Back Pain<br />Clarke & Company Benefits LLC<br />Clarke & Company<br />Benefits LLC<br />Clarke & Company Benefits, LLC. ...
Economic Cost of Back Pain<br /><ul><li>Chronic pain in the United States, including healthcare expenses, lost income, and...
 Back pain is the leading cause of disability in Americans under 45.
 Back pain affects 80% of Americans at some time in their lives.
 Adults reporting lower back pain were three times as likely to be in fair or poor health and more than  four times as lik...
Effects of Back Pain<br />Health status measures for adults with/without recent low back pain, 2004<br />Limitation of act...
Back Pain<br /><ul><li> Symptoms:
 Muscle ache or shooting
 Limited range of motion
 Inability to stand straight
Types:
 Acute vs. Chronic
 Lower back pain
 With or without sciatica
 Middle back pain
 Upper back pain</li></ul>Clarke & Company Benefits, LLC. Beyond Benefits, Healthier Companies<br />
Causes of Back Pain<br />Strained muscle tissue<br /><ul><li>Accidents
 Arthritis
 Muscle strains
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Back Pain

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Back Pain

  1. 1. Back Pain<br />Clarke & Company Benefits LLC<br />Clarke & Company<br />Benefits LLC<br />Clarke & Company Benefits, LLC. Beyond Benefits, Healthier Companies<br />
  2. 2. Economic Cost of Back Pain<br /><ul><li>Chronic pain in the United States, including healthcare expenses, lost income, and lost productivity, annually costs about $100 billion.
  3. 3. Back pain is the leading cause of disability in Americans under 45.
  4. 4. Back pain affects 80% of Americans at some time in their lives.
  5. 5. Adults reporting lower back pain were three times as likely to be in fair or poor health and more than four times as likely to experience serious psychological distressas people without low back pain.</li></ul>Clarke & Company Benefits, LLC. Beyond Benefits, Healthier Companies<br />
  6. 6. Effects of Back Pain<br />Health status measures for adults with/without recent low back pain, 2004<br />Limitation of activity caused by chronic conditions<br />18-44 years<br />45-64 years<br />65+ years<br />More than 26 million Americans between the ages of 20 – 64 experience frequent back pain.<br />Fair or poor health<br />18-44 years<br />No low back pain in past 3 months<br />45-64 years<br />Low back pain in past 3 months<br />65+ years<br />Serious psychological distress<br />18-44 years<br />45-64 years<br />65+ years<br />60<br />100<br />80<br />40<br />20<br />0<br />Percent<br />SOURCES: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, Health, United States, 2006, Figure 37. Data from the National Health Interview Survey.<br />Clarke & Company Benefits, LLC. Beyond Benefits, Healthier Companies<br />
  7. 7. Back Pain<br /><ul><li> Symptoms:
  8. 8. Muscle ache or shooting
  9. 9. Limited range of motion
  10. 10. Inability to stand straight
  11. 11. Types:
  12. 12. Acute vs. Chronic
  13. 13. Lower back pain
  14. 14. With or without sciatica
  15. 15. Middle back pain
  16. 16. Upper back pain</li></ul>Clarke & Company Benefits, LLC. Beyond Benefits, Healthier Companies<br />
  17. 17. Causes of Back Pain<br />Strained muscle tissue<br /><ul><li>Accidents
  18. 18. Arthritis
  19. 19. Muscle strains
  20. 20. Sports injuries
  21. 21. Nerve problems
  22. 22. Muscular problems
  23. 23. Degenerative disc disease</li></ul>Normal muscle tissue<br />Clarke & Company Benefits, LLC. Beyond Benefits, Healthier Companies<br />
  24. 24. Risk Factors<br />Cannot Control<br />Can Control<br /><ul><li>Middle-age
  25. 25. Male
  26. 26. Family history
  27. 27. Previous
  28. 28. Back injury
  29. 29. Surgery
  30. 30. Pregnancy
  31. 31. Congenital spine problems (Since birth)
  32. 32. Lack of exercise
  33. 33. Long periods of sitting/lifting
  34. 34. Long-term medicines that weaken bones
  35. 35. Poor posture
  36. 36. Overweight
  37. 37. Stress
  38. 38. Depression
  39. 39. Smoking</li></ul>Clarke & Company Benefits, LLC. Beyond Benefits, Healthier Companies<br />
  40. 40. Prevention, Treatment, & <br />Pain Management<br />Strengthening & Stretching<br />Proper Lifting<br />Acute & Chronic Treatments <br />Questions to ask your doctor<br />Clarke & Company Benefits, LLC. Beyond Benefits, Healthier Companies<br />
  41. 41. Acute Injury Treatment<br /><ul><li>Rest comfortably.
  42. 42. Take breaks to walk.
  43. 43. Heat/Ice the injury to see what works best.
  44. 44. Take pain medicine if needed.
  45. 45. As soon as possible, resume normal activities.</li></ul>Clarke & Company Benefits, LLC. Beyond Benefits, Healthier Companies<br />
  46. 46. Chronic Back Pain Treatment<br /><ul><li> Back and abdominal exercises.
  47. 47. Good posture.
  48. 48. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
  49. 49. Proper lifting techniques.
  50. 50. Manage stress.</li></ul>* Surgery is rarely needed for low back pain*<br />Clarke & Company Benefits, LLC. Beyond Benefits, Healthier Companies<br />
  51. 51. Other Therapies<br /><ul><li> Acupuncture
  52. 52. Aquatic therapy and exercise
  53. 53. Biofeedback
  54. 54. Spine manipulation
  55. 55. Physical therapy
  56. 56. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)</li></ul>Clarke & Company Benefits, LLC. Beyond Benefits, Healthier Companies<br />
  57. 57. Proper Lifting<br /> Lift close to your body.<br /> Feet shoulder width apart.<br /> Bend your knees and keep your back straight.<br /> Tighten your stomach muscles. <br /> Lift with your legs.<br /> Wear a belt or back support.<br /> Never bend or twist your back to pick something up.<br />Clarke & Company Benefits, LLC. Beyond Benefits, Healthier Companies<br />
  58. 58. Strengthening Exercises<br /><ul><li> Yoga
  59. 59. Pilates
  60. 60. Swimming
  61. 61. Walking
  62. 62. Water Exercise
  63. 63. Weight-training
  64. 64. Stationary Elliptical or Bike</li></ul>*Stay hydrated, start slowly, and warm up!*<br />**Check with your doctor to see what’s best for you!**<br />Clarke & Company Benefits, LLC. Beyond Benefits, Healthier Companies<br />
  65. 65. Exercises to Try!<br />Lunge<br />Hip Bridge<br />Side Plank<br />Clarke & Company Benefits, LLC. Beyond Benefits, Healthier Companies<br />
  66. 66. Back Pain Exercise Tutorial<br />*Click on Logo above for X-Plain Tutorial*<br />Clarke & Company Benefits, LLC. Beyond Benefits, Healthier Companies<br />
  67. 67. Contact a doctor if your back pain…<br /><ul><li>Is constant or intense.
  68. 68. Spreads down legs.
  69. 69. Follows an injury.
  70. 70. Accompanies throbbing or fever.
  71. 71. Causes weakness, numbness, or tingling.
  72. 72. Causes bowel or bladder problems.
  73. 73. Accompanies unexplained weight loss.
  74. 74. Begins over age 50 or if you have a history of cancer, osteoporosis, steroid use, or drug or alcohol abuse. </li></ul>Clarke & Company Benefits, LLC. Beyond Benefits, Healthier Companies<br />
  75. 75. Video<br />(Click on video to start.)<br />Clarke & Company Benefits, LLC. Beyond Benefits, Healthier Companies<br />
  76. 76. Questions to Ask Your Doctor<br /><ul><li>Are my symptoms normal?
  77. 77. What might be causing my back pain?
  78. 78. How can I manage my back pain?
  79. 79. Can I do anything to stretch or strengthen it?
  80. 80. Can I perform my normal daily activities?
  81. 81. What activities should I do / not do?
  82. 82. How should I exercise?
  83. 83. Is there any way to prevent further back injury?</li></ul>Clarke & Company Benefits, LLC. Beyond Benefits, Healthier Companies<br />
  84. 84. Resources<br />http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/backpain.html<br /><ul><li>http://www.webmd.com/back-pain/guide/back-pain-treatment-care
  85. 85. http://www.johnshopkinshealthalerts.com/reports/back_pain_osteoporosis/1879-1.html
  86. 86. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/back-pain/DS00171
  87. 87. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/tutorials/backexercises/htm/_no_50_no_0.htm</li></ul>Clarke & Company Benefits, LLC. Beyond Benefits, Healthier Companies<br />
  88. 88. Informed@Home<br />Thank you for your attendance, this Informed@Home presentation is presented by Clarke & Company Benefits as part of our LiveWell 24/7 wellness programs and brought to you through our employee WorkPerks program.<br />Clarke & Company<br />Benefits, LLC<br />Clarke & Company Benefits, LLC. Beyond Benefits, Healthier Companies<br />

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