Restoration/Rehabilitation Plan in Development Project AreasHit by Typhoon Pablo In CompostelaValley and Davao Oriental Provinces
I. Extent of Damages Brought by Typhoon Pablo The onslaught of Typhoon Pablo resulted to loss of lives anddamage to properties including vast areas of forest cover. InCompostela Valley Province, the severity of damage was aggravatedby the slope and elevation in the upstream of Andap Watershed.(Shown in Annexes C and D). Thirty-eight percent of the total areaor 21,603.12 hectares has a slope of 50%. Forty-three percent or23,955.37 hectares also belong to 1000masl elevation. The imagesshow the progression of water movement from upstream todownstream.
Figure 1 .Forty-three Percent of theareas in New Bataan arecategorized to have anelevation of more than1,000masl. Also, 38.9% ofthe total area has a slopeof more than 50% whichmakes it susceptible toerosion and flashfloods.The image shown in Fig. 1(note the blue arrows)indicates water drainingfrom the mountain slopesdown to the gullies. Figure 1
Figure 2.From the mountains waterin the gullies flow towardwater tributaries and onto Andap River, asillustrated by the bluearrow. While wateralways follows its naturalcourse, the high volume ofrainfall in a certain periodaids in accelerating theflow of water. In this case,the excessive rain duringthe typhoon accumulateda volume of 200-250mm. Figure 2
Figure 3.Considering the factors thataccelerate the flow ofwater, the high amount ofrain accumulated duringthe typhoon resulted to theoverflowing of waterwaysresulting to severe erosionand flashfloods and in theprocess carry with itboulders, uprooted treesand debris from themountain down to the mainriver and continue on tocommunities settleddownstream. Figure 3
A. Damage to Development Projects Based on the GIS Modeling on the damages caused by Typhoon Pablo, the illustration shows that the area colored in Red was severely damaged as it is also considered the center of Typhoon Pablo. The Pink area indicates areas moderately damaged while that in Yellow shows areas slightly damaged by Pablo.
In Davao Oriental, the total project area constituted 2,167 hectares and about 1,864 hectares were estimated to have been damaged amounting to P23,860,473.00. In Compostela Valley, of the total 3,821 hectares of project areas, 2,925 hectares have been damaged and estimated at a cost of P36,106,517.00. In all, from the 5,988 hectares of project areas, 4,324 hectares have been damaged with an equivalent estimate of P59,966,989.65.
Damage to Development ProjectsSUMMARY OF ESTIMATED DAMAGE DURING TYPHOON PABLO ESTIMATED AREA ESTIMATED NAME OF PROJECTS PROJECT COST DAMAGE (ha.) DAMAGE (P) (ha.)PROVINCE OF DAVAO ORIENTAL1 UDP 2009 136 2,843,805.00 96 1,990,663.502 UDP 2010 202 6,503,390.00 172 5,527,881.503 NGP 2011 700 8,050,000.00 627 7,210,500.004 NGP 2012 399 3,391,500.00 363 2,863,460.005 SOIL CONSERVATION 500 2,901,400.00 440 2,615,968.006 CARP 158 230 5,060,000.00 166 3,652,000.00 SUB TOTAL 2,167 28,750,095.00 1,864 23,860,473.00COMPOSTELA VALLEY PROVINCE1 REGULAR REFO (2004-2008)236 2,290,625.00 196 660,000.002 UDP 2009 605 14,522,072.00 380 8,124,345.003 UDP 2010 133 4,281,935.00 55 1,770,725.004 NGP 2011 865.22 9,950,030.00 722.22 8,305,530.005 NGP 2012 1,614.63 13,365,083.00 1272.63 10,876,013.006 SOIL CONSERVATION 103 2,013,836.43 85 1,661,903.657 CARP 158 264 7,128,000.00 214 4,708,000.00 SUB TOTAL 3,821 53,551,581 2,925 36,106,517 GRAND TOTAL 5,988 82,301,676.43 4,789 59,966,989.65
B. Damage to Natural Forests Natural Forest Damaged by Typhoon Pablo (GIS-generated data based from Year 2003 Satellite Image) Severely DamagedProvince Davao Oriental Municipality Close Canopy Open Canopy Brush land Mangrove Total (has.)Boston 3,944.67 8,796.71 5,577.31 18,318.69Cateel 6,221.34 15,559.66 15,120.38 114.08 37,015.46Baganga 7,617.95 3,331.03 8,696.79 964.86 20,610.63 Total 17,783.96 27,687.40 29,394.48 1,078.94 75,944.78
Compostela Valley Province OpenMunicipality Close canopy canopy Brushland Mangrove Total (has.)Monkayo 903.82 11,078.62 26,386.08 38,368.52Compostela 1,375.41 1,810.72 6,601.41 9,787.54Montevista 2,856.09 2,856.09Laak 843.77 6,690.63 32,974.65 40,509.05 Total 843.77 6,690.63 35,830.74 - 43,365.14TOTAL OF SEVERELY DAMAGE Close Canopy: 8,627.73 ha. Open Canopy: 34,378.03 ha. Brush Land: 65,225.22 ha. Mangrove: 1,078.94 ha. Grand Total: 119,309.92 ha.
Moderately DamagedProvince Davao OrientalMunicipality Close Canopy Open Canopy Brushland Mangrove Total (has.)Boston 157.86 9,853.00 3,423.33 13,434.19Cateel 2,250.62 1,022.26 3,272.88Baganga 8,517.12 11,807.53 5,769.87 26,094.52Caraga 4,480.01 15,667.98 16,365.00Manay 1,275.60 Total 8,674.98 23,911.15 10,215.46 - 42,801.59
Compostela Valley Province Municipality Close Canopy Open Canopy Brushland Mangrove Total (has.)Monkayo 1,695.72 1,708.37 3,404.09Compostela 925.73 3,144.04 4,069.77Montevista 7,050.87 7,050.87New Bataan 11,574.28 18,873.58 10,999.65 41,447.51Laak 1,264.40 14,496.15 15,760.55Nabunturan 2,532.45 7,456.99 9,989.44Maragusan 390.44 182.60 419.87 992.91Mawab 1,055.35 1,055.35 Total 11,574.28 20,137.98 32,546.67 - 64,258.93 TOTAL OF MODERATELY DAMAGE Close Canopy: 20,249.26 ha. Brush Land: 42,762.13 ha. Open Canopy: 44,049.13 ha. Grand Total: 107,060.52 ha.
Slightly DamagedProvince Davao OrientalMunicipality Close Canopy Open Canopy Brushland Mangrove Total (has.)Caraga 339.48 7,670.12 9,118.99 17,128.59Manay 2,852.73 14,861.18 13,555.73 31,269.64Tarragona 3,302.11 4,298.10 1,793.63 9,393.84Mati City 1,458.99 475.23Lupon 2,924.29 62.50Banaybanay 2,012.25 5,132.26 1,527.16 Total 6,494.32 26,829.40 24,468.35 - 57,792.07
Compostela Valley Province Close OpenMunicipality Canopy Canopy Brushland Mangrove Total (has.)Pantukan 1,598.01 4,185.25 2,877.49 8,660.75Mabini 2,187.54 2753.7 14,340.85 19,282.09Maco 36.71 1,524.33 21,917.99 23,479.03Maragusan 2,611.16 1,316.67 7,625.95 11,553.78Mawab 2,238.92 2,238.92Nabunturan 809.38 2,257.07 3,066.45 Total 2,647.87 2,841.00 31,782.86 - 37,271.73 TOTAL OF MODERATELY DAMAGE Close Canopy: 9,142.19 ha. Brush Land: 56,251.21 ha. Open Canopy: 29,670.40 ha. Grand Total: 95,063.80 ha.
C. Damage to Properties and Infrastructures An estimated total cost of P24,222,823,528.07 was determined by NDRRMC for the damages caused nationally by Typhon Pablo, as of its December 18, 2012 report. Of this, P7,822,986,310 was attributed to damages in infrastructures, P16,350,605,805.07 in agriculture and P48,959,413 worth of damages to private properties.
In Region XI alone, gravely damaged included major bridges such as that in Caraga, Davao Oriental. Gov, T. Palma Bridge significantly connects the Municipalities of Caraga and Baganga, Davao Oriental and with the extent of its damage, the Municipalities of Boston, Cateel and Baganga were briefly cut-off as rescue, retrieval and relief operations ensued after the typhoon.
II. The Cash-For-Work Scheme The concept of Cash-for-Work scheme has been perceived to be suitable and beneficial for the rehabilitation and re-establishment of damaged development projects as well as provide economic opportunity to beneficiaries or partner-People’s Organization members. This was speculated on during several meetings conducted with the different PENROs and CENROs whose administrative jurisdictions were affected by the typhoon.
A.Underlying PrincipleBeing the most severelydamaged Provinces in RegionXI, PENROs Compostela Valleyand Davao Oriental has beenput under the Cash-For-WorkScheme in implementingrehabilitation/restoration plansin different developmentproject areas.
The following considerations were determined as basis in the implementation of the cash-for-work scheme:1.People in the affected areas cannot survive on relief goods alone;2. The extent of damage in agriculture wasmost severe in especially in the banana andcoconut industries, thus the government hasto provide for the livelihood andemployment to sustain the recovery ofaffected municipalities.
3. Proclamation No. 522 declared a State of National Calamity in theProvinces of Compostela Valley, Davao Oriental and Davao DelNorte;4. The extent of damages on forest resources particularly on NGPplantations established in 2011 and 2012 was so severe and neededto be rehabilitated;5. The establishment of new plantations for 2013 shall be the mainsource of employment for affected community members.
B. Expected Targets• Replace damaged seedlings from NGP plantations established in 2011 and 2012;• 100% accomplishment of the 2013 NGP target for Davao Oriental and Compostela Valley Provinces;• Hire people and their services from the affected areas as income generation;• Fast tracking of planting activities within 60 days (2 months).
C. Target Municipalities for Rehabilitation • Baganga, Cateel, Boston, Caraga, and Manay in Davao Oriental Province; • New Bataan, Monkayo, Compostela, Maragusan, Monkayo, Mabini, N abunturan, Maco, Pantukan, Montevista and Laak town in Compostela Valley Province.
Considering the magnitude of damage to these areas, Region XI came up with rehabilitation plans that would restore the environmental stability of damaged areas as well as come up with a system that would benefit not only the natural ecosystem but also the upland communities. With the Cash-for-Work scheme, rehabilitation of development projects would also enable upland communities earn a considerable income; Target areas to be prioritized in the scheme will be damaged areas of Peoples Organizations and may not necessarily be NGP participants. A contiguous area of at least 500 hectares for each PO shall be proposed for rehabilitation.
For Compostela Valley, a total of 2,500 hectares for CY 2013 and an additional 1,900 hectares for CY 2014 will be the focus for rehabilitation. Davao Oriental, on the other hand, shall also set aside 4,600 hectares for CY 2013 and another 2,700 hectares for CY 2014. All in all, Region XI shall rehabilitate a total of 7,100 hectares for CY 2013 and 4,600 hectares for CY 2014.
D. Mode of Implementation Affected head of the families shall be hired as plantation workers and shall receive a daily wage rate of P226.00. This modified employment scheme shall require the plantation worker to work on .10 hectares/manday or planted an equivalent of 50 trees per day. Hired workers shall participate in the site preparation and planting activities in the months of January to June 2013. The succeeding activity of maintenance and protection shall commence in the next six months or from July to December 2013.
A total of 871 workers shall be hired to work in an area of 13,054 hectares plantation establishment and forest rehabilitation under the National Greening Program for a period of 6 months. Areas subjected for the Cash-for-Work scheme shall also include Upland Development Program (UDP) and Soil Conservation Areas. The whole Program constitutes a total fund of P29,526,900.00 to cover the targeted Municipalities of both Compostela Valley and Davao Oriental Provinces.
CASH FOR WORK PROGRAM CASH FOR WORK REGION XI TARGET AREA (ha.) COST (workforce REGIONAL TOTAL 13,054 871 29,552,040DAVAO ORIENTAL 3,891 260 8,793,660COMPOSTELA VALLEY 9,163 611 20,758,380 Damage Area for Rehab.: 6,657.0 ha. NGP Regular Target: 6,397.0 ha.
PROVINCE OF DAVAO ORIENTAL: 260 Municipality Workforce Cost• Boston 65 2,203,500.00• Cateel 65 2,203,500.00• Baganga 60 2,034,000.00• Caraga 40 1,356,000.00• Manay 30 1,017,000.00
SCHEDULE OF CASH FOR WORK LAUNCHINGDavao Oriental : February 12, 2013Compostela Valley: February 13, 2013Most importantly, coordination and necessary support from theDepartment of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) andLocal Government Units should be sustained to ensure efficientand effective delivery of much needed services.