Attention Deficit Disorder Liceo Cultural Británico  Lic. Gonzalo Camp
 
<ul><li>Syndrome characterized by serious and persistent difficulties in three areas </li></ul><ul><li>1) distractibility ...
What are the Symptoms of ADD? <ul><li>Easily distracted by sounds and other things. </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty focusing ...
WHO HAS ADD  <ul><li>According to epidemiological data, approximately 4% to 6% of the U.S. population has ADD  </li></ul><...
Treatments <ul><li>There is no cure for ADD.  </li></ul><ul><li>There are treatments. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two main...
Medical Treatments <ul><li>These are all the common medications of Attention Deficit Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>There is: ...
Behavioral Treatments <ul><li>Behavioral treatments consist of  </li></ul><ul><li>Token economy is a way of  </li></ul><ul...
Good Things About ADD. <ul><li>People with ADD may be very creative. Like a painting in your home could come from someone ...
Bad things About ADD <ul><li>People with ADD can get really annoying. </li></ul><ul><li>Have temper tantrums </li></ul><ul...
 
 
What happens in the classroom?
Things We  Can  See (aka, Common Complaints) <ul><li>Difficulties sustaining attention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Daydreaming <...
Common Complaints (cont’d) <ul><li>Problems with impulse control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Impatient/Difficulties waiting for ...
Common Complaints (cont’d) <ul><li>Hyperactivity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Always on the go </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Squirmy...
What Do These Behaviors Have in Common? <ul><li>Problem isn’t as much sustaining attention as it is sustaining  inhibition...
ADHD and the Human Brain <ul><li>Portions of brain’s frontal lobe are responsible for “Executive” functions: </li></ul><ul...
ADHD and the Brain (cont’d) <ul><li>Research suggests that in in children with ADHD, these “executive” areas of the brain ...
Things That Look Like ADHD <ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing problems </li></ul><ul><...
Establish the Proper Learning Environment
Establish the Proper Learning Environment <ul><li>Place students with ADD near you, but in regular seating orientation </l...
Establish the Proper Environment (cont.) <ul><li>Pay attention to change in child’s schooling (avoid physical relocation, ...
Instructing Students With ADD <ul><li>Maintain eye contact when possible (i.e. giving verbal instructions) </li></ul><ul><...
Instructing Student with ADD (cont.) <ul><li>Make sure students comprehend the instructions before beginning the task  </l...
Instructing Student with ADD (cont.) <ul><li>provide opportunity for students to apply concepts they have studied to the r...
Giving Assignments  <ul><li>Give out only one task at a time.  </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor frequently. Maintain a supportive...
Modifying Behavior And Enhancing Self-Esteem  <ul><li>Providing Supervision and Discipline:   </li></ul><ul><li>Remain cal...
Modifying Behavior And Enhancing Self-Esteem (cont.) <ul><li>Providing   Encouragement : </li></ul><ul><li>Reward more tha...
Modifying Behavior And Enhancing Self-Esteem (cont.) <ul><li>use contingency-based self-management techniques  </li></ul><...
Other Educational Recommendations  <ul><li>Check for other learning disabilities (present in ~30% of kids with add) </li><...
KEY Tips for Managing ADHD <ul><li>Be patient </li></ul><ul><li>Be persistent  </li></ul><ul><li>Be understanding </li></u...
Thank you very much!!!!
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Class On Attention Deficit Disorderteens

  1. 1. Attention Deficit Disorder Liceo Cultural Británico Lic. Gonzalo Camp
  2. 3. <ul><li>Syndrome characterized by serious and persistent difficulties in three areas </li></ul><ul><li>1) distractibility (poor sustained attention to tasks) </li></ul><ul><li>2) impulsivity (impaired impulse control and delay of gratification) </li></ul><ul><li>3) hyperactivity (excessive activity and physical restlessness) </li></ul>DEFINITION OF ADD:
  3. 4. What are the Symptoms of ADD? <ul><li>Easily distracted by sounds and other things. </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty focusing on assignments. </li></ul><ul><li>Very forgetful on appointments and other due dates </li></ul><ul><li>Having difficulty studying quietly. </li></ul>
  4. 5. WHO HAS ADD <ul><li>According to epidemiological data, approximately 4% to 6% of the U.S. population has ADD </li></ul><ul><li>In Argentina </li></ul><ul><li>Los niños que recibieron el diagnóstico según el ambos sistemas fueron del 4,99%. Los resultados según los criterios del DSM-IV fueron de 7,86 y la utilización de la escala más estricta, por su parte, arrojó una prevalencia del 5,24% Los resultados se muestran dentro de lo esperable, aunque la prevalencia en niñas encontrada sobrepasan aquellas que encontraron estudios similares en otros lugares. </li></ul><ul><li>Ruben O. Scandar - La Fundación de Neuropsicología Clínica </li></ul>
  5. 6. Treatments <ul><li>There is no cure for ADD. </li></ul><ul><li>There are treatments. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two main forms of treatments </li></ul><ul><li>medications </li></ul><ul><li>behavioral therapies </li></ul>
  6. 7. Medical Treatments <ul><li>These are all the common medications of Attention Deficit Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>There is: </li></ul><ul><li>Listol, Vaxa, ADDult. </li></ul><ul><li>Ritalin, Dexedrine, Cylert, </li></ul><ul><li>ADDerall </li></ul>
  7. 8. Behavioral Treatments <ul><li>Behavioral treatments consist of </li></ul><ul><li>Token economy is a way of </li></ul><ul><li>treating a problem by </li></ul><ul><li>punishing bad behavior </li></ul><ul><li>and rewarding good </li></ul><ul><li>behavior </li></ul>
  8. 9. Good Things About ADD. <ul><li>People with ADD may be very creative. Like a painting in your home could come from someone who has Attention Deficit Disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the Gifted are label as to having Attention Deficit Disorder. It is very misunderstood. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Bad things About ADD <ul><li>People with ADD can get really annoying. </li></ul><ul><li>Have temper tantrums </li></ul><ul><li>They could one minute be mad and then the next be very happy. </li></ul><ul><li>Then they could eventually get over what ever they are doing. </li></ul><ul><li>They may have very bad anger problems. </li></ul><ul><li>He or she may have trouble remembering things and forget what they are doing. </li></ul>
  10. 13. What happens in the classroom?
  11. 14. Things We Can See (aka, Common Complaints) <ul><li>Difficulties sustaining attention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Daydreaming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child doesn’t listen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Always losing things </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forgetful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easily distracted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Needs constant supervision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child doesn’t finish anything he/she starts </li></ul></ul>
  12. 15. Common Complaints (cont’d) <ul><li>Problems with impulse control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Impatient/Difficulties waiting for things </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Always interrupting others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blurts out answers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doesn’t take turns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tries to take shortcuts on many tasks (including chores, homework, etc.) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 16. Common Complaints (cont’d) <ul><li>Hyperactivity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Always on the go </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Squirmy…can’t sit still </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talks too much </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frequently hums or makes odd noises </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unable to “put the brakes on” motor activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child has two speeds; asleep and awake </li></ul></ul>
  14. 17. What Do These Behaviors Have in Common? <ul><li>Problem isn’t as much sustaining attention as it is sustaining inhibition …this is the hallmark of ADHD </li></ul><ul><li>Inhibition : a mental process that restrains an action (behavior) or emotion </li></ul><ul><li>Problems of inhibition are not a matter of choice, but are instead a result of what is (or is not) going on in the child’s brain </li></ul>
  15. 18. ADHD and the Human Brain <ul><li>Portions of brain’s frontal lobe are responsible for “Executive” functions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consolidating information from other areas of the brain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Considers” potential consequences and implications of behaviors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Puts “brakes” on ( inhibits ) impulsive reactions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initiates appropriate response to environment </li></ul></ul>
  16. 19. ADHD and the Brain (cont’d) <ul><li>Research suggests that in in children with ADHD, these “executive” areas of the brain are under-active </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing the activity level in these areas of the ADHD brain have been shown to decrease behavioral symptoms. This is the logic behind using Stimulant medications as a first line treatment for the disorder. </li></ul>
  17. 20. Things That Look Like ADHD <ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing problems </li></ul><ul><li>Visual problems </li></ul><ul><li>Seizure disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Oppositional defiant disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Autism </li></ul><ul><li>Learning disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Parenting problems </li></ul><ul><li>Substance use </li></ul><ul><li>Medication side-effects </li></ul><ul><li>Lead poisoning </li></ul>
  18. 21. Establish the Proper Learning Environment
  19. 22. Establish the Proper Learning Environment <ul><li>Place students with ADD near you, but in regular seating orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Place students with backs to rest of class </li></ul><ul><li>Surround students with ADD with good role models (encourage peer tutoring) </li></ul>
  20. 23. Establish the Proper Environment (cont.) <ul><li>Pay attention to change in child’s schooling (avoid physical relocation, change in schedule, and disruptions) watch them on field trips </li></ul><ul><li>Have a reduced-distraction study area, encourage parents to do the same. </li></ul><ul><li>Have parents set up regular homework routines </li></ul>
  21. 24. Instructing Students With ADD <ul><li>Maintain eye contact when possible (i.e. giving verbal instructions) </li></ul><ul><li>Make directions clear and concise. Be consistent with daily instructions. </li></ul><ul><li>Simplify complex directions. Avoid multiple commands. </li></ul>
  22. 25. Instructing Student with ADD (cont.) <ul><li>Make sure students comprehend the instructions before beginning the task </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat instructions in a calm, positive manner, if needed </li></ul><ul><li>Help the students feel comfortable with seeking assistance </li></ul>
  23. 26. Instructing Student with ADD (cont.) <ul><li>provide opportunity for students to apply concepts they have studied to the reality of their daily lives </li></ul><ul><li>bridge from previously taught concepts to new concepts </li></ul>
  24. 27. Giving Assignments <ul><li>Give out only one task at a time. </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor frequently. Maintain a supportive attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Give extra time for certain tasks. Students with ADD may work slowly. Do not penalize them for needed extra time. </li></ul>
  25. 28. Modifying Behavior And Enhancing Self-Esteem <ul><li>Providing Supervision and Discipline: </li></ul><ul><li>Remain calm, state the infraction of the rule, and avoid debating or arguing with the student. Have pre-established consequences for misbehavior. Administer consequences immediately, and monitor proper behavior frequently. Enforce classroom rules consistently. </li></ul>
  26. 29. Modifying Behavior And Enhancing Self-Esteem (cont.) <ul><li>Providing Encouragement : </li></ul><ul><li>Reward more than you punish, in order to build self-esteem. Praise immediately any and all good behavior and performance. Change rewards if they are not effective in motivating behavioral change. Find ways to encourage the child. </li></ul>
  27. 30. Modifying Behavior And Enhancing Self-Esteem (cont.) <ul><li>use contingency-based self-management techniques </li></ul><ul><li>have individuals keep track of their own behavior and then receive consequences </li></ul><ul><li>use self-monitoring of attention to increase on-task behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Helps students become more aware of what trigger off-task behavior </li></ul>
  28. 31. Other Educational Recommendations <ul><li>Check for other learning disabilities (present in ~30% of kids with add) </li></ul><ul><li>Try a private tutor </li></ul><ul><li>Individualized mildly or non-competitive activities (bowling, walking, swimming) </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement in Social Activities (scouting, church group) </li></ul>
  29. 32. KEY Tips for Managing ADHD <ul><li>Be patient </li></ul><ul><li>Be persistent </li></ul><ul><li>Be understanding </li></ul><ul><li>*Most importantly, remember to differentiate the behaviors from the child </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bad behaviors are not synonymous with a bad child </li></ul></ul>
  30. 33. Thank you very much!!!!
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