A Brief History of the Web
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  • 1. CM350 WEB DESIGN FOR EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION A Brief History of the Web Bruce Clary, McPherson College, McPherson, Kansas
  • 2. CM350 WEB DESIGN FOR EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION Tim Berners-Lee, a physicist at the European Organization for Nuclear Research, develops the HTTP protocol and the first version of HTML for the purpose of making scientific research papers available among fellow scientists. 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
  • 3. HTTP://INFO.CERN.CH/   
  • 4. HTTP://WWW.W3.ORG/HISTORY/19921103-HYPERTEXT/HYPERTEXT/WWW/THEPROJECT.HTML
  • 5. CM350 WEB DESIGN FOR EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION Berners-Lee and others found the World Wide Web Consortium to develop protocols and guidelines that to define how the Web works. 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
  • 6. HTTP://W3.ORG 
  • 7. CM350 WEB DESIGN FOR EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION In 1995, the W3C proposes the specifications for HTML 2.0. 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
  • 8. CM350 WEB DESIGN FOR EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION In 1996, the W3C proposes the specifications for CSS. 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
  • 9. CM350 WEB DESIGN FOR EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION In 1997, the W3C proposes the specifications for HTML 3.2. 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
  • 10. CM350 WEB DESIGN FOR EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION And in 1998 come the specifications for HTML 4.0 and CSS2. These remain the dominant standards. 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
  • 11. CM350 WEB DESIGN FOR EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION 1998 was also the year that a grassroots coalition of web designers and developers founded the Web Standards Project, which became a powerful educational force and advocate for web standards. 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
  • 12. HTTP://WWW.WEBSTANDARDS.ORG/ABOUT/HISTORY/
  • 13. CM350 WEB DESIGN FOR EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION W3C begins moving toward the recommendation of replacing HTML with XHTML 1.0. 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
  • 14. CM350 WEB DESIGN FOR EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION 2001-2009 is becoming known as The Great Leap Nowhere for HTML specifications. The W3C persisted in its push for XHTML 2.0. But this is a period when browsers, with the exception of Explorer, move conscientiously toward standards compliance. 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
  • 15. CM350 WEB DESIGN FOR EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION In 2004, another group of web designers and developers who were concerned about the direction of the W3C on XHTML founds the Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group. The argue for the continued development of HTML. 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
  • 16. HTTP://WWW.WHATWG.ORG/
  • 17. CM350 WEB DESIGN FOR EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION The W3C abandons it recommendation of XHTML 2.0 and accepts the premises promoted by WHATWG. Both organizations have now thrown their full support behind... 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
  • 18. CM350 WEB DESIGN FOR EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION In 2013, nearly all major browsers conform to the new standards for HTML5 and CSS3 although some CSS properties still require proprietary prefixes. 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
  • 19. CM350 WEB DESIGN FOR EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION As we begin this course, the world of web design has climbed Pikes Peak only to find Mt. Everest looming ahead. Broad browser compliance with Web standards has been achieved, but the everincreasing variety of mobile devices poses as great a challenge as for the future as did the variety of browsers in the first 20 years of the Web’s history. 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015