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Elements of Journalism, Chap 1
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Elements of Journalism, Chap 1

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  • 1. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR The Purpose of Journalism And Why Its Future Is at Risk
  • 2. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR What is journalism for?
  • 3. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR What is journalism for? “The primary purpose of journalism is to provide citizens with the information they need to be free and self-governing.”
  • 4. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR What is government for?
  • 5. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR What is government for? “The primary purpose of government is _______ ___________________________________.”
  • 6. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR “Two constitutional principles have clashed: the government’s view of national security and the newspapers’ view of their freedom to print.” Eric Sevareid, CBS News June 30, 1971
  • 7. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Journalism is so fundamental to the concept of creating community and democracy that…
  • 8. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR …a free press was among the first rights the Founding Fathers of this country felt it necessary to secure in the Bill of Rights.
  • 9. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
  • 10. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Journalism is so fundamental to the concept of creating community and democracy that…
  • 11. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR …societies that want to suppress freedom must first suppress the press. Recent Examples?
  • 12. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Threats to Journalism Today
  • 13. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Threats to Journalism Today •Internet
  • 14. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Threats to Journalism Today •Internet •Shifts in reader/consumer behaviors
  • 15. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Threats to Journalism Today •Internet •Shifts in reader/consumer behaviors •Government
  • 16. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Threats to Journalism Today •Internet •Shifts in reader/consumer behaviors •Government •Self-destructive behaviors and attitudes
  • 17. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Threats to Journalism Today •Internet •Shifts in reader/consumer behaviors •Government •Self-destructive behaviors and attitudes •Corporate conglomerations
  • 18. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Threats to Journalism Today •Internet •Shifts in reader/consumer behaviors •Government •Self-destructive behaviors and attitudes •Corporate conglomerations •Globalization
  • 19. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Threats from the Internet
  • 20. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Threats from the Internet •Blogs
  • 21. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Threats from the Internet •Blogs •Citizen journalism
  • 22. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Threats from the Internet •Blogs •Citizen journalism •Movement of advertising away from traditional media
  • 23. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Threats from the Internet •Blogs •Citizen journalism •Movement of advertising away from traditional media •News aggregators
  • 24. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Self-destructive Behaviors and Attitudes
  • 25. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Self-destructive Behaviors and Attitudes •Plagiarism, betraying public trust
  • 26. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Self-destructive Behaviors and Attitudes •Plagiarism, betraying public trust •Responding to business pressures by appealing lowest common denominator
  • 27. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Self-destructive Behaviors and Attitudes •Plagiarism, betraying public trust •Responding to business pressures by appealing lowest common denominator •Arrogance about journalism’s gatekeeper role
  • 28. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Journalistic Arrogance and the Theory of Democracy
  • 29. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Journalistic Arrogance and the Theory of Democracy Walter Lippmann, Public Opinion (1922) •Democracy an unattainable end due to the media’s weaknesses and the public’s disinterest and ignorance
  • 30. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Journalistic Arrogance and the Theory of Democracy Walter Lippmann, Public Opinion (1922) •Democracy an unattainable end due to the media’s weaknesses and the public’s disinterest and ignorance John Dewey, Review of Public Opinion (1922) •Democracy (and, thus, reliable journalism) not an ends but a means; the end is individual liberty and self-realization, not efficient government
  • 31. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Journalistic Arrogance and the Theory of Democracy
  • 32. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Journalistic Arrogance and the Theory of Democracy •Lippmann’s view of the populace still influential
  • 33. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Journalistic Arrogance and the Theory of Democracy •Lippmann’s view of the populace still influential •This view of the elitist press deciding what the ignorant common person needs to know has alienated citizens from the journalism they need to remain free
  • 34. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR Journalistic Arrogance and the Theory of Democracy •Lippmann’s view of the populace still influential •This view of the elitist press deciding what the ignorant common person needs to know has alienated citizens from the journalism they need to remain free •This is the context in which Kovach and Rosenstiel propose the Theory of the Interlocking Public
  • 35. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR The Theory of the Interlocking Public
  • 36. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR The Theory of the Interlocking Public Involved
  • 37. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR The Theory of the Interlocking Public Involved Interested
  • 38. cm 135 an introduction to journalisml BRUCE CLARY INSTRUCTOR The Theory of the Interlocking Public Involved Interested Uninterested

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