Eating Disorders
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Eating Disorders

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    Eating Disorders Eating Disorders Presentation Transcript

    • EATING DISORDERS IN ADOLESCENTS
    • OBJECTIVES
      • Review the history of eating disorders
      • Identify the main characteristics of anorexia
      • Identify the main characteristics of bulimia
      • Identify the main characteristics of Binge Eating Disorder
      • What can teachers do to assist in these situations?
    • HISTORY OF EATING DISORDERS
      • Foot binding in China  Lotus shoes
    • HISTORY OF EATING DISORDERS
      • Holy anorexia
    • DSM-IV: ANOREXIA
      • Refusal to maintain body weight at normal weight for age and height
      • Intense fear of gaining weight
      • Disturbance on body evaluation
      • Amenhorrea / lost sexual interest
    • DSM-IV: ANOREXIA
      • Restrictive type
      • Binge-eating / Purging
    • CONTROL BODY WEIGHT BY
      • Starvation
      • Purging / vomiting
      • Excessive exercise
      • Diet pills / diuretics
    • CONTROL BODY WEIGHT BY
      • Starvation
      • Purging / vomiting
      • Excessive exercise
      • Diet pills / diuretics
    • SYMPTOMS
    • MAIN PSYCHOLOGICAL, EMOTIONAL, INTERPERSONAL, PHYSICAL AND BEHAVIOURAL SYMPTOMS
    • PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS
      • Distorted body image
      • Poor insight
      • Self-evaluation largely, or even exclusively, in terms of their shape and weight
      • OCD (obsessive compulsive disorder)
      • belief that control over food is synonymous with being in control of one's life
    • EMOTIONAL SYMPTOMS
      • Low self-esteem and self-efficacy
      • Clinical depression or chronically low mood
      • Intense fear about becoming overweight
      • Moodiness or 'mood swings'
    • INTERPERSONAL SYMPTOMS
      • Withdrawal from previous friendships and other peer-relationships
      • Deterioration in relationships with the family
      • Denial of Basic needs, such as food
    • PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS
      • Extreme weight loss
      • Growth of lanugo hair over the body
      • Possibly with pallid complexion and sunken eyes
      • Creaking joints and bones
      • Tooth decay
    • YOU CAN NEVER BE…
    • PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS
      • Very dry/chapped lips due to malnutrition
      • Headaches, due to malnutrition
      • Thinning of the hair
      • Nails become more brittle
      • Constantly feeling "cold"
      • Dry skin
    • BEHAVIOURAL SYMPTOMS
      • Excessive exercise, food restriction
      • Fainting
      • Secretive about eating or exercise behaviour
      • Possible self-harm, substance abuse or suicide attempts
      • Very sensitive to references about body weight
      • Become very aggressive when forced to eat "forbidden" foods
    • STUDENTS VOICES