Knoware-Open Data-SUNZ12: Clare Somerville and Trish O'Kane


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The New Zealand Government has issued a Declaration on Open and Transparent Government. What are the implications for public organisations of the intitaive, and what should they be doing to prepare and support it.

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Knoware-Open Data-SUNZ12: Clare Somerville and Trish O'Kane

  1. 1. Open DataClare SomervilleSelena SmeatonTrish O’Kane
  2. 2. Everyone has the right toinformation 2
  3. 3. Everyone has the right toinformation EIS 3
  4. 4. Everyone has the right toinformation 4
  5. 5. What is it? WhyRisks? do it? Open data What Who’s about doing NZ? it?
  6. 6. “Open data is the idea that certain data should be availableto everyone to use and republishas they wish, without restrictionsfrom copyright, patents or other mechanisms of control” Wikipedia
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. USA • May 2009 UK • Sep 2009 Norway • Apr 2010 Australia • Mar 2011 Kenya • Jul 2011 Netherlands • NZ • Aug 2011 Chile • Italy • Spain • Uruguay • Nov 2011 France • Dec 2011 Brazil • Dec 2011Who? Where? When?
  9. 9. Move paper documents to the internet• PDFs, Word documents• Saves printing or mail• Not great to extract infoAdd metadata• Documents enhanced• Raw data, visualisations, sort, filter etcProgrammatic access• Data can be loaded into programs for big data researchLevels of useability
  10. 10. NZ Declaration on Open andTransparent Government“Building on NZ’s democratic tradition, the governmentcommits to actively releasing high value public data.The government holds data on behalf of the NZ public.We release it to enable the private and community sectors touse it to grow the economy, strengthen our social andcultural fabric, and sustain our environment. We release it toencourage business and community involvement ingovernment decision making” 8 August 2011
  11. 11. Principle DescriptionOpen For public accessProtected Personal infoReadily available Discoverable, accessible, onlineTrusted & authoritative Accurate, relevant, timely, consistent, authoritative single sourceWell managed Held by government on behalf of publicReasonably priced FreeReusable Highest possible granularity; reusable; machine readable; metadataData & Information ManagementPrinciples
  12. 12. NZ Priorities
  13. 13. NZ Priorities
  14. 14.  Explore finances More transparent How government spends Increase the data’s value Feedback loop - $ saved; better projects Engage citizens in government Info to citizens in tough economic times Individual salaries; payments to vendorsMassachusetts Open Checkbook
  15. 15.  Transparency ◦ Access data used by council in decision making; use it for additional social value Participation ◦ Analyse, propose ideas, gain insights; enrich lives of individuals and community Collaboration ◦ Suggest ideas about additional data; apps that could use the data; improving accessIreland (Fingal)
  16. 16. Build Accountability participation PromoteTransparency economic Open Data innovation … the reasons why
  17. 17. Consistency Meaning Risks Quality Usage
  18. 18. Public money was used to Data belongs to fund the work everyone so should be freely available In science - more discoveryFacts can’t be is related to copyrighted better access Arguments to data for Open Data
  19. 19.  Intro What are other countries doing? What is NZ doing? Challenges, risks, opportunities What do we need to do to prepare?Agenda
  20. 20. 21
  21. 21. 22
  22. 22. 23
  23. 23. 24
  24. 24.  Recently sought input into the US Open Government National Action Plan ◦ Measures? ◦ Minimum standards for participation? ◦ How to compare participation? ◦ Effective technology and tools?US National Action Plan
  25. 25. 26
  26. 26.  Make data freely available to the public, developers and business - and charge where appropriate Be a centre of excellence and expertise in collecting, managing storing and distributing data Be a vehicle which will attract private investment. 27
  27. 27. 28
  28. 28. €250bn across Europe every year 29
  29. 29. 30
  30. 30.  Intro What are other countries doing? What is NZ doing? Challenges, risks, opportunities What do we need to do to prepare?Agenda
  31. 31. 2005 India and Germany 2002 Japan and Mexico 2000 United Kingdom 1998 South Korea 1997 Ireland and Thailand 1992 Hungary 1982 Australia, Canada, New Zealand 1978 France, Netherlands 1970 Denmark, Norway 1966 United States 1917,1951 Finland18th Century Sweden Freedom of information legislation
  32. 32. OIA vsOpen Data
  33. 33.
  34. 34. NZ Open Government will beasking public service agencies: What do you And has Not personal hold on behalf Not confidential high of the public value Not classified impact that is Economic and social Transparency and democratic Efficiency “If you get away from people and businesses then it’s easier”
  35. 35. And also asking: What information have you released? What have you not released because of insurmountable barriers? Quality issues are not a barrier to release “If it’s good enough for business use then it’s good enough to release” Archives NZ are also investigating high-value information
  36. 36.  Intro What are other countries doing? What is NZ doing? Challenges, risks, opportunities What do we need to do to prepare?Agenda
  37. 37. Third parties and mashups Third parties
  38. 38.
  39. 39. Classic mash-up
  40. 40. No census? Use other sources
  41. 41.  Caveat for data supplied. ◦ The data supplied is an extract from the SMS fire incident reporting system maintained by the New Zealand Fire Service. It is not complete statistical data and should not be relied on for statistical analysis. ◦ A full incident report can be provided on request under the Official Information Act.Fire Incident Summary Data
  42. 42. Bob IncExample: Motor Vehicle registration
  43. 43.  1998 Privacy Commissioner: “We would like to see a closer relationship between the purposes of the register and the release of information from it, such as when information is needed to enforce the law, to gather statistics, and to develop transport policy.
  44. 44. 8 years later…
  45. 45. 2010
  46. 46. Bob IncSince May 2011
  47. 47. MVR Information about individualspost May 2011
  48. 48. GazettedAccessAuthorisations“access to names & addresses of persons: - who are currently registered in respect of a motor vehicle(s); and - who have not instructed the Registrar of Motor Vehicles to withhold their details. Speer, Speer & Associates Limited“… address information associated withspecific registration plate numbers to assistwith research on customer distributionpatterns around shopping centres.”Until 30 Nov 2016
  49. 49.  Intro What are other countries doing? What is NZ doing? Challenges, risks, opportunities What do we need to do to prepare?Agenda
  50. 50. What to do to prepare? Accreted over time…
  51. 51.  Know your legislation Establish principles and defend them Know what you have released before and why you released it What would you restrict and why? Be prepared for Open Government questions ◦ Before you are asked ◦ Before you publishMandate and principles
  52. 52. Know what you’ve got
  53. 53. Know what you shouldn’t have Data collected but not needed ◦ Data sets legitimately shared but… ◦ Application forms that ask for … ◦ Do you really need to? Legacy datasets without owners? Duplicates of data ◦ Your own ◦ From other agencies
  54. 54. Triage and isolate Which data or information  seems fine  seems dodgy  must not be shared Identify, isolate or filter information that shouldn’t be shared
  55. 55. Manage your data & information  Principle: Reusable ◦ Highest possible granularity; reusable; machine readable; metadata  4 reasons we keep data…  Governance  Standards, policies  Metadata  Structure the unstructured  Data lifecycle management  Disposal
  56. 56.  We’re just getting started Plenty of opportunities… …many challenges We don’t know exactly what lies ahead… ..but we can prepare. 1.5+ million vacancies…apply soon!In conclusion
  57. 57. Open O’© The Knowledge Warehouse Ltd, 2012