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Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014
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Drug-Free Workplace Training - Alcohol and Drugs - 2014

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  • 1.  Training supports your company’s Drug- Free Workplace Program  Programs help companies and workers  Safer, healthier, more productive  Employees learn facts about alcohol
  • 2.  Course deals with alcohol and drug abuse  Most harmful drug in workplace and in our communities  Course provides facts and dispels myths  Help you make smarter decisions
  • 3. When you complete this course, you’ll be able to discuss with co-workers, friends, and family:  How alcohol misuse affects all of us  Common misconceptions about alcohol  Important facts about drinking
  • 4.  Alcoholic drinks basically contain: ◦ Ethanol, a form of alcohol ◦ Flavorings of different kinds ◦ Water
  • 5.  Alcohol, or ethanol, is a drug  Misuse damages the body and brain  Alcohol is also addictive  Seems like a stimulant ◦ But really a sedative  Impairs reasoning, judgment, memory  Alcohol poisoning can kill
  • 6.  Drinking is legal and common for adults  Don’t always recognize problems  Alcohol is nation’s top drug problem  Affects everyone – even non-drinkers ◦ About 43% if US adults have (or had) a family member with a drinking problem
  • 7.  Costs Americans about $185B annually  Medical care and treatment ◦ Accidents, deaths  Ultimately, we all pay the price ◦ Higher taxes, insurance premiums ◦ Public safety risks ◦ Stress in workplaces and families
  • 8.  Alcohol is third leading cause of preventable death in the US ◦ Over 100,000 each year  Of people admitted to hospitals, ¼ have alcohol problems or are being treated for consequences of undiagnosed alcohol dependence
  • 9.  Traffic accidents leading cause of accidental deaths in the US  41% of traffic deaths involve alcohol  People with alcohol dependence are FIVE times more likely to die in a traffic accident
  • 10.  In a national survey, more than 60% of adults knew people who had gone to work under the influence of drugs or alcohol  47% of work injuries and up to 40% of workplace fatalities involve alcohol
  • 11.  The body doesn’t process alcohol like food  Food is broken down by digestion  But alcohol is not food ◦ Enters bloodstream unchanged like a sponge soaking up water
  • 12.  Alcohol absorption starts immediately ◦ Mouth, throat, stomach  The small intestine absorbs most of the alcohol ◦ Alcohol passes into bloodstream  Eating slows down absorption, but it won’t keep you sober  It’s how much, how fast you drink
  • 13.  Liver turns alcohol into waste ◦ Only ½ ounce per hour  First hour doesn’t count ◦ Time for alcohol to reach liver  When you get drunk ◦ More alcohol than liver can remove  Reason drinking fast is risky
  • 14.  There are no shortcuts to getting sober ◦ Not coffee, exercise, cold shower  Time is the only remedy  Liver removes alcohol from blood
  • 15.  You’ve seen how alcohol misuse affects all  Dispelled common misconceptions  Learned important facts  Can keep workplace, community safer  Could save a life
  • 16.  Illegal drug use risks your health and safety  Against your company's policy ◦ Lose your job and benefits ◦ Land in court or jail  You feel the impact, even if you don't use ◦ Higher taxes ◦ more crime  Someone you know likely has a problem ◦ Whether you realize it or not
  • 17.  When you finish you'll be able to identify the major drugs of abuse and explain why they are misused.  Major types of drugs of abuse ◦ Stimulants, or “uppers” ◦ Depressants, or “downers” ◦ Mixed effects (“all-arounders”)
  • 18.  You see it everywhere ◦ News reports, articles about drugs ◦ Ads on radio and TV  Maybe you don't pay much attention ◦ Happens to someone else  Drug problem affects all of us ◦ Even if you don't use drugs
  • 19.  Drugs raise education costs 10 percent or $40 billion each year ◦ Class disruption ◦ Violence ◦ Special education ◦ Tutoring ◦ Property damage ◦ Injury ◦ Counseling
  • 20.  Drugs make roads less safe ◦ Almost 11 million report driving Under influence of illegal drug within past year
  • 21.  Drugs fuel crime ◦ Over half adult male arrestees in 36 U.S. cities tested positive for drugs
  • 22.  Many kids use illegal drugs  Among high school graduates ◦ 48 percent used marijuana ◦ 30 percent used another illegal drug
  • 23.  What are these drugs of abuse?  Why are they so attractive?
  • 24.  Three classes of frequently abused drugs ◦ Stimulants, or “uppers” ◦ Depressants, or “downers” ◦ Mixed effects (“all-arounders”)  Each has different effects on mind, body
  • 25.  Stimulants are called "uppers"  Energize body's central nervous system ◦ Make people feel alert, awake ◦ Speed up heart rate and breathing ◦ Raise body temperature
  • 26.  Depressants called "downers"  Depress body's central nervous system ◦ Feel sluggish ◦ Reduce coordination ◦ Slow down  Heart rate  Breathing  Other vital signs
  • 27.  Some drugs have mixed central nervous system effects  Also called “all-arounders”  Have different effects ◦ Some cause hallucinations ◦ Others raise your heart rate  While slowing down thinking  Reducing coordination
  • 28.  Some from plants  Some are "synthetic"  Different intoxicating effects and health risks
  • 29.  Effects vary with dosage and route of administration  In general, the more you take the more intoxicated you get  Some ways of taking drugs produce more rapid, intense effects ◦ Smoking or injection vs. swallowing pills
  • 30.  Many drugs of abuse are highly addictive  Effects are not predictable ◦ Same drug can affect different people in different ways ◦ Same drug can affect one person differently at different times  Effects different when combined ◦ Combinations can be more risky ◦ Unintended, unexpected consequences
  • 31.  Common Uses ◦ Reduce fatigue ◦ Speed up metabolism  Reasons for abuse ◦ To stay awake ◦ Lose weight ◦ Exhilarating "high"  Despite unpleasant "crash"  Some stimulants relatively mild  Stronger stimulants used illegally  Serious short- and long-term health risks
  • 32.  Most widely used stimulant  Found in coffee beans and other plants  Usually mild feelings of alertness ◦ A lot can cause nervousness, insomnia, dependence  Average U.S. coffee drinker has 1,000 cups/year  Also found in ◦ Other beverages ◦ Chocolates ◦ Non-prescription medications
  • 33.  Found in tobacco products  Second most widely used stimulant ◦ 30% of Americans 12 and older  Largest cause of preventable U.S. deaths ◦ 400,000 each year ◦ One in every five deaths  More than combined deaths from: ◦ Alcohol and all other drugs ◦ Car crashes, murders, suicides, fires, etc.
  • 34.  Very addictive  35 million Americans each year seriously try to quit ◦ Fewer than 7 percent who try on their own stop for more than a year ◦ Most relapse within a few days
  • 35.  Smoking increases risks of: ◦ Strokes ◦ Heart attacks ◦ Other heart diseases  Nicotine replacements do not increase risk  Nicotine doses are: ◦ Slower and lower ◦ Without toxins found in tobacco smoke
  • 36.  Powerful, highly addictive stimulants  Usually taken orally ◦ Injected by "speed freaks" ◦ Potent form, "ice," is smoked  60's abuse led to tighter controls  Psychosis-like symptoms can occur with chronic use
  • 37.  Amphetamines are used in medicine ◦ Treat obesity, narcolepsy  Methylphenidate (Ritalin) ◦ Treatment of ADHD (Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder)  Increased abuse potential among kids
  • 38.  "Street" meth diverted from legal use ◦ Or made in secret labs  Meth labs” spring up quickly ◦ Homes, hotel rooms ◦ Shacks in the woods  Nightmare for law enforcement  Labs can explode, burn ◦ Extensive environmental damage
  • 39.  Made from leaves of coca tree ◦ Columbia, other S. American countries  Most powerful stimulant found in nature  Second most used illicit drug in U.S. ◦ 14 percent over age 12 have tried  Usually a white powder, sniffed  Crack is very potent, smokeable ◦ Looks like off-white slivers of soap
  • 40.  Crack considered relatively cheap high ◦ Dose typically $10 to $20  One reason dealers target kids  Large percentage of high-schoolers ◦ Say it's easy to get
  • 41.  Cocaine, crack both highly addictive  Research shows crack may be more so ◦ Since it is smoked  Almost immediate, very intense “high”  Cocaine high only lasts for minutes ◦ Not hours like amphetamines  Overdose can lead to ◦ Seizures, breathing/heart failure, stroke, death  No antidote
  • 42.  "Downers" slow down body's central nervous system  Some, like alcohol, are legal ◦ Medicines for sleep, anxiety, pain  Others (heroin) have no medical uses  All have short/long-term health risks ◦ Many highly addictive ◦ Overdosing on some can kill
  • 43.  Sedatives, tranquilizers ◦ Prescribed for stress, anxiety, convulsions ◦ Hypnotics treat insomnia  Made legally in laboratories ◦ Diverted for illegal sale  Many are addictive ◦ Withdrawal can be life threatening  Overdosing on some can be fatal
  • 44.  Widely prescribed in early 1900's ◦ Until addiction risk became clear ◦ Only handful still prescribed  Abused for "high", like alcohol ◦ Reduce coordination, alertness ◦ Driving hazardous, even next day  Seconal, Nembutal, Tuinal  Mixing with alcohol dangerous  Overdose can be fatal
  • 45.  Developed in 60's to replace barbiturates ◦ One of most widely prescribed meds  Large doses not usually fatal ◦ Unless mixed: alcohol, cocaine, heroin  Prolonged use can cause dependence  Abused by adolescents, young adults ◦ Reduces inhibitions, impairs judgment
  • 46.  Three other widely abused depressants ◦ GHB (gamma hydroxy butyric acid) ◦ Rohypnol (flunitrazepam) ◦ Quaalude (methaqualone)
  • 47.  Also called narcotics  Family of powerful, addictive drugs  "Natural opiates" from poppy plants ◦ "Synthetic opiates" made in labs  Morphine, codeine have medical uses ◦ Control diarrhea, suppress coughing ◦ Most effective painkillers  Heroine, others have no medical uses ◦ Highly addictive, frequently abused
  • 48.  Morphine is a natural opiate  Highly effective for pain relief ◦ Especially during surgery  Abusers commonly inject it  Tolerance, dependence develop rapidly
  • 49.  Heroin produced from morphine  Most widely abused, rapidly acting opiate  Highly addictive  No medical use
  • 50.  Codeine is a natural opiate  Opiate most widely used in medicine  Relieves moderate pain ◦ Mixed with aspirin, Tylenol ◦ Used in prescription cough syrups
  • 51.  Oxycodone similar to codeine ◦ But more potent  Mixed with acetaminophen for Percocet ◦ With aspirin for Percodan  Rapid recent increase in abuse
  • 52.  Products with breathable chemical vapors  1,000s of common home, workplace products  Intoxicating effects similar to alcohol ◦ Short but intense "high" ◦ Distorts perceptions of time, space ◦ Loss of inhibition ◦ Slurred speech, loss of coordination
  • 53.  Common industrial, household products ◦ Art and office products  Examples ◦ Correction/felt-tip-marker fluid ◦ Nail polish remover ◦ Lighter fluid, gasoline ◦ Paint and paint thinner ◦ Rubber glue, waxes, varnishes ◦ Degreasers and cleaning fluids
  • 54.  Products with gases used as inhalants ◦ Butane lighters, propane tanks ◦ Whipping cream dispensers ◦ Refrigerant gases ◦ Spray paints ◦ Hair and deodorant sprays ◦ Fabric protector sprays
  • 55.  Simple to get ◦ Cheap, legal ◦ Easy to hide  Often first substance kids abuse  Hard for parents, supervisors to detect
  • 56.  Inhalants are sniffed, huffed, bagged  Huffing soak rags, hold to face  Bagging concentrate vapors in paper bag  Some people put on hands, fingernails ◦ Shirtsleeves, wristbands ◦ For repeated use
  • 57.  Among junior, senior high students ◦ 15-20 percent have tried  Highest use among 10-12 year-olds  Few people abuse for long periods
  • 58.  Lower breathing and blood pressure  Users can lose consciousness and die ◦ Heart failure or suffocation  Long term use can cause ◦ Kidney abnormalities ◦ Impaired memory ◦ Attention deficits ◦ Hearing loss ◦ Brain, liver, bone marrow damage
  • 59.  Uppers stimulate central nervous system  Downers depress central nervous system  "All-arounders" ◦ Have diverse, mixed effects  Three types:  Cannabinoids, including marijuana  Hallucinogens, or psychedelics  Steroids
  • 60.  Includes marijuana, hashish, hash oil  From Cannabis sativa plant  Smoked or eaten in foods  Pot, grass, reefer, weed, sensimilla  Marijuana is controversial ◦ There is lots of misinformation
  • 61.  Marijuana now 2-3 times stronger than in the 1960’s and 70’s  Marijuana users can become dependent  Long-term use causes: ◦ Respiratory diseases ◦ Possibly thinking impairments  Some states have medical marijuana laws ◦ U.S. FDA hasn't approved medical uses  U.S. law supersedes state law
  • 62.  Found in many plants and fungi ◦ Such as mushrooms  More powerful ones created in labs ◦ Like LSD  Alters perceptions, thoughts, moods  Abusers sometimes die from overdose  Greatest risk is impaired judgment ◦ Leading to accidents, injuries
  • 63.  Don't always produce hallucinations  Increase heart rate, blood pressure ◦ Dilate pupils  Distort perceptions of time, space ◦ Time may seem to stand still  Forms, colors change  Seem to take on new meanings  Effects are unpredictable ◦ Pleasurable or terrifying ◦ Users can experience flashbacks
  • 64.  LSD is the strongest hallucinogen  Dose the size of a few grains of salt ◦ Produces intense effects  Sold in several forms ◦ Soaked paper (blotter acid) ◦ Tablets (microdots) ◦ Thin gelatin squares (window pane)  A “trip” lasts 10-12 hours
  • 65.  PCP (Phencyclidine)  Ketamine (Special or Super K)  Psilocybin (Magic Mushrooms)  Mescaline (Peyote Buttons)  Ectasy
  • 66.  Chemically like male hormone testosterone  Effects more physical, less psychological  Illegal use for muscle growth, endurance ◦ Increasingly younger male athletes ◦ Weight-lifting, cycling, track and field ◦ Jobs requiring physical strength  Disturbing side effects  Raised blood pressure, cholesterol  Severe acne, premature balding  Reduced sexual function  Long-term damage to heart, liver
  • 67.  You should now be familiar with major drugs of abuse  Harmful short-/long-term effects   Drug abuse affects all of us

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