Eating Disorders
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Eating Disorders

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Eating Disorders Eating Disorders Presentation Transcript

  • EATING DISORDERS IN ADOLESCENTS
  • OBJECTIVES
    • Review the history of eating disorders
    • Identify the main characteristics of anorexia
    • Identify the main characteristics of bulimia
    • Identify the main characteristics of Binge Eating Disorder
    • What can teachers do to assist in these situations?
  • HISTORY OF EATING DISORDERS
    • Foot binding in China  Lotus shoes
  • HISTORY OF EATING DISORDERS
    • Holy anorexia
  • DSM-IV: ANOREXIA
    • Refusal to maintain body weight at normal weight for age and height
    • Intense fear of gaining weight
    • Disturbance on body evaluation
    • Amenhorrea / lost sexual interest
  • DSM-IV: ANOREXIA
    • Restrictive type
    • Binge-eating / Purging
  • CONTROL BODY WEIGHT BY
    • Starvation
    • Purging / vomiting
    • Excessive exercise
    • Diet pills / diuretics
  • CONTROL BODY WEIGHT BY
    • Starvation
    • Purging / vomiting
    • Excessive exercise
    • Diet pills / diuretics
  • SYMPTOMS
  • MAIN PSYCHOLOGICAL, EMOTIONAL, INTERPERSONAL, PHYSICAL AND BEHAVIOURAL SYMPTOMS
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS
    • Distorted body image
    • Poor insight
    • Self-evaluation largely, or even exclusively, in terms of their shape and weight
    • OCD (obsessive compulsive disorder)
    • belief that control over food is synonymous with being in control of one's life
  • EMOTIONAL SYMPTOMS
    • Low self-esteem and self-efficacy
    • Clinical depression or chronically low mood
    • Intense fear about becoming overweight
    • Moodiness or 'mood swings'
  • INTERPERSONAL SYMPTOMS
    • Withdrawal from previous friendships and other peer-relationships
    • Deterioration in relationships with the family
    • Denial of Basic needs, such as food
  • PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS
    • Extreme weight loss
    • Growth of lanugo hair over the body
    • Possibly with pallid complexion and sunken eyes
    • Creaking joints and bones
    • Tooth decay
  • YOU CAN NEVER BE…
  • PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS
    • Very dry/chapped lips due to malnutrition
    • Headaches, due to malnutrition
    • Thinning of the hair
    • Nails become more brittle
    • Constantly feeling "cold"
    • Dry skin
  • BEHAVIOURAL SYMPTOMS
    • Excessive exercise, food restriction
    • Fainting
    • Secretive about eating or exercise behaviour
    • Possible self-harm, substance abuse or suicide attempts
    • Very sensitive to references about body weight
    • Become very aggressive when forced to eat "forbidden" foods
  • STUDENTS VOICES