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Catherine Campbell
 

Catherine Campbell

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"Field to Market: What is Sustainable Agriculture?"

"Field to Market: What is Sustainable Agriculture?"

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  • Fieldprint Calculator, a free, online tool to help growers analyze their operations and help the supply chain explain how food is producedNational Report on environmental and socioeconomic trends over time for U.S. commodity cropsPilot programs – field level – using the Fieldprint Calculator to provide value to growers and provide insight into building supply chain sustainability programs
  • In 2009, Field to Market introduced the Environmental Resource Indicators Report, which indicated that production agriculture has been increasing its efficiency over time.Using available data, the report evaluated national-scale metrics from 1987 to 2007 for land use, water use, energy use, soil loss, and climate impact and generated initial benchmarks for corn, soybean, cotton and wheatproduction. The study evaluates both overall resource use, as well as resource efficiency to demonstrate the positive change in each crop’s “fieldprint” over the past two decades. The report looks at the outcomes that have resulted in farmers implementing a variety of production practices, versus studying the practices themselves.
  • Average total decrease -28%Average per acre decrease per acre -41%Average per bushel decrease of -66%
  • Total water use increased 271%, incidence of irrigation in soybeans is low, increasing from 4% in 1980 to 9 percent in 2011Per acre decreased 9%Per bushel decreased 42%
  • Growers enter information about their field practices
  • Users can compare their own results to county, state, and national benchmarks and print a report of their results
  • Steve

Catherine Campbell Catherine Campbell Presentation Transcript

  • Field to Market: What is Sustainable Agriculture?Illinois Soybean Association July 2012Catherine Campbell, Consultant, Field to Market,The Keystone Alliance for Sustainable Agriculture 1
  • Who is Field to Market?• Collaborative Stakeholder Group – Bringing together the full supply chain – Includes producers• Commodities Focused – Unique supply chains and traceability issues• Develop science- and outcomes-based measures – Identify the key indicators for sustainability – Measure broad-scale trends and field-scale outcomes• Scale and implement metrics for supply chain sustainability programs 2
  • Field to Market Membership
  • How We Define Sustainable Agriculture• Meeting the needs of the present while improving the ability of future generations to meet their own needs – Increasing productivity to meet future food and fiber demands – Improving the environment and human health – Improving the social and economic well-being of agricultural communities
  • Deliverables: What We Are Doing Grower Fieldprints: Supply chain National indicators Individual projects: report: opportunities for Direct engagement continuous Documentation of in continuous improvement overall trends improvement Public data and models Collaboratively developed Outcomes based
  • National Indicators Report • Outcomes based • Practice/technology neutral Criteria • • Transparent and credible science On-farm production outcomes within a grower’s control • Crops: corn, cotton, potatoes, rice, soybeans, and wheat (2012)Data & • Indicators : land use, soil use, irrigation water, energy use, green house gas emissions in socio-economic added in 2012Methods • Analyzed publicly available data ,1980-2011; U.S. national-scale indicators • Peer reviewed
  • Soybean Results Index of Per Bushel Resource Impacts to Produce Soybeans (United States, Year 2000 = 1) Land Use Improved:Year 2000 * Unit - per Bushel 2.2 • All per bushelLand Use 0.027 Planted Acres 2.0Soil Erosion 0.131 Tons 1.8 measuresIrrigation Water Applied 0.766 Acre Inches 1.6Energy 70,669 Btus 1.4 • All soil erosionGreenhouse Gases 15.1 Pounds CO e 1.2* Five-year average 1996 - 2000 2 1.0 Soil Erosion measures 0.8 0.6 • Yield and total Greenhouse 0.4 production Gases 0.2 5 Yr. Avg. 1980 - 84 0.0 5 Yr. Avg. 1987 - 91 5 Yr. Avg. 1997 - 01 Increased: 5 Yr. Avg. 2007 - 11 • Total land use • Total irrigation Note: Data are presented in index form, where the year water applied 2000 = 1 and a 0.1 point change is equal to a 10% difference. Index values allow for comparison of change across Energy • Total energy use Irrigation Water Applied multiple dimensions with differing units of measure. • Total GHG emissions 7
  • A Closer LookSoybean Results: Irrigation Water Applied TOTAL PER ACRE PER BUSHEL • Per acre irrigation water applied has been flat over most of the study period • Per bushel soil irrigation water applied decreased 42% but has leveled off in recent years 9
  • U.S. Producers Have a Great Story to Tell…• Efficiency gains over time, along with increased production• Improvements on a number of economic and social indicatorsAs well as opportunities for continuedimprovement• Pace of improvement has slowed over the study period• Conservation Reserve Program contracts are expiring and prices are making production on those acres more economically viable 10
  • The Fieldprint Calculator:Measuring Field Level Outcomes and IdentifyingOpportunities for Improvement 11
  • What is the Fieldprint Calculator?• Free online education tool for row crop farmers that indexes their agronomics and practices to a Fieldprint• Helps growers evaluate their farming decisions and compare their sustainability performance – In the areas of: – Against: • Land use • Their own fields • Soil conservation • Their own performance over • Soil carbon time • Water use • County, state and national • Energy use averages • Greenhouse gas emissions • Water Quality and Biodiversity in development
  • Fieldprint Calculator Start Page 13
  • Fieldprint Calculator Summary Page 14
  • Field to Market Calculator Pilot Projects • Demonstrate use of calculator on the ground to test utility at the grower level and through the supply chain • Currently 6 member-led pilots engaging farmers across geographies, crops, and supply chains • Over approximately 300 farmers engaged
  • Pilot Program Goals and Outcomes• Establish baselines• Continuous monitoring• Implementation and documentation of change of practices• Life Cycle Analysis• Program education• Relationship-building
  • Nebraska Corn Pilot: - Collaboration Objective: • Using FTM tools and resources to complete the carbon and water footprints for Kellogg’s Frosted Flakes supply chain by capturing the grower link and to collect the necessary data to raise the Fieldprint Calculator to a higher level of functionalityProcess:• Establish a representative grower database • 22 growers representing 35-40% of Crete corn grind (40,000 acres)• Additional participation and support of: • National Resource and Conservation Service (NRCS) • National Corn Growers Association (NCGA) • Nebraska Corn Board • University of Nebraska Extension Service• Collect data from farm production of corn. 17
  • Nebraska Food Chain Pilot: Greenhouse Gas Emissions & Water Usage Ag Intermediate Food Inputs Aggregation Distribution Consumption Production Processing Processing Seed Fertilizer Grower 3,062 Short Tons GHG 4,764 Short Tons GHG 53,594 Short Tons GHG 458,348,017 Gal Water 5,420,270 Gal Water 232,145,565 Gal WaterTotal 2009 Greenhouse Gas Emissions = 62,533 Short Tons Total 2009 Water Usage = 695,913,852 Gal 18
  • Energy Use Efficiency 19
  • Irrigation Water Use EfficiencyIrrigated Corn Crete Nebraska, 2009(Inches of irrigation water) (Bushels)14.0 300.0 Water Applied (left axis) Irrigated Yield per Acre (right axis)12.0 250.010.0 200.0 8.0 150.0 6.0 100.0 4.0 50.0 2.0 0.0 0.0 7 13 19 2 20 9 10 11 15 5 3 4 8 14 17 1 6 16 22 12 18 Grower ID 20
  • Irrigated Corn 2009, Crete Nebraska –Average Field Print and Grower ID No. 1 Grower ID - 1 Score Land Use 89 Soil Conservation 154 Irrigation Water 71 Energy 101 Greenhouse Gases 103 Soil Carbon 200 21
  • Pilot Feedback “I’ll tell you, I wish I had this tool when I first started my position here at the District. It’s a great way to get to know growers and local operations and to get a conversation started. I’m making more in-roads with the Fieldprinting project, than I have with much of the previous outreach I’ve done. If it’s used as nothing more than an outreach tool, it’s a winner.” – Jared Foster, Van Buren Conservation District/Paw-Paw pilot
  • Path Forward • Acknowledge preferences • Respect differences • Listen • Learn • Exert leadership • Move ahead togetherMicrosoft
  • For More Information• www.fieldtomarket.org – Report, Calculator, and more!• Catherine Campbell, Consultant – 970-513-5803; ccampbell@keystone.org• Fred Luckey, Chairman – 314-409-7822; fred.luckey@fieldtomarket.org• Julie Shapiro, Facilitator – 970-513-5830; jshapiro@keystone.org 24 24
  • Questions? 25