American romanticism
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American romanticism

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American Romanticism PowerPoint

American Romanticism PowerPoint

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    American romanticism American romanticism Presentation Transcript

    • American Romanticism 1800-1860
    • Essential Question  What are the characteristics of American Romanticism?
    • Characteristics of American Romanticism     Values feeling and intuition over reason Places faith in inner experience and the power of the imagination Shuns the artificiality of civilization and seeks unspoiled nature Prefers youthful innocence to educated sophistication
    • Characteristics of American Romanticism    Champions individual freedom and the worth of the individual Reflects on nature’s beauty as a path to spiritual and moral development Looks backward to the wisdom of the past and distrusts progress
    • Characteristics of American Romanticism    Finds beauty and truth in exotic locales, the supernatural realm, and the inner world of the imagination Sees poetry as the highest expression of the imagination Finds inspiration in myth, legend, and folklore
    • Romantics with a Darker Vision     Not all writers shared the strong optimism. Examined the darker facets of humanity, such as greed, vanity, guilt. Narrators who were criminals or insane. Psychological effects of evil, terror, and grief on the human soul.
    • The American Romantics Authors: Washington Irving Nathaniel Hawthorne Edgar Allan Poe
    • Washington Irving 1783-1859     Short story writer, essayist, poet, travel book writer, biographer, and columnist Has been called the father of the American short story The first American to make a living solely from writing Best known stories include “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow,” & “The Headless Horseman.”
    • Nathaniel Hawthorne 1804 - 1864     Descendant of the “hanging judge” at Salem witch trials. Unhappy childhood. Worked in isolation for twelve years. Major work: The Scarlet Letter 1850
    • Edgar Allan Poe 1809 - 1849     Tormented throughout his life with loss, bitterness, and depression. Lived in poverty most of his life. Married his 13-yearold cousin. Dead in a gutter at 40, drunk or rabies?
    • Edgar Allan Poe   Brilliant talent for investigating the dark side of humanity. Revenge, terror, lost love, insanity were common themes.
    • Edgar Allan Poe   Credited with defining the short story. Father of modern detective fiction story and of the horror tale, as well.