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brief intro of chinese learning

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  • 1. 学 中 文
    • An Introduction of Chinese Language
    • Clary Xue
    • http://claryxue.wordpress.com
    • Clary_lnx@hotmail.com
  • 2. Chinese Demystified
    • Chinese —“han yu” ,“zhong wen”,including mandarin, Cantonese, and other dialects
    • “ Putonghua”—standard Chinese, mandarin
    • Cantonese—a dialect spoken in Guangdong, HK, and overseas Chinese communities
  • 3. Chinese Character
    • One of the most enduring cultural achievements
    • Originated from pictures
    • Direct conception of the world
  • 4. Evolution of Characters
    • Simplified Chinese—used in mainland China, Singapore
    • Traditional Chinese—used in Taiwan, HK, and some overseas communities
  • 5. Survival of the language and culture
    • Different dialects spoken
    • One written system
    • One written system, one measure and
    • scale system were enforced by Emperor
    • Qing, more than 2000 years ago
  • 6. Sounds of Chinese Language
    • Tone language
    • Vowel-dominated
    • Predominance of two syllables
    汤 tang1 –soup 糖 tang2 –candy 躺 tang3 –laying 烫 tang4 –hot 虎—老虎 lao2hu3 星—星星 xing1xing
  • 7. Pinyin
    • A system devised to transcribe Chinese sounds
    • Officially adopted in late 1950s
    • Composed of initials (consonants) , finals (vowels, vowels + nasal sound), and tones.
  • 8. Pinyin
    • Initials
    • b p m f d t n l g k h j q x z c s zh ch sh r y w
    • Finals
    • a o e i u ü ai ei ao ou
    • ia ie ua uo üe iao iou(iu) uai uei(ui)
    • an ian uan üan en in uen(un) ün
    • ang iang uang ong eng ing ueng iong
    • er
  • 9. Tones
    • First tone—level
    • Second tone—rising
    • Third tone—falling and rising
    • Fourth tone—falling
  • 10. Easy part of Chinese learning
    • No gender
    • No plural
    • No conjugation
    • No strict structure limitation
    • Meaning centered
  • 11. Difficult Part of Chinese Study
    • Tones
    • Same pronunciation, different characters
    • Order of words
    • Not easy to see grammatical
    • relations upon the sentence
  • 12. Comparison of Language Structure
    • Western languages are ruled by law.
    • Chinese language is ruled by man.
  • 13. Q&A
    • How many syllables in Chinese language?—about 400.
    • How many characters are enough for everyday life (intermediate-advanced)?—2500.
    • Two-syllable words gradually take place of single-syllable words
    • Flexible making-up of words
  • 14. Thank you…

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