The Civil War in the Age of Civil Rights

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The Civil War in the Age of Civil Rights

  1. 1. The Civil War in the Age of Civil Rights Dr. Bruce Clary Monday, January 26, 2013
  2. 2. As the South seceded in 1860-61, it did soto protect its institution of slavery
  3. 3. As the North geared up for war in 1861, itdid so to preserve the Union, not to abolishslavery
  4. 4. As the war progressed, the Emancipation Cause became ascendant•Soldiers’ increased exposure to slaves changed attitudes•Military failures dictated broadening of purpose
  5. 5. In the years following the war, the South embraced one Northern cause and rejected the other•Embraced Union•Rejected basis of Emancipation
  6. 6. By 1876, Northerners wearied of protectingAfrican American rights in the South
  7. 7. In the interest of reconciliation, the Northpassively acquiesced
  8. 8. Lost Cause narrative dominates through Gone with the Wind•Tragic war fought to defend states’ rights•North’s superior resources carried the day•Slavery a burden for ruling race, but benign for slaves•Union victory a blessing, laying foundation of American greatness•Reconstruction vindictive and ill-judged
  9. 9. After War World II, Lost Cause comes under attack•Black soldiers experience social freedom•Black intellectuals become vocal•Civil rights activists open wounds
  10. 10. In the 1960s, nation celebrated centennial of Civil War•Cold War•Civil Rights Movement
  11. 11. The South in 1960 resembled the South of1860
  12. 12. But the Civil War Centennial Commissionthought it could keep celebration focusedon Reconciliation themes
  13. 13. Centennial activities were intended to uniteAmerican against communism
  14. 14. Doing so required marginalizing theEmancipation Cause; otherwise, Southernwhites would be alienated
  15. 15. The Reconciliation focus derailed by thecentennial’s collision with the Civil RightsMovement
  16. 16. Jubilee, Glory, Roots, The Autobiography of MissJane Pittman, and Ken Burns’ The Civil Warthe literary and popular mediamanifestations of the re-emergence of theEmancipation Cause

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