
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Threats to Journalism Today
•Internet
•Shifts in reader/cons...
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Threats to Journalism Today
•Internet
•Shifts in reader/cons...
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Threats to Journalism Today
•Internet
•Shifts in reader/cons...
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Threats to Journalism Today
•Internet
•Shifts in reader/cons...
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Threats from the Internet
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Threats from the Internet
•Blogs
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Threats from the Internet
•Blogs
•Citizen journalism
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Threats from the Internet
•Blogs
•Citizen journalism
•Moveme...
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Threats from the Internet
•Blogs
•Citizen journalism
•Moveme...
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Self-destructive Behaviors and Attitudes
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Self-destructive Behaviors and Attitudes
•Plagiarism, betray...
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Self-destructive Behaviors and Attitudes
•Plagiarism, betray...
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Self-destructive Behaviors and Attitudes
•Plagiarism, betray...
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Journalistic Arrogance and the Theory of Democracy
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Journalistic Arrogance and the Theory of Democracy
Walter Li...
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Journalistic Arrogance and the Theory of Democracy
Walter Li...
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Journalistic Arrogance and the Theory of Democracy
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Journalistic Arrogance and the Theory of Democracy
•Lippmann...
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Journalistic Arrogance and the Theory of Democracy
•Lippmann...
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
Journalistic Arrogance and the Theory of Democracy
•Lippmann...
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
The Theory of the Interlocking Public
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
The Theory of the Interlocking Public
Involved
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
The Theory of the Interlocking Public
Involved Interested
cm 135 an introduction to journalisml
BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR
The Theory of the Interlocking Public
Involved Interested
Un...
Elements of Journalism, Chap 1
Elements of Journalism, Chap 1
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Elements of Journalism, Chap 1

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Elements of Journalism, Chap 1

  1. 1. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR The Purpose of Journalism And Why Its Future Is at Risk
  2. 2. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR What is journalism for?
  3. 3. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR What is journalism for? “The primary purpose of journalism is to provide citizens with the information they need to be free and self-governing.”
  4. 4. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR What is government for?
  5. 5. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR What is government for? “The primary purpose of government is _______ ___________________________________.”
  6. 6. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR “Two constitutional principles have clashed: the government’s view of national security and the newspapers’ view of their freedom to print.” Eric Sevareid, CBS News June 30, 1971
  7. 7. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Journalism is so fundamental to the concept of creating community and democracy that…
  8. 8. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR …a free press was among the first rights the Founding Fathers of this country felt it necessary to secure in the Bill of Rights.
  9. 9. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
  10. 10. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Journalism is so fundamental to the concept of creating community and democracy that…
  11. 11. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR …societies that want to suppress freedom must first suppress the press. Recent Examples?
  12. 12. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Threats to Journalism Today
  13. 13. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Threats to Journalism Today •Internet
  14. 14. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Threats to Journalism Today •Internet •Shifts in reader/consumer behaviors
  15. 15. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Threats to Journalism Today •Internet •Shifts in reader/consumer behaviors •Government
  16. 16. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Threats to Journalism Today •Internet •Shifts in reader/consumer behaviors •Government •Self-destructive behaviors and attitudes
  17. 17. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Threats to Journalism Today •Internet •Shifts in reader/consumer behaviors •Government •Self-destructive behaviors and attitudes •Corporate conglomerations
  18. 18. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Threats to Journalism Today •Internet •Shifts in reader/consumer behaviors •Government •Self-destructive behaviors and attitudes •Corporate conglomerations •Globalization
  19. 19. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Threats from the Internet
  20. 20. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Threats from the Internet •Blogs
  21. 21. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Threats from the Internet •Blogs •Citizen journalism
  22. 22. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Threats from the Internet •Blogs •Citizen journalism •Movement of advertising away from traditional media
  23. 23. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Threats from the Internet •Blogs •Citizen journalism •Movement of advertising away from traditional media •News aggregators
  24. 24. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Self-destructive Behaviors and Attitudes
  25. 25. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Self-destructive Behaviors and Attitudes •Plagiarism, betraying public trust
  26. 26. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Self-destructive Behaviors and Attitudes •Plagiarism, betraying public trust •Responding to business pressures by appealing lowest common denominator
  27. 27. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Self-destructive Behaviors and Attitudes •Plagiarism, betraying public trust •Responding to business pressures by appealing lowest common denominator •Arrogance about journalism’s gatekeeper role
  28. 28. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Journalistic Arrogance and the Theory of Democracy
  29. 29. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Journalistic Arrogance and the Theory of Democracy Walter Lippmann, Public Opinion (1922) •Democracy an unattainable end due to the media’s weaknesses and the public’s disinterest and ignorance
  30. 30. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Journalistic Arrogance and the Theory of Democracy Walter Lippmann, Public Opinion (1922) •Democracy an unattainable end due to the media’s weaknesses and the public’s disinterest and ignorance John Dewey, Review of Public Opinion (1922) •Democracy (and, thus, reliable journalism) not an ends but a means; the end is individual liberty and self-realization, not efficient government
  31. 31. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Journalistic Arrogance and the Theory of Democracy
  32. 32. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Journalistic Arrogance and the Theory of Democracy •Lippmann’s view of the populace still influential
  33. 33. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Journalistic Arrogance and the Theory of Democracy •Lippmann’s view of the populace still influential •This view of the elitist press deciding what the ignorant common person needs to know has alienated citizens from the journalism they need to remain free
  34. 34. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Journalistic Arrogance and the Theory of Democracy •Lippmann’s view of the populace still influential •This view of the elitist press deciding what the ignorant common person needs to know has alienated citizens from the journalism they need to remain free •This is the context in which Kovach and Rosenstiel propose the Theory of the Interlocking Public
  35. 35. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR The Theory of the Interlocking Public
  36. 36. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR The Theory of the Interlocking Public Involved
  37. 37. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR The Theory of the Interlocking Public Involved Interested
  38. 38. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR The Theory of the Interlocking Public Involved Interested Uninterested
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